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The Fall Of Man
« on: August 26, 2013, 09:42:26 PM »
From Wikipedia


300px-Temptation_Adam_Eva - The Fall Of Man - Bible Study
Adam, Eve, and a female serpent at the entrance to Notre Dame de Paris


In Christian doctrine, the fall of man, or the fall, was the transition of the first humans from a state of innocent obedience to God to a state of guilty disobedience to God. Though not named in the Bible, the concept for the Fall comes from Genesis chapter 3. At first, Adam and Eve live with God in the Garden of Eden, but the serpent tempts them into eating the fruit from the tree of knowledge of good and evil, which God forbade. After doing so, they became ashamed of their nakedness and God expelled them from the Garden to prevent them from eating the Tree of life and becoming immortal.

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Re: The Fall Of Man
« Reply #1 on: August 26, 2013, 09:42:59 PM »
Many Christian denominations believe that the fall corrupted the entire natural world, including human nature, causing people to be born into original sin, a state from which they cannot attain eternal life without the gracious intervention of God. Calvinist Protestants believe that Jesus gave his life as a sacrifice for the elect, so they may be redeemed from their sin. In other religions, such as Judaism, Islam, and Gnosticism, the term "the fall" is not recognised and varying interpretations of the Eden narrative are presented. The term "prelapsarian" refers to the sin-free state of humanity prior to the fall.

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Re: The Fall Of Man
« Reply #2 on: August 26, 2013, 09:43:58 PM »
Origins

Genesis 3

The concept of the fall of man is extrapolated from Christian exegesis of Genesis 3. According to the narrative, God creates Adam and Eve, the first man and woman, in His own image. God places them in the Garden of Eden and forbids them to eat fruit from the tree of knowledge of good and evil (often symbolised in European art and literature as an apple tree). The serpent tempts Eve to eat fruit from the forbidden tree. Eve shares the fruit with Adam and they immediately become ashamed of their nakedness. Subsequently, God banishes Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden, and places cherubim to guard the entrance, so that Adam and Eve will not eat from the Tree of Life.

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Re: The Fall Of Man
« Reply #3 on: August 26, 2013, 09:46:03 PM »
Babylonian legend

The cylinder seal, known as the Temptation seal, from the post-Akkadian period in Mesopotamia (c. 22nd century BCE), has been linked to the Adam and Eve story. Assyriologist George Smith (1840–1876) describes the seal as having two figures (male and female) on each side of a tree, holding out their hands to the fruit, while at the back of one is a serpent, giving evidence that the Fall of man legend was known in early times of Babylonia.

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Re: The Fall Of Man
« Reply #4 on: August 26, 2013, 09:47:20 PM »
Interpretations

Immortality

According to the Genesis narrative, during the Antediluvian age, human longevity approached a millennium, such as the case of Adam who lived 930 years. Christian exegetes of Genesis 2:9, On the day that you eat of it, you will die, have applied the Day-year principle to explain how Adam died within a "day". Given these conditions, it has led some to believe that God may have intended for Adam and Eve to be immortal. Thus, to "die" has been interpreted as to become mortal.

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Re: The Fall Of Man
« Reply #5 on: August 26, 2013, 09:49:00 PM »
400px-Michelangelo_S%C3%BCndenfall - The Fall Of Man - Bible Study
The fall depicted in the Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo

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Re: The Fall Of Man
« Reply #6 on: August 26, 2013, 09:50:05 PM »
Original sin

Catholic exegesis of Genesis 3 claims that the fall of man was a primeval event, where the crime took place at the beginning of the history of man." This first sin was "transmitted" by Adam and Eve to all of their descendants as original sin, causing humans to be "subject to ignorance, suffering and the dominion of death, and inclined to sin." Baptism is considered to erase original sin, though the effects on human nature remain, and for this reason the Catholic Church baptizes even infants who have not committed any personal sin. Although the state of corruption, inherited by humans after the primeval event of Original Sin, is clearly called guilt or sin, it is understood as a sin acquired by the unity of all humans in Adam rather than a personal responsibility of humanity. Even children partake in the guilt or sin of Adam, but not in the responsibility of Original Sin, as sin is always a personal act.

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Re: The Fall Of Man
« Reply #7 on: August 26, 2013, 09:50:50 PM »
The Eastern Orthodoxy rejects the idea that the guilt of original sin is passed down through generations. It bases its teaching in part on the passage Ezekiel 18:20 that says a son is not guilty of the sins of his father. The Church teaches that, in addition to their conscience and tendency to do good, men and women are born with a tendency to sin due to the fallen condition of the world. It follows Maximus the Confessor and others in characterising the change in human nature as the introduction of a "deliberative will" (θέλημα γνωμικόν) in opposition to the "natural will" (θέλημα φυσικόν) created by God which tends toward the good. Thus according to St Paul in his epistle to the Romans, non-Christians can still act according to their conscience. Nonetheless, as a consequence of Adam's sin, seen merely as the prototype (since human nature has been degraded) of all future sinners, each of whom, in repeating Adam’s sin, bears responsibility only for his own sins, humans became mortal. Adam's sin isn't comprehended only as disobedience to God's commandment, but as a change in man's hierarchy of values from theocentricism to anthropocentrism, driven by the object of his lust, outside of God, in this case the tree which was seen to be "good for food", and something "to be desired" (see also theosis, seeking union with God).

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Re: The Fall Of Man
« Reply #8 on: August 26, 2013, 09:52:07 PM »
Other traditions

In Gnosticism, the snake is thanked for bringing knowledge to Adam and Eve, and thereby freeing them from the Demiurge's control. The Demiurge banished Adam and Eve, because man was now a threat.

Ancient Greek mythology held that humanity was immortal during the Golden Age[citation needed]. When Prometheus gave the gift of fire to humans, helping them live through times of cold weather, the gods were angered. They gave Pandora a box and told her not to open it, knowing full well that her curiosity would get the better of her. When she opened the box, she released evil (death, sorrow, plague) into the world due to her curiosity. See Ages of Man for more.

In classic Zoroastrianism, humanity is created to withstand the forces of decay and destruction through good thoughts, words and deeds. Failure to do so actively leads to misery for the individual and for his family. This is also the moral of many of the stories of the Shahnameh, the key text of Persian mythology.



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The Fall of Man

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