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« Reply #40 on: May 20, 2014, 11:29:15 AM »
Reactions and related incidents

Boycott of Chinese goods

There has been a call in the Philippines to boycott goods made in China. Albay Governor Joey Salceda renewed calls to boycott goods made in China to send a signal that the Filipinos are united when a foreign power threatens the country's territorial integrity and national dignity. According to Salceda, the boycott would not be a counter to China's economic or military might “but it will draw global attention to their hegemonic ambitions as the loss of international goodwill will make its expansionist strategy very costly.”. Salaceda's has been advocating his cause since June 2011 over the alleged aggressive policy of China in the Spratly Islands, another disputed territory claimed by China, the Philippines and four other countries.

U.S. Pinoys for Good Governance, together with the Vietnamese community in Florida also called for the boycott of Chinese goods.
Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment

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« Reply #41 on: May 20, 2014, 11:30:09 AM »
Cyber attack exchanges

Hackers suspected to be from China, defaced the website of the University of the Philippines on April 20. The hackers left a message claiming, “We come from China! Huangyan Island is Ours,”. On April 21 “Anonymous #Occupy Philippines” retaliated and attacked the China University Media Union website, defacing its homepage with an image of a Guy Fawkes mask. The hacker said, "Chinese government is clearly retarded. Scarborough Shoal is ours!”. The website of the University of the Philippines was back online at the same day. After the attacks, Philippine President Benigno Aquino III’s deputy spokesperson Abigail Valte said that it didn't appear that the attacks would have any negative effect on the talks by Manila and Beijing to find a diplomatic solution to the standoff, and urged both Filipinos and Chinese to refrain from escalating tensions. Philippine websites of Official Gazette, the Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office, and the Presidential Museum and Library were also defaced in April. On May 4, hackers defaced the websites of The Philippine Star newspaper.


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« Reply #42 on: May 20, 2014, 11:30:50 AM »
Philippine fruit exports to China

China has imposed stricter regulations on its import of Philippine bananas, as a shipload of bananas was rejected in May, allegedly due to its failure to pass quarantine tests. According to Philippine banana exporters, China's move was related to the standoff in the Scarborough shoal. China also ordered stiffer inspections over Philippine pineapples and other fruits coming from the country.

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« Reply #43 on: May 20, 2014, 11:31:38 AM »
Suspension of tours to the Philippines

Most Chinese travel agencies suspended tours to the Philippines due to the standoff over the Scarborough shoal. Tourists from China makes about 9% of total arrivals to the Philippines according to the Philippine Department of Tourism.

The state-owned China Travel Service, Shanghai Tourism Bureau and Ctrip.com suspended all tours to the Philippines indefinitely citing the anti-Chinese sentiment in the country and for the safety of Chinese nationals.

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« Reply #44 on: May 20, 2014, 11:33:20 AM »
May 11 Philippine protests

Filipinos organized a protest near the Chinese Consulate in Manila against China's policies in the Scarborough shoal on May 11. Nearly 1,000 people were expected to participate in the protest. Organizers of the protests also noted that other protests were planned in other Chinese diplomatic missions around the world.

China deployed police near the Philippine Embassy in Beijing but only about 200 protesters were reported. The protest in Beijing ended peacefully. The Chinese embassy in Manila advised Chinese nationals to stay off the streets. Taiwan also released a similar advisory to its residents staying in the Philippines.


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« Reply #45 on: May 20, 2014, 11:43:09 AM »
May 11 Hong Kong protests

Hong Kong activists organized a protest on May 11, to reiterate China's claim over the Scarborough shoal near the Philippine Consulate in Hong Kong. The protesters sent an open letter to the authorities claiming that the Scarborough shoal has been a Chinese territory since 1279 during the Yuan Dynasty. They also accuse the Philippines in inciting anti-China demonstration among Filipinos and disrupting Chinese fishermen in the shoal.

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« Reply #46 on: May 20, 2014, 11:43:35 AM »
May 12 Beijing protests

Five protesters unfurled banners in front of the Philippine embassy in Beijing reading, "Huangyan Island will always belong to China" and "Keep your hands off Huangyan Island". The protest did not take long and the protesters were dispersed by the police by noon.

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« Reply #47 on: May 20, 2014, 11:44:02 AM »
Fishing ban

The Chinese government unilaterally imposed a fishing ban in the South China Sea, where the Scarborough shoal lies, lasting from May 16 to August 1. Since 1999, China has been imposing the annual summer fishing ban, which covers fishermen, regardless of nationality. Mono-layer gillnets, and hook and line fishing is not covered by the ban.

The Philippines does not recognize the Chinese fishing ban but has imposed its own fishing ban. The Filipino fishing ban lasted from May 16 to July 15 and the Philippine Coast Guard will bar Filipino fishermen from the shoal. President Benigno Aquino III insisted that the ban was for the preservation of the marine resources. Fish aggregating devices were installed in the municipal waters of Santa Cruz, Candelaria, Masinloc, Palauig and Iba in Zambales, as well as in La Union, Ilocos Sur and Ilocos Norte to ensure the livelihoods of affected Filipino fishermen. As of June 26, fishing vessels, together with paramilitary ships, are still in Scarborough shoal despite the Chinese fishing ban still effect.


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« Reply #48 on: May 20, 2014, 11:44:29 AM »
Faeldon's planned protest

Former Marine Capt. Nicanor Faeldon planned to lead a group of fishermen to the Scarborough shoal as a protest to assert the Philippines' claim over the shoal. Faeldon also considered planting a Philippine flag on the shoal. On May 18, President Aquino, called Faeldon to dissuade him from pushing through his trip. According to Faeldon, even if his plan pushed through, his group did not intend to plant a flag, as opposed to earlier reports, or to fish in the area.

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« Reply #49 on: May 20, 2014, 11:49:24 AM »
Continued Chinese presence

Under a 2012 deal mediated by the United States, China and the Philippines promised to withdraw their forces from the shoal until a deal over its ownership could be reached. The Philippines complied with the agreement and withdrew. China, however, did not abide the agreement and maintained its presence at the shoal, effectively militarizing it. Philippine president Benigno S. Aquino III later compared China's behavior to Nazi Germany's annexation of Czechoslovakia.

By July 2012, China had erected a barrier to the entrance of the shoal, according to the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs. Since then, vessels belonging to the China Marine Surveillance and Fisheries Law Enforcement Command have been observed in the nearby disputed shoal and Chinese government vessels have been turning away Filipino vessels sailing to the area. In response, the Philippines has stated that it would be preparing to resend vessels to the shoal, in what has been described as a "cold standoff". By January 2014, China continued to maintain a presence within the shoal, among heightened tensions regarded a new law which requires non-Chinese fishing boats to seek permission from China when in the South China Sea, however Philippine fishing boats were able to fish around the shoal without Chinese interaction.

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« Reply #50 on: May 20, 2014, 11:52:16 AM »
International reaction

23px-Flag_of_Australia - China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas - Talk of the Town   Australia – Australia urged claimant nations to conform to international conventions and law for resolution. "We don't take a side on the various claims over the South China Sea. But we do, given our interest in the South China Sea, and given the fact that a large proportion of our trade travels through it, we do call on governments to clarify and pursue those claims and accompanying maritime rights in accordance with international law including the U.N. Law of the Sea Convention,"” Australian Foreign Minister Bob Carr said on May 12, who was in Shanghai to hold meetings primarily with Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi.

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« Reply #51 on: May 20, 2014, 11:53:32 AM »
23px-Flag_of_India - China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas - Talk of the Town  India – The Indian Ministry of External Affairs said that, "Maintenance of peace and security in the region is of vital interest to the international community. India urges both countries to exercise restraint and resolve the issue diplomatically according to principles of international law."


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« Reply #52 on: May 20, 2014, 11:59:06 AM »
23px-Flag_of_Malaysia - China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas - Talk of the Town  Malaysia – Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak stated that his country supports the Philippines' call for a “peaceful resolution” through a "multilateral solution" to the Scarborough shoal conflict.

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« Reply #53 on: May 20, 2014, 11:59:36 AM »
23px-Flag_of_Pakistan - China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas - Talk of the Town  Pakistan – Pakistan Ambassador to China Masood Khan said in an ambassador's forum in the China Women's University said that "Pakistan is with China" on the Scarborough shoal incident.

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« Reply #54 on: May 20, 2014, 12:00:00 PM »
23px-Flag_of_Russia - China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas - Talk of the Town  Russia – Russian Ambassador to Manila, Nikolay Kudashev reiterated that Russia supports bilateral solution among claimant countries and opposed the involvement of other nations in the South China Sea disputes. Kudashev also noted that Russia is not a party to the Scarborough shoal dispute and that his country wants to ensure freedom of navigation in the South China Sea. Kudashev also stated that,“The UNCLOS (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea) would provide a good and solid basis.”


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« Reply #55 on: May 20, 2014, 12:00:29 PM »
23px-Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China - China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas - Talk of the Town  Taiwan – Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou hoped that the conflict will be solved "peaceful manner" but he also reiterate that Taiwan "will still continue to uphold sovereign claims over the South China Sea.”

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« Reply #56 on: May 20, 2014, 12:01:10 PM »
23px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom - China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas - Talk of the Town   United Kingdom – British Prime Minister David Cameron stressed that the United Kingdom calls for a "peaceful resolution" to the Scarborough shoal conflict.

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« Reply #57 on: May 20, 2014, 12:01:32 PM »
23px-Flag_of_Vietnam - China, the Philippines and other countries, and the seas - Talk of the Town  Vietnam – Vietnamese Foreign Ministry Spokesman Luong Thanh Nghi said that Vietnam is "deeply concerned" over the Scarborough shoal incident. He stressed that "concerned parties need to practise restraint and peacefully resolve the disputes based on international law, particularly the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea in 1982 and the Declaration on Conduct of the Parties in the East Sea (DOC), to maintain peace, stability, security and maritime safety in the East Sea and region."


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« Reply #58 on: May 20, 2014, 12:04:38 PM »
ITLOS involvement

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) is an intergovernmental organization created by the mandate of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, with responsibility for the regulation of seabed mining beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, and with the power to settle disputes between party states. In May 2012, National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDF) leader Jorge Madlos said in a statement that, "Mindanao views the incursion of China in the West Philippine Sea, particularly in the Scarborough Shoal, as an infringement on the sovereign right and patrimony of the Filipino people. The Chinese government must immediately desist from taking injurious steps against the integrity of the Filipino people.", and urged both Chinese and Filipinos to pressure their respective governments in resolving the shoal dispute through diplomatic means before ITLOS.

In June 2013 it was reported that the Philippines had decided to bring the territorial row before the ITLOS after it had “exhausted all political and diplomatic avenues for a peaceful negotiated settlement of its maritime dispute with China.”, saying that it will ask the tribunal to declare China's claims as "invalid." China was reported to have formally rejected arbitration proceedings initiated by the Philippines. According to Annex VII of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), however, China's refusal will not necessarily impede the proceedings.

As of February 2014, the Philippines had not yet submitted a written pleading to ITLOS, and it was reported that China had offered mutual withdrawal from the shoal and other inducements if the Philippines would refrain from submitting a formal pleading, and that the Philippine position was, “With what's on the table, there's not enough.”

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« Reply #59 on: May 20, 2014, 12:24:49 PM »
As of February 2014, the Philippines had not yet submitted a written pleading to ITLOS[/b], and it was reported that China had offered mutual withdrawal from the shoal and other inducements if the Philippines would refrain from submitting a formal pleading, and that the Philippine position was, “With what's on the table, there's not enough.”
as of 30 march 2014, the philippines has submitted a memorial in its case against china. 

Defying China’s warnings, the Philippines on Sunday pressed ahead with the submission of a crucial arbitration document packed with evidence and legal arguments seeking to invalidate China’s massive claim over the South China Sea.

Ignoring a possible backlash from China, the Philippine government transmitted the document, called a “memorial” in international arbitration parlance, to the Netherlands-based Permanent Court of Arbitration where a five-member tribunal operating under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea will hear Manila’s complaint.

“Today, the Philippines submitted its memorial to the arbitral tribunal that is hearing the case it brought against the People’s Republic of China under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea,” Foreign Affairs Secretary Albert del Rosario told a news conference.

“With firm conviction, the ultimate purpose of our memorial is our national interest.”

Manila declined to release a copy of the memorial as it has yet to be reviewed by the court.

But Del Rosario said the document consists of “ten volumes with maps” with “nearly 4,000 pages” and will fortify the Philippine case, which seeks to declare China’s claim as illegal. A hard copy will be forwarded to the tribunal on Monday.

The document, he said, “contains the Philippine analysis of the applicable law and the relevant evidence, and demonstrates that the arbitral tribunal has jurisdiction over all the claims made by the Philippines.”

It will be used by the tribunal to determine if the Philippine case has legal merit under international law, and if the court has jurisdiction over it, Del Rosario said.

“Every claim is meritorious,” he said. “It sets out the specific relief sought by the Philippines in regard to each of its claims, and shows why it is entitled to such relief.”

“It is about seeking not just any kind of resolution but a just and durable solution grounded on international law,” he added. (http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/, march 30 2014)



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