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benham-rise-phils - Philippines should exercise sovereignty, assert rights on Benham Rise - Philippine Daily News
Philippines should exercise sovereignty, assert rights on Benham Rise
By Lilybeth G. Ison

MANILA, March 29 (PNA) -- Since Benham Rise is part of Philippine territory, Filipinos must exercise their sovereignty over the area and assert their rights.

"We must work together and exercise our sovereign rights to nurture and protect it -- a first step would be to declare Benham Bank as a ‘no-take’ zone, immediately protecting it from any exploitation," said Oceana Philippines vice president Gloria Estenzo Ramos in an interview with the Philippine News Agency at the sidelines of the launching of "Sagip Sardines" held Tuesday at Luxent Hotel in Quezon City.

As defined by National Geographic, "no take zones" are areas set aside by the government where no extractive activity is allowed. Extractive activities include fishing, hunting, logging, mining, drilling, and shell collecting.

"Benham Rise is part of Philippine territory. We must exercise our sovereignty over this area and assert our rights," she stressed.

According to earlier studies, Benham Rise, a 13-million hectare extended continental shelf located east of Luzon, is a resource-rich area and the only known breeding ground of the critically endangered Pacific bluefin tuna.

As such, Ramos proposed for the creation of a management framework for the undersea territory "to ensure the protection of this special place and the conservation of its marine resources."

"The immediate creation of a management framework to ensure the protection of this special place and the conservation of its marine resources is a compelling first step," said Ramos.

The Department of National Defense (DND) earlier reported that a Chinese vessel conducted an unsanctioned survey in the region, believed to be rich in both marine and mineral resources.

Benham Rise is an undersea territory located east of Luzon. It includes a 13-million hectare extended continental shelf validated in 2012 by the United Nations’ Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (UN CLCS) as the Philippines’ newest territory. This expanded the original region from 11.4-million hectares to 24.4-million hectares -- just under the total land area of the country, which currently stands at 30-million hectares.

The Philippine government has conducted numerous expeditions in the area to study its resources. In May 2016, Oceana Philippines joined government scientists from the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR), plus the University of the Philippines, Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) and Philippine Navy (PN) for an expedition to Benham Bank -- the shallowest portion of the Rise.

The expedition team reported an astounding 100 percent coral cover in the surveyed area -- extremely rare in the country and perhaps the only one -- plus a diverse assemblage of marine resources.

Marine scientists also documented a vast "mesophotic" or deep-sea reef ecosystem at minimum depths of 50 meters, which experts cited as a potential source and refuge for shallow reef fish and other marine organisms that can be affected by climate change.

"With 100 percent coral cover, Benham Rise is possibly the only place left in Philippine waters in such a pristine state. Further research should be done to ensure that the area is developed sustainably," said Ramos.

"We must work together and exercise our sovereign rights to nurture and protect it," she added. (PNA)

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