veryhot_post - El Niño, 2014 - Philippine Business News Author Topic: El Niño, 2014  (Read 1130 times)

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El Niño, 2014
« on: May 21, 2014, 04:56:09 PM »
Prayers sought as El Niño will spawn drought, stronger typhoons

Bayan Muna hits gov’t for ‘myopic’ stopgap measures vs weather abnormalities

By Liza Jocson and Allan Nawal
Inquirer Mindanao


300x225xdrought-300x225 - El Niño, 2014 - Philippine Business News

ZAMBOANGA CITY, Philippines—Zamboanga Archbishop Romulo dela Cruz has urged the people to pray more as the country will be facing typhoons as well as periods of drought brought by the El Niño phenomenon in 2014.

“Maybe the people need to pray more instead of declaring an Oratio Imperata because already the Pagasa (Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration) said there will be as many typhoons this year,” Dela Cruz said.

The city is 44th on the list of areas expected to be hit by the prolonged dry spell.

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Re: El Niño, 2014
« Reply #1 on: May 21, 2014, 04:58:54 PM »
But the state weather bureau said while it expected the El Niño to make its presence felt starting in June, stronger storms that could bring rains to various areas of the country would also occur toward the end of the year.

“However, El Niño causes the behavior of tropical cyclones to become erratic, affecting its tracks and intensity. The tropical cyclone tracks are expected to shift northward and its intensity could become stronger,” Pagasa said in an earlier advisory.

El Niño is characterized by unusually warm ocean surface temperatures in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific (CEEP), according to Pagasa.

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Re: El Niño, 2014
« Reply #2 on: May 21, 2014, 05:00:03 PM »
This early, the agency said that it already noted a significant increase in sea surface temperature from 0.2 to 0.4 Celsius between April 21 and April 28 alone.

Pagasa said El Niño could persist up to the first quarter of 2015.

The recital of Oratio Imperata was the subject of a circular issued by Catholic Bishops of the Philippines (CBCP) President and Lingayen-Dagupan Archbishop Socrates Villegas.

In his circular issued early this month, Villegas urged dioceses to say the obligatory prayer from May 15 to September 29.

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Re: El Niño, 2014
« Reply #3 on: May 21, 2014, 05:01:32 PM »
However, Dela Cruz urged Catholics to take the initiative of praying more as the El Niño would spawn not only months of droughts but days of stronger cyclones.

“So is there a need for an Oratio Imperata? Maybe the people need to pray more instead of declaring an Oratio Imperata,” he said.

Oratio Imperata is defined as “a set of Roman Catholic invocative prayers consisting of a liturgical action and a short, general prayer which the local ordinary or prelate of the church may publicly pray when a grave need or calamity occurs.”

It is primarily decreed against natural calamities. The prayers are recited after communion or after the conclusion of the Holy Mass.

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Re: El Niño, 2014
« Reply #4 on: May 21, 2014, 05:01:57 PM »
But the approval to recite the Oratio Imperata was known to be difficult to obtain on a diocesan level. In most cases, it should be demanded by a large number of Catholics.

Bayan Muna Partylist Representative Neri Colmenares said El Niño, being “quasi-seasonal in nature,” … “has been foreseen long before it happens.”

He said the government should have prepared for it long ago by formulating plans for irrigation, crop planting decisions, seed selection, and fertilizer application to mitigate the impact of the drought.

Colmenares said in an emailed statement that the government’s normal stop gap measures to address El Niño, including “expensive” cloud seeding and rice importation, as “very myopic” and “should be changed.”

“Instead, the government needs to build a strong agricultural base that would start from planting to post-harvest facilities, including rehabilitated irrigation system,” he said.

http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/

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Re: El Niño, 2014
« Reply #5 on: May 21, 2014, 05:22:29 PM »
Oratio Imperata[/b] is defined as “a set of Roman Catholic invocative prayers consisting of a liturgical action and a short, general prayer which the local ordinary or prelate of the church may publicly pray when a grave need or calamity occurs.”
Oratio Imperata

220px-Lorenzo_Lotto_019 - El Niño, 2014 - Philippine Business News
Invocative prayers invoked by a Catholic bishop. Fresco by Italian Artist Lorenzo Lotto, Suardi, Italy. Circa 1524.

Oratio Imperata (Latin: Obligatory Prayer) is a set of Roman Catholic invocative prayers consisting of a liturgical action and a short, general prayer which the local ordinary or prelate of the church may publicly pray when a grave need or calamity occurs.

Common reasons for the religious invocation of the prayer are natural calamities such as storms, snow and drought while rare circumstances which merit the prayer are wars, plague and the disruption of public peace in society. The prayers are customarily invoked by an Archdiocese on behalf of overwhelming popular requests, and is authorised by a high-ranking prelate or Metropolitan Archbishop.

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Re: El Niño, 2014
« Reply #6 on: May 21, 2014, 05:25:09 PM »
History

The customary tradition of reciting such prayers are rooted in Apostolic age, when lay people asked the help and assistance of their bishops in the time of natural calamity, war or any grave public danger to society. In the Middle Ages, various saints (i.e. Saint Isidore the Farmer were invoked for the assistance of granting rain while Saint Roque was invoked for dire calamities and the black plague.)

In the present Roman Catholic discipline, any collect prayers from the Holy Mass may be prescribed by the local ordinary as this type of prayer. The prayer itself cannot be a permanent religious recitation, but rather only for used for a short period of time of need. The prayers are often recited post-communion or after the conclusion or final benediction of the Holy Mass. When the prayer itself is asked, composed, or canonically authorised by the Pope, it can also merit a plenary indulgence.

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Re: El Niño, 2014
« Reply #7 on: May 21, 2014, 05:33:45 PM »
The invocative prayers prescribed as Oratio Imperata are:

    -Must only be composed of one, singular prayer

    -Must be primarily addressed to a personage of the Holy Trinity, not directly to any interceding angel, saint, or a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    -Must be prayed and recited by all Catholic priests celebrating Holy Mass in their respective churches and oratories, as well as exempted ones of the diocese

    -Can never said under a single conclusion with the collect of the Holy Mass, but after the Mass is concluded

    -Is prohibited on all first and second class of liturgical days, in votive Masses of the 1st and 2nd class, in sung Masses, and when the all have been met on that particular day

    -An oratio imperata for the deceased is said only on Ferias of the Fourth Class and in low votive or Requiem Masses of the Class IV

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Re: El Niño, 2014
« Reply #8 on: May 21, 2014, 05:34:21 PM »
In very rare cases of enduring public calamities lasting a longer time, (i,e. national war, calamitous plague, etc), the local ordinary may indeed impose a suitable Oratio Imperata for an extended period:

    -May only be recited during Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays

    -Is prohibited on the same days twice, or in the same days coinciding with relevant liturgical days

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Re: El Niño, 2014
« Reply #9 on: May 21, 2014, 05:35:05 PM »
Difficulty of approval

At times, the approval to recite the prayers on a diocesan level have been known to be difficult to obtain, usually causing the faithful to rather demand in large numbers to an Archdiocese to release an Oratio Imperata. The most commonly authorised prayer is Oratio Imperata Ad Fluviam Petendam, in hopes of asking for rain in times of severe drought. Another one is Oratio Imperata Ad Calamitam et Bellonam, for casualties of war.

In the Republic of the Philippines, the release of such prayers is often requested during monsoon season and is primarily reported in various television and media outlets.

Within the Archdiocese of Los Angeles in June 2008, a special prayer for the request of more priestly vocations merited the request for the prayers, recited post-communion during Sunday Masses in the San Fernando Valley but was prohibited in being prayed during weekly masses.

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Re: El Niño, 2014
« Reply #10 on: August 01, 2014, 08:21:28 PM »
El Nino is affected by global warming
Life is what you make.
Kon naa kay gisoksok, naa kay makuot.

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