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Muslim Raids On Bohol Coastal Towns
« on: June 12, 2007, 10:09:17 AM »
          After the Spaniards established their center of operation in Cebu, they started their plan of converting Bohol to Christianity. On November 17, 1595 two Jesuit priests, Fr. Juan de Torres and Fr. Gabriel Sanchez, left Cebu for Bohol to start the conversion in the village of Baclayon. Through hard work, patience and perseverance the duo succeeded in winning the natives confidence. With the people's help they built a big church like a fort with a belfry that served as a watchtower for spying the coming of the Muslims (Moros) raiders who userd to come and wreck havoc on the people. One such raid took place on October 16, 1600 when 300 Maguindanao Moros in 50 war boats led by Datu Sali and Datu Sirongan attacked Baclayon. Fortunately, through the church belfry their coming was made known 3 or 4 hours ahead and the people had time to run to the mountains for safety, except 3 old women and an old man who were too old to flee. They were killed and the Moros sailed away.

          One intriguing question is, what was the motive for these raids? Why did the Moros attack their Filipino brothers? One possible reason was to convert the Boholanos to Mohammedanism. Another plausible explanation was the policy of "divide and rule" adopted by the Spanish rulers. In pursuance of this policy, the Spaniards used Christians to fight their Muslim brothers. In 1578, for instance, Captain Esteban Rodriguez de Figuera invaded Jolo, using a few Spaniards and many Christian Filipinos for the purpose. Then in 1590 he used 1,500 Christian Filipinos and 214 Spaniards to attack the Muslims in Cotabato. But the Muslims were never conquered.

          Naturally the Muslims resented these attacks by the Christian Filipinos and, in retaliation, they conducted a series of raids against Christian towns in Bohol and in the Visayas, plundering and pillaging villages, abducting native villagers to be sold as slaves to Bornean Datus and Sultans. Because of its location, Bohol became one of the convenient targets of these retaliatory expeditions of the Muslims. These nefarious activities had been going on until the end of 18th century. The course of history is often deflected by trivial incidents. Here in this fortuitous encounter had the most far-reaching effects on the history of Bohol. (compiled by JHAD Computer Services)

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Re: Muslim Raids On Bohol Coastal Towns
« Reply #1 on: March 03, 2009, 09:54:45 PM »
James Warren writes that the raids were economic in nature. In fact, the southerners in his book were not called Muslims but Magindanaw, Balangingi, Laut, Illanon or Iranon, and Tiron (pl. Tirones). Thus the raids could not have been religious in nature.   The "mangdadagit" or "mangangayaw" swooped down on coastal communities of Mindanao up to Batanes not only to look for goods and gold but also to caputre ablebodied men who would work on their farms, dive for pearls, collect sea cucumbers and beeswax, etc.  All these they would trade with Europeans and Chinese. The other captives would row their "pangku" (boats);  the women served their royalty as maids or concubines; the younger captives were sometimes sold to Chinese merchants.  The raids were also done to fill a gap created by the Europeans who enslaved many of the Magindanaw, etc. some of whom they took with them to Europe or wherever they sailed.  The raiders were fierce warriors. I suspect that the word "Tirong" that the old folks use to warn misbehaving kids ("Hala, paglangas mo kay ipahaon jud mo sa Tirong.") was derived from "Tiron".       

     

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Re: Muslim Raids On Bohol Coastal Towns
« Reply #2 on: March 30, 2009, 06:11:42 PM »
In fact, the pangayaw was a historical thing among villages in the country.

The confederacy of Visayan states (PhiSayan) or Vijayans did not actually come as a solid wall against these raids.

I guess the same thing still happens now, its just that it comes in a more civilized manner and has a better name.

When boys of a place put up a team to play basketball in another town (mangdayo) that is still in essence pangayaw.

Honestly, one of the reasons i did it sometime was tpo scout for fairer women, and amazingly, most of us (team mates) were thinking alike.   

"If you can't convince them, confuse them."



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