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Danao, Bohol, the birthplace of Dagohoy
« on: June 20, 2007, 01:07:49 PM »
This municipality was once the birthplace of the famed Boholano leader, Francisco Dagohoy. It was the place where he established his independent government and it also became a concentration camp for World War II prisoners during the Japanese occupation. It used to be a barrio of Talibon but it turned into a municipality by an Executive Order issued on March 16, 1961 by then Pres. Carlos P. Garcia. It was inaugurated as an independent municipality in July 9, 1961.

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brune

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Re: Danao, Bohol, the birthplace of Dagohoy
« Reply #1 on: February 26, 2008, 09:48:27 PM »
correct me if im wrong, Francisco Dagohoy was from Inabanga...

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Re: Danao, Bohol, the birthplace of Dagohoy
« Reply #2 on: March 10, 2008, 05:13:00 PM »
"Sa lahat ng mga indio, ang mga taga-Bohol ang pinaka-mabangis at pinaka-magiting..."
 SJ, Historia de la provincia de Philipinas de la compania de Jesus, Manila, 1747
Bohol’s (85 year Revolt) 85 years of Independence from Spanish Rule
      Francisco Dagohoy holds the distinction of having led the
longest revolt (1744-1829) in the Philippines.
 
      There are no available records that contain information about his parentage, birthday and boyhood.
 
      Dagohoy's brother, a constable, was requested by the Jesuit
Gaspar Morales, who was in charge of the disrict of Inabangan, Bohol to go after and bring back a renegade indio who had fled to the mountains. The renegade killed Constable Dagohoy instead. When he heard of his brother's death, Francisco went to the mountain and brought his brother's body back to the village so that it could be given a Christian burial. Great was the disappointment of Francisco when Father Morales, in whose service his brother had lost his life, refused.
 
The priest did not want to have the body buried in consecrated ground because he had been killed in a fight. Far three days the corpse remained unburied and rotting. Angered at this arbitrary and harsh treatment, Dagohoy swore vengeance on the Jesuits, and persuaded the natives of his district to join him. Soon he had about 3,000 men following him to the mountains. On their way they plundered a large and valuable Jesuit estate named San Xavier which was well stacked with cows, carabaos, horses, pigs, and other animals.
 
      In an inaccessible region in the mountains between Inabangan and Talibon, Dagohoy established his headquarters and proclaimed the independence of Bohol. Up there in the mountains, the revolutionaries established their headquarters, which they fortified with trenches of big rocks. Just like the way some upland farmers pile up big rocks on top of another in their farms. They also build dwellings for their families and cleared up some of the forest areas so that they can plant crops for their subsistence.
Since Dagohoy has experience in leading a community being a cabeza de barangay, it is safe to assume that he set some rules and norms to maintain peace and order in the new community. When the other Boholanos heard about the revolt, they expressed their sympathy by joining the revolutionaries or by supplying them with arms and money.

Dagohoy and his men sallied out in lightning raids on the lowland towns, assaulting the local Spanish garrisons, looting the churches, and slaughtering Spaniards, particularly the Jesuit priests. On January 24, 1745 one of Dagohoy's bold warriors killed Father Ciuseppe Lamberti, an italian Jesuit and parish priest of Jagna. Shortly after, the hated Father Morales was killed. Dagohoy's personal vengeance was fulfilled. But he continued his rebellion, for his armed movement was organized not merely to liquidate a personal enemy, but to regain the lost freedom of his people and to make his beloved Bohol once more a land of free men.

News of the remarkable success of Dagohoy worried the Spanish authorities in Manila. In 1747 Bishop Juan de Arrechederra, acting Governor-General of the Philippines (1745-1750), dispatched a punitive expedition to Bohol under the command of Don Pedro Lechuga. Commander Lechuga won a few skirmishes but failed to crush the rebellion. In desperation, he sent a commando unit into the mountains to kill or capture Dagohoy, his sister Gracia, and other leaders. The commandos returned empty-handed because they could not penetrate Dagohoy.s fortified stronghold

Perhaps the best indication of the importance and the success of this rebellion may be seen in the persistent efforts exerted by both the State and the Church to negotiate with Dagohoy. After the unsuccessful military attempts to suppress the revolt, it was the Churchs turn to make the effort. Bishop Espeleta of Cebu tried to persuade the rebels to give up their resistance by promising to secure a general amnesty, to find remedies for the abuses of government officials, and to assign secular priests instead of Jesuits to the Bohol parishes. The rebels refused the offer..
      The Recollects replaced the Jesuits, and Father Pedro de Santa Barbara, who was stationed in Baclayon, ascended the mountains to interview Dagohoy. He was welcomed and well treated, but Dagohoy courteously refused to give up Bohol's independence. Supplementing the peace efforts of the Recollects, Governor-General Jose Raon offered amnesty and pardon to Dagohoy and his followers if they would lay down their arms. Dagohoy spurned this offer, saying that his people were enjoying the good life of a free people.
The revolt continued. By 1770, five years before the waging of the American War for Independence against Great Britain, there were already about 30,000 revolutionaries in Bohol.
   From 1744 to 1829, a long period of 85 years, the Boholanos successfully maintained their independence and preserved it with fierce courage and flaming partriotism. It seemed probable that Dagohoy died before the year 1829 in his mountain kingdom either of old age or of sickness. His followers, imbued by his indomitable courage and fearless heroism carried on the fight for independence. Twenty Spanish governors-general, from Gaspar de la Torre (1739-1745) to Mariano Ricafort (1825-1830), failed to suppress the libertarian struggle.
 
      The death of Dagohoy greatly weakened the cause of the Boholanos. Governor Ricafort, an able and energetic administrator, exerted efforts to conquer the island of Bohol. He dispatched strong expeditions to the island in May, 1827 and in April, 1828. The following year, Captain Manuel Sent, a veteran Spanish soldier conducted the last drive against the Bohol patriots.

Missing Dagohoy's excellent leadership, the Boholanos made their last stand in the mountain of Boasa. Two brave brothers named Handog and Auag, commanded the patriots.
Fighting with desperate courage, the indomitable Boholanos resisted the enemy, whose heavy artillery pieces caused much havoc to their fortifications and took a terrible toll of human lives. Wearied by the ceaseless combat, weakened by hunger and thirst, and depleted in numerical strength, they made their last stand in the mountain of Boasa under the command of the valiant brothers, Handog and Auag. They also had three lieutenants who must have taken their place and at least one of them probably lived to the time of the surrender. They were Ignacio Aranez, Pedro Bagio and Bernabe Samonte.

By August 31, 1829, they fought their last battle and were crushed by Spain.s superior arms. The survivors fled into the forest, where they grimly continued to carry on their hopeless cause
The revolt ended formally on August 31, 1829. Manuel Sanz, commander of the Spanish forces, officially reported that 3,000 Boholanos escaped to other islands, 19,420 surrendered, 395 died in battle, 98 were exiled and around ten thousand revolutionaries were resettled in the areas of Balilihan, Batuan, Bilar, Cabulao and Catigbian. These figures all point to the fact that the revolt was widespread in the province, hence, it was not simply a Dagohoy revolt. Dagohoy started it and continued to be a source of inspiration to his comrades even after his death. But it was a Boholano revolution against Spain.
       Governor Ricafort, himself a brave soldier, admired the fighting spirit of Dagohoy's men. With magnanimity, he pardoned them and allowed them to live in peace in the lowland villages, now the towns of Batuan, Balilihan, Catigbian, and Pilar.
 
      During the 85 years of Bohol's independence, the patriotic Boholanos lived as free and sovereign people. They did not render forced labor nor pay tribute. They suffered neither racial discrimination nor social humiliation from the hands of the Spaniards. Dagohoy was able to maintain a government. His rule was firm and just. He was obeyed and, respected by his people. Governing like the datus of the pre-Spanish era, he was the chief executive, the supreme judge, and the military generalissimo. He was assisted by the old men in peace affairs and by the military captains in war matters


Main References:
Agoncillo, Teodoro A. History of the Filipino People. GAROTECH Publishing, 1990 (8th Edition).
Constantino, Renato. The Philippines: A Past Revisited. Tala Publishing Series, 1975.
Zaide, Gregorio F. Great Filipinos in History: An Epic of Filipino Greatness in War and Peace. Verde Bookstore, 1970.
Zaide, Gregorio. Dagohoy: Champion of Philippine Freedom. Manila: Enriquez, Alduan and Co., 1941.
The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898, by Emma Helen Blair & James A. Robertson, 1903, Bank of the Philippine Islands commemorative CD, 1998

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Re: Danao, Bohol, the birthplace of Dagohoy
« Reply #3 on: February 09, 2009, 08:58:23 AM »
Danao diay ang birthplace in Francisco Dagohoy? Its worthy to be honored as the national hero of Bohol. Wala man koy nagdungog nga celebration nga Dagohoy day
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Re: Danao, Bohol, the birthplace of Dagohoy
« Reply #4 on: February 09, 2009, 10:33:59 AM »
basi'g wa pod sila kabalo...lol
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Re: Danao, Bohol, the birthplace of Dagohoy
« Reply #5 on: February 19, 2009, 09:24:13 AM »
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Re: Danao, Bohol, the birthplace of Dagohoy
« Reply #6 on: February 19, 2009, 09:52:55 AM »
We would like to hear words from Ms Bambi a distant relative of Dagohoy, hala ms bams pakita na!
Consider pleasures as they depart, Not as they come.

talboh

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Re: Danao, Bohol, the birthplace of Dagohoy
« Reply #7 on: May 25, 2009, 07:13:13 PM »
basin tga inabanga nis dagohoy kay kadtong akong classmate sauna nga si Ronald Sendrijas( he may rest in  peace) a former seminarian nga nahimo pud rebelde, taga Inabanga man. Sendrijas man daw apelyedo ni Dagohoy.



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