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Re: China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas
« Reply #20 on: May 15, 2014, 02:40:41 AM »
Ordinarily, the next step in an arbitration of this nature would be the filing of a Counter-Memorial by the other Party. However, it is currently
unknown whether China will appear in the case, or whether it will continue its present policy of abstaining from the proceedings.
Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment

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« Reply #21 on: May 15, 2014, 02:47:05 AM »
Under the Rules of Procedure, the Arbitral Tribunal will decide on next steps and advise the Parties.  The Philippines will follow the guidance of the Arbitral Tribunal in regard to the publication of the Memorial.


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« Reply #22 on: May 15, 2014, 02:48:09 AM »
In the meantime, out of respect for the Tribunal and the arbitral process, it is obliged to preserve confidentiality.  With firm onviction, the ultimate purpose of the Memorial is our national interest.
It is about defending what is legitimately ours.  It is about securing our children's future.  It is about guaranteeing freedom of navigation for all nations.  It is about helping to preserve regional peace, security and stability.  And finally, it is about seeking not just any kind of resolution but a just and durable solution grounded on International Law.

delivered by philippine foreign affairs secretary albert f. del rosario, 30 march 2014

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Re: China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas
« Reply #23 on: May 17, 2014, 03:03:00 AM »
Beijing’s actions in the South China Sea demand a U.S. response

By Elizabeth Economy and Michael Levi
Published: May 16, 2014


The China National Overseas Oil Corporation (CNOOC) began drilling in Vietnamese-claimed waters last week, accompanied by more than 70 vessels, including armed Chinese warships. At first glance, this might look like merely another front in China’s quest for natural resources, which has taken Chinese companies to seemingly every corner of the earth.

Yet what is happening in the South China Sea is actually far more dangerous than what has come before — and the forces driving it go well beyond pursuit of energy riches. The United States needs to face up to the full magnitude of the Chinese challenge to have any hope of successfully confronting it. This means not only tough talk but also a willingness to take difficult action.

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Re: China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas
« Reply #24 on: May 17, 2014, 03:04:19 AM »
There has long been speculation that massive oil and gas deposits are locked beneath the South China Sea — 1.4 million square miles bordered by Brunei, China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam and claimed in part by all of them. According to the Chinese Ministry of Land and Resources, the area might contain as much as 400 billion barrels of oil, surpassing the bounties of the Middle East.

Most informed estimates, though, are much smaller. The U.S. Geological Survey estimated in 2010 that the region’s undiscovered oil (much of which will never be financially attractive to produce) totals a far smaller 11 billion barrels. It is difficult to believe that China would risk armed conflict for such modest stakes.


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« Reply #25 on: May 17, 2014, 03:05:24 AM »
Two other forces are essential to understanding what is going on. One is nationalism: The drilling is taking place near the Paracel Islands, which sit within a disputed area of the South China Sea, roughly 120 miles from Vietnam’s coast and well within Vietnam’s 200-mile exclusive economic zone. But China claims the islands based on historical usage and effective exercise of sovereignty, having occupied them since 1974. Backing off from the Paracels would deal a blow to China’s prestige, while underlining Chinese control over the islands would strengthen the leadership’s legitimacy at home.

Chinese leaders are also motivated by a desire to control the sea lanes of the South China Sea. More than $5 trillion of trade passes through the increasingly crowded waters each year. That includes almost one-third of world seaborne oil trade and more than three-quarters of Chinese oil imports (as well as most of the oil destined for Japan, South Korea and Taiwan). The Chinese navy may be too weak to challenge U.S. dominance in key Middle East sea lanes, or even to exercise control over the critical Straits of Malacca, but by operating naval forces across the South China Sea it can gain greater confidence that the United States will not be able to disrupt its supplies.

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« Reply #26 on: May 17, 2014, 03:06:06 AM »
Beyond these two motivations, it does not hurt that Chinese oil companies are eager to operate in the region. By cloaking its military excursion in commercial garb, Beijing might have hoped to defuse some of the inevitable opposition.

If so, that gambit has not paid off. China’s latest move, which came as a surprise to Vietnam and other nations, undermines Beijing’s insistence that strong relations within the region are its top foreign policy priority. It also calls into question China’s commitment to its current working-group talks with Vietnam on joint resource development in the South China Sea.

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« Reply #27 on: May 17, 2014, 03:06:58 AM »
The United States has said it won’t take a stand on the sovereignty dispute and has called on the two parties to resolve their differences peacefully. This is not enough: The United States ought to call China’s bluff and make clear the real stakes. The United States and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) should present a unified front in refusing to recognize unilateral assertions of claims in disputed territories.

Even more important, the United States must be prepared to give life to its rhetorical position. Although it does not have a treaty obligation to defend Vietnam, its rebalancing to Asia is premised on its role as the primary guarantor of stability in the Pacific. Chinese actions challenge that.


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Re: China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas
« Reply #28 on: May 17, 2014, 03:07:39 AM »
Vietnam has reiterated its commitment to peacefully resolve the dispute. If China does not reciprocate, the United States should be prepared to offer support to Vietnam through an increased naval presence. This would give Washington the ability to assess Chinese capabilities and to help de-escalate the situation. Other options, such as restrictions on CNOOC’s activities in the United States, could also be considered. If the United States can’t back up its words with actions, its credibility in promising to uphold peace and stability in the region will be gutted.

Elizabeth Economy and Michael Levi are senior fellows at the Council on Foreign Relations and the authors of “By All Means Necessary: How China’s Resource Quest is Changing the World.”

http://www.washingtonpost.com/

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Re: China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas
« Reply #29 on: May 20, 2014, 10:32:48 AM »
Q&A: South China Sea dispute 

BBC News, 8 May 2014

_74481007_021708472-1 - China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas - Talk of the Town
Tensions between the Philippines and China over overlapping claims has risen in recent months

Rival countries have wrangled over territory in the South China Sea for centuries - but a recent upsurge in tension has sparked concern that the area is becoming a flashpoint with global consequences.

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Re: China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas
« Reply #30 on: May 20, 2014, 10:36:47 AM »
What is the argument about?

It is a dispute over territory and sovereignty over ocean areas and the Paracels and the Spratlys - two island chains claimed in whole or in part by a number of countries. Alongside the fully fledged islands, there are dozens of uninhabited rocky outcrops, atolls, sandbanks and reefs, such as the Scarborough Shoal.

_67616829_south_china-sea_1_464 - China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas - Talk of the Town
Map of South China Sea

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Re: China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas
« Reply #31 on: May 20, 2014, 10:38:00 AM »
Who claims what?

China claims by far the largest portion of territory - an area defined by the "nine-dash line" which stretches hundreds of miles south and east from its most southerly province of Hainan. Beijing says its right to the area comes from 2,000 years of history where the Paracel and Spratly island chains were regarded as integral parts of the Chinese nation.

In 1947 China issued a map detailing its claims. It showed the two island groups falling entirely within its territory. Those claims are mirrored by Taiwan, as the Republic of China.

Vietnam hotly disputes China's historical account, saying China had never claimed sovereignty over the islands before the 1940s. Vietnam says it has actively ruled over both the Paracels and the Spratlys since the 17th Century - and has the documents to prove it.


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« Reply #32 on: May 20, 2014, 10:38:27 AM »
The other major claimant in the area is the Philippines, which invokes its geographical proximity to the Spratly Islands as the main basis of its claim for part of the grouping.

Both the Philippines and China lay claim to the Scarborough Shoal (known as Huangyan Island in China) - a little more than 100 miles (160km) from the Philippines and 500 miles from China.

Malaysia and Brunei also lay claim to territory in the South China Sea that they say falls within their economic exclusion zones, as defined by UNCLOS. Brunei does not claim any of the disputed islands, but Malaysia claims a small number of islands in the Spratlys.

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The Philippines accuses China of strengthening its military presence in the South China Sea

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« Reply #33 on: May 20, 2014, 10:42:03 AM »
Why are so many countries involved?

The Paracels and the Spratlys may have reserves of natural resources around them. There has been little detailed exploration of the area, so estimates are largely extrapolated from the mineral wealth of neighbouring areas.

The sea is also a major shipping route and home to fishing grounds that supply the livelihoods of people across the region.

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Vietnamese protesters mark China's seizure of the Paracels in 1974

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Re: China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas
« Reply #34 on: May 20, 2014, 10:43:24 AM »
How much trouble does the dispute cause?

The most serious trouble in recent decades has flared between Vietnam and China. The Chinese seized the Paracels from Vietnam in 1974, killing more than 70 Vietnamese troops. In 1988 the two sides clashed in the Spratlys, when Vietnam again came off worse, losing about 60 sailors.

The Philippines has also been involved in a number of minor skirmishes with Chinese, Vietnamese and Malaysian forces.

The most recent upsurge in tension has coincided with more muscular posturing from China.


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« Reply #35 on: May 20, 2014, 10:44:02 AM »
The Philippines has accused China of building up its military presence in the Spratlys. In early 2012, the two countries engaged in a lengthy maritime stand-off, accusing each other of intrusions in the Scarborough Shoal.

In July 2012 China formally created Sansha city, an administrative body with its headquarters in the Paracels which it says oversees Chinese territory in the South China Sea - including the Paracels and the Spratlys. Both Vietnam and the Philippines protested against this move.

Unverified claims that the Chinese navy deliberately sabotaged two Vietnamese exploration operations in late 2012 led to large anti-China protests on the streets of Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.

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Re: China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas
« Reply #36 on: May 20, 2014, 10:52:43 AM »
Vietnam was also one of a number of nations that refused to stamp new editions of Chinese passports which include a map showing disputed areas of the South China Sea as Chinese territory.

In January 2013, Manila said it was taking China to a UN tribunal under the auspices of the UN Convention on the Laws of the Sea, to challenge its claims in the South China Sea.

In May 2014, the introduction by China of a drilling rig into waters near the Paracel Islands led to multiple collisions between Vietnamese and China ships.

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« Reply #37 on: May 20, 2014, 10:56:03 AM »
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The Philippines has a rusting vessel beached on the Second Thomas Shoal, which China also claims

Is anyone trying to resolve the row?

Over the years, China has tended to favour bilateral arrangements negotiated behind closed doors - but other countries want international mediation.

Even if the Philippines is successful in its attempts to pursue China at a UN tribunal, however, China would not be obliged to abide by the ruling.

Recent attempts by regional grouping Asean to discuss new ideas for resolving the dispute appear to have left the bloc severely divided.

http://www.bbc.com/


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« Reply #38 on: May 20, 2014, 11:25:47 AM »
In early 2012, the two countries engaged in a lengthy maritime stand-off, accusing each other of intrusions in the Scarborough Shoal.[/b]
Scarborough Shoal standoff

From Wikipedia

300px-Scarborough_Shoal_Landsat - China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas - Talk of the Town
Scarborough Shoal

Date:  April 8, 2012 - present

Location:  Scarborough Shoal

Status:  Ongoing

Belligerents:  Philippines                                  China

Strength:      1 frigate, 1 surveillance plane       2 surveillance ships

The Scarborough Shoal standoff refers to the ongoing tensions between China and the Philippines which began on April 8, 2012 over the Philippine Navy apprehension of eight Chinese fishing vessels in the disputed Scarborough Shoal.

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Re: China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas
« Reply #39 on: May 20, 2014, 11:27:44 AM »
Overview

The Scarborough Shoal is claimed by both China and the Philippines. Taiwan also claims the shoal as part of its territory. On April 8, 2012, a Philippine Navy surveillance plane spotted eight Chinese fishing vessels docked at the waters of Scarborough shoal. BRP Gregorio del Pilar was sent on the same day by the Philippine Navy to survey the vicinity of the shoal, and confirmed the presence of the fishing vessels and their ongoing activities. On April 10, 2012, BRP Gregorio del Pilar came to inspect the catch of the fishing vessels. The Filipino inspection team claimed that they discovered illegally collected corals, giant clams and live sharks inside the first vessel boarded by the team. BRP Gregorio del Pilar reported that they attempted to arrest the Chinese fishermen but were blocked by Chinese maritime surveillance ships, China Marine Surveillance 75 (Zhongguo Haijian 75) and China Marine Surveillance 84 (Zhongguo Haijian 84). Since then, tensions have continued between the two countries.



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