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glacier_71

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #60 on: March 04, 2009, 09:53:59 AM »

ok. thanks. this is quite new to me that the TIMORI way of speaking originates from the escaya tribe.
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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #61 on: March 05, 2009, 07:23:24 AM »
I have never heard the theory that there is a connection between Timori and Eskayan! This is something that I should test since my dissertation is on the Eskayan language.
So, anybody reading this thread - please help! I would like to chart this on a map of Bohol.

To any Boholano reading this, please tell me:
1. What is your birthplace?
2. Did you ever use Timori growing up?

Just reply to this message! When I finish the Timori map I will send out the link!

(PS. I have much to say about Eskaya and the hoax claims which I think could answer most people's questions. But for now, I'm too interested in Timori to comment here)

Piers Kelly
Australian National University

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #62 on: March 05, 2009, 09:57:38 AM »

I am from Cortes, in Bohol. I used to hear my uncles, at least two of them, communicate in TIMORI. My mother also knows it, i just dont know if she could still speak it right now.

I used to know about a sandbar in Talibon, i think it's Mahaba Island now, which was christened by an NGO group as Tirot. It should sound editable in the Cebuano. Hmm

"If you can't convince them, confuse them."

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #63 on: March 05, 2009, 12:22:52 PM »
a lot of Carmenanons are skilled in Timori. naa pa ganiy uban nga ang Timori, ila pa gyong i-twist--balihon ang TIMORI word pagkasulti. maglibog na lagi ka. hehehehe. i know some of my friends spoke that way occassionally. too bad, i never tried to learn it.

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #64 on: March 05, 2009, 03:42:36 PM »
\
Bai if the group is called Tirol its mean b**** in Timori.
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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #65 on: March 05, 2009, 03:46:39 PM »

My classmates are from Sudlon, Guindulman, Bohol. there family is Busilac. Its near Biasbas, Guindulman.

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #66 on: March 05, 2009, 03:54:53 PM »
Cultural communities must be integrated to the mainstream society to avoid perpetual isolation which caused their stagnation and poverty.  Xenophobic people tend to fear, that such integration would cause the fading of their culture when apparently it doesnt.

Cultural heritage must likewise be equally protected not by old school "protectionist" means but by process of cultural participation and exchange.  The best way to protect them is not by means of isolating them, depriving them of technology, education and other basic services.  It is by recognizing them as part of our community, with very distinct cultural characteristics.

There are a lot of cultural communities which have been "modernized" in their way of living but still retained their cultural identity. Best examples of which are the Jews.
An important note, I have taught in Ateneo de Davao, and I had Bagobo, Maranao students.  They have still maintained their cultural identity despite modernization.

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #67 on: March 05, 2009, 04:02:13 PM »
Regina Estorba, a faculty member of the CAS Department of HNU conducted an ethnographic study of the Eskaya Tribes which was entitled" Scribbling the Voice of the Tende".  A tende is term for an Eskayan woman.  You can access this research at KINA-ADMAN research publication of HNU.
Reg is currently finishing her Masters degree in Gender Studies at  ISS Netherlands.

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #68 on: March 05, 2009, 04:18:00 PM »
Isn't she a Macalandag now?

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #69 on: March 05, 2009, 04:19:13 PM »
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SELECTED SUBSET OF ESCAYA SYMBOLS

+JLY
LIFES CHALLENGES ARE DESIGNED NOT TO BREAK US
      BUT TO BEND US TOWARD GOD.
      in every desert of trial
     GOD has an oasis of comfort. 
+JLY 
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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #70 on: March 05, 2009, 04:20:23 PM »
yes, she is married to Ryan Macalandag. you know reg?

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #71 on: March 05, 2009, 04:22:05 PM »
umm, i know them both. hmmm

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #72 on: March 05, 2009, 04:24:34 PM »
Days of the week:
   Leni           Lunes           Monday
   Mimati   Martes           Tuesday
   Mibol   Miercoles           Wednesday
   Hubir   Jueves           Thursday
   ?           Viernes           Friday
   Sanubi   Sabado           Saturday
   Llongo   Domingo           Sunday
   

Months:
   E-mi-o   Enero   January
   Hebi-o   Febrero   February
   Maso   Marso   March
   Kabir   Abril           April
   Ma-o           Mayo        May
   Hubi           Junio   June
   Hubi-on   Julio           July
   Tatubi   Agosto   August
   Sitibi       Septiembre   September
   Oktubi   Octobre   October
   Nobi       Noviembre   November
   Dibi        Diciembre     December

+JLY

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #73 on: March 05, 2009, 04:26:28 PM »
Eskaya Books
What the Eskaya consider to be an official record of their civilization is contained in a few books (notebooks) which include Unang Katawhan sa Bohol (First People of Bohol) also known as Pinay, Rangman (encyclopedia), Simplet (dictionary), Abadeha (Origin of the Alphabet), Cuadra (Mechanics of the Alphabet), Atekesis (Botanical Knowledge), Daylinda (Romantic story of one chief), and Aritmetica (Arithmetic). The books are not dated so they could be anywhere from a few decades to a few centuries old. The Eskaya claim an ancient date for the books but the publishing date has not been verified. Suffice to say, everything we discuss has the attribute of “deniability.”

In view of the tremendous amount of fantastic information that can be gleaned from these Eskaya “books,” we have to limit ourselves mostly to the subject of the Eskaya script and their number system so we can have a mangeable topic. We will also discuss briefly how the Eskaya purportedly got into Bohol.

+JLY

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #74 on: March 05, 2009, 04:32:12 PM »
ate,

wala ko kahibaw, eskaya man diay ka..

hehehhe.. wala pa ka mo work?

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #75 on: March 05, 2009, 05:04:51 PM »

The Eskaya, less commonly known as the Visayan-Eskaya, is the collective name for the members of a cultural minority found in Bohol, Philippines. The Eskaya community is distinguished by its cultural heritage, particularly its literature and language, although many of its earlier traditional practices are no longer strictly observed.[1] Reports indicate that Eskaya linguistic and cultural education has been in steady decline since the mid-1980s.

Most members of the Eskaya community inhabit a mountainous area that intersects the municipalities of Duero, Guindulman, Pilar and Sierra Bullones in the once-forested region of Bohol’s southeast interior. The original Eskaya settlement of Biabas (Guindulman), was established in the early 20th century by Mariano Datahan who died in 1949.[5] In 1951, the second township of Taytay (municipality of Duero) was founded by Fabian Baja in accordance with Datahan’s directions.[6] Significant Eskaya populations are now also found in the nearby townships of Canta-ub, Lundag, Tambongan, Cadapdapan and Fatimah. In 1996, the Eskaya community was awarded a certificate of Ancestral Domain Claim by President Fidel Ramos.[7] An official census of the Eskaya population has not yet been made. One report estimates that in 1991 there were 130 Eskaya families living in Bohol.

The teaching of Eskayan in the volunteer schools is one of the few remaining cultural practices of the Eskaya community.

Formerly, Eskaya men would wear shirts made of piña raffia with a Chinese-style collar, black breeches and cotton berets. Women wore piña dresses with bulging sleeves similar to the Spanish-influenced Boholano style (mostly in Biabas) and covered their hair with cotton habits (mostly in Taytay).[16] Traditionally, women were not permitted to cut their hair short nor wear trousers, and drinking and dancing were universally prohibited. For the most part these customs have been discontinued, however traditional dress is sometimes worn on Sundays and special occasions.

At weddings the parents of the bride offer the couple a glass of water and a comb. The comb is dipped in the water and run through the hair of both bride and groom. Rice is then showered on the couple, connoting plenty.  Until recently, the Eskaya practised a form of communal farming in which a portion of land was tilled for the benefit of the whole community.

Although the Eskaya had been known to people living in the vicinity of Bohol’s southeast highlands prior to World War II, it was only in the early 1980s that they came to wider public attention when government agricultural advisers toured the province to introduce Green Revolution policies.[19] Local journalists and researchers have since suggested various theories on the origins of the Eskaya but there is still no broad consensus on the subject.

As far as documented evidence is concerned, genealogies attest that many of the predecessors of those living in the communities today originally came from the town of Loon on Bohol’s western coast;[20] Mariano Datahan is reported to have arrived at the site of present-day Biabas at the turn of the nineteenth century; The Philippine Independent Church in Biabas was established in 1902;[13] Datahan wrote a letter to President Manuel Quezon in 1937;[11] and the resistance hero Col. Esteban Bernido records a meeting with Datahan in Biabas in 1944.

The Eskaya community has been the object of ongoing controversy, particularly with regards to its status as an indigenous group and the classification of the Eskayan language.[9] Intense speculation in the 1980s and 1990s on the part of journalists and lay historians generated a number of theories that continue to be elaborated without resolution.[18]

It has been argued variously that the Eskaya are a remnant of the original indigenous settlers on Bohol;[1] that they migrated to Bohol from Sumatra in the seventh century A.D.;[23] that they are descendants of the resistance groups that fought under Francisco Dagohoy;[24] that they are a cult[25] or secret society;[10] or that they are a conscious reconstruction of an imagined pre-colonial society.

Some of the more unusual proposals are that the Eskaya people are a Semitic proto-Christian tribe;[26] that they possess the lost book of Enoch;[27] that they are descended from the builders of King Solomon’s temple;[12] that their existence proves the imminence of a second Messiah in Bohol; or that they guard esoteric secrets.

Likewise, the Eskayan speech variety has been associated with languages as disparate as Hebrew, Greek, and Etruscan. Recent studies have revealed that the syntax of Eskayan is identical to that of Cebuano,[11][4][9] lending weight to the theory that Eskayan is actually an elaborate form of Cebuano coding.[6][11][9]

Legally, the Eskaya are classified as an indigenous group under Republic Act or R.A. No. 8371 entitled “The Indigenous Peoples Rights Act of 1997.
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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #76 on: March 05, 2009, 05:06:47 PM »
cite the source.
wikipedia?

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #77 on: March 05, 2009, 05:10:02 PM »

Yes, ayessa!

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #78 on: March 06, 2009, 10:25:07 AM »
Ha! I wrote that wikipedia article (needs updating though)

Alright, the Secret Languages of Bohol map has been started!:



Edit by clicking on the 'edit' button on the left - or just send me an email. I've cut and paste comments from this thread in there. Or just send me an email - pierskelly (at)yahoo.it

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Re: The ESKAYA TRIBES OF BOHOL
« Reply #79 on: March 06, 2009, 11:55:52 PM »
Interesting! Anoy Datahan's original name is Mariano Sumatra and the Wikipedia source says that the Eskayas originated in Sumatra.  There are still a lot of Sumatras in Loon, Anoy's jometown.



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