normal_post - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer Author Topic: What is Confucianism?  (Read 523 times)

Lorenzo

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_240_1418794287 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
  • Posts: 54226
  • medal1 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal2 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal3 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal4 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal5 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal6 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
  • Be the change you want to see in the world...
    • Share Post
xx - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
What is Confucianism?
« on: February 06, 2013, 03:45:53 PM »
What is Confucianism?

Linkback: https://tubagbohol.mikeligalig.com/index.php?topic=66619.0

Lorenzo

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_240_1418794287 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
  • Posts: 54226
  • medal1 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal2 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal3 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal4 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal5 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal6 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
  • Be the change you want to see in the world...
    • Share Post
xx - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
Re: What is Confucianism?
« Reply #1 on: February 06, 2013, 03:46:18 PM »
Confucianism is a philosophical school developed from the teachings of the sage collected in the Analects of Confucius. It is a system of moral, social, political, and religious thought that has had tremendous influence on Chinese history, thought, and culture down to the 21st century. Some Westerners have considered it to have been the "state religion" of imperial China. Its influence also spread to Korea and Japan.

The major Confucian concepts include rén (humanity or humaneness), zhèngmíng (rectification of names; e.g. a ruler who rules unjustly is no longer a ruler and may be dethroned), zhōng (loyalty), xiào (filial piety), and lǐ (ritual). Confucius taught both positive and negative versions of the Golden Rule. The concepts Yin and Yang represent two opposing forces that are permanently in conflict with each other, leading to perpetual contradiction and change. The Confucian idea of "Rid of the two ends, take the middle" is a Chinese equivalent of Hegel's idea of "thesis, antithesis, and synthesis", which is a way of reconciling opposites, arriving at some middle ground combining the best of both.


Reference:
wikipedia

Lorenzo

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_240_1418794287 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
  • Posts: 54226
  • medal1 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal2 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal3 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal4 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal5 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal6 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
  • Be the change you want to see in the world...
    • Share Post
xx - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
Re: What is Confucianism?
« Reply #2 on: February 06, 2013, 03:48:39 PM »
confucius_quotes_1 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
An image of the Chinese sage, Confucius.

8)

Lorenzo

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_240_1418794287 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
  • Posts: 54226
  • medal1 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal2 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal3 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal4 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal5 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal6 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
  • Be the change you want to see in the world...
    • Share Post
xx - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
Re: What is Confucianism?
« Reply #3 on: February 06, 2013, 03:51:20 PM »
Confucian ethics is characterized by the promotion of virtues, encompassed by the Five Constants, or the Wuchang (五常), extrapolated by Confucian scholars during the Han Dynasty. The five virtues are:


    Rén (仁, Humaneness)

    Yì (義, Righteousness or Justice)

    Lǐ (禮, Propriety or Etiquette)

    Zhì (智, Knowledge)

    Xìn (ä¿¡, Integrity)




Lorenzo

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_240_1418794287 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
  • Posts: 54226
  • medal1 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal2 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal3 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal4 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal5 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal6 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
  • Be the change you want to see in the world...
    • Share Post
xx - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
Re: What is Confucianism?
« Reply #4 on: February 06, 2013, 03:54:05 PM »
1. Ren

Ren is one of the basic virtues promoted by Confucius, and is an obligation of altruism and humaneness for other individuals within a community. Confucius' concept of humaneness (Chinese: 仁; pinyin: rén) is probably best expressed in the Confucian version of the ethic of reciprocity, or the Golden Rule: "Do not do unto others what you would not have them do unto you."

Rén also has a political dimension. If the ruler lacks rén, Confucianism holds, it will be difficult if not impossible for his subjects to behave humanely. Rén is the basis of Confucian political theory: it presupposes an autocratic ruler, exhorted to refrain from acting inhumanely towards his subjects. An inhumane ruler runs the risk of losing the "Mandate of Heaven", the right to rule. A ruler lacking such a mandate need not be obeyed. But a ruler who reigns humanely and takes care of the people is to be obeyed strictly, for the benevolence of his dominion shows that he has been mandated by heaven. Confucius himself had little to say on the will of the people, but his leading follower Mencius did state on one occasion that the people's opinion on certain weighty matters should be considered.


Reference:
Wikipedia

Lorenzo

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_240_1418794287 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
  • Posts: 54226
  • medal1 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal2 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal3 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal4 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal5 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answermedal6 - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
  • Be the change you want to see in the world...
    • Share Post
xx - What is Confucianism?  - Question and Answer
Re: What is Confucianism?
« Reply #5 on: February 06, 2013, 03:56:33 PM »
2. Li


In Confucianism, the term "li" (Chinese: 禮; pinyin: lǐ), sometimes translated into English as rituals, customs, rites, etiquette, or morals, refers to any of the secular social functions of daily life, akin to the Western term for culture. Confucius considered education and music as various elements of li. Li were codified and treated as a comprehensive system of norms, guiding the propriety or politeness which colors everyday life. Confucius himself tried to revive the etiquette of earlier dynasties.

It is important to note that, although li is sometimes translated as "ritual" or "rites", it has developed a specialized meaning in Confucianism, as opposed to its usual religious meanings. In Confucianism, the acts of everyday life are considered rituals. Rituals are not necessarily regimented or arbitrary practices, but the routines that people often engage in, knowingly or unknowingly, during the normal course of their lives. Shaping the rituals in a way that leads to a content and healthy society, and to content and healthy people, is one purpose of Confucian philosophy.



Share via facebook Share via linkedin Share via pinterest Share via tumblr Share via twitter
 

SMF spam blocked by CleanTalk
Powered by SMFPacks SEO Pro Mod | Sitemap
Mobile View
SimplePortal 2.3.7 © 2008-2019, SimplePortal