Lazada Philippines aff_i?offer_id=3127&file_id=94990&aff_id=150634 - Does it pay to be a Cadre ? estimating the returns to being a local official in rural China - Spying the Internet

normal_post - Does it pay to be a Cadre ? estimating the returns to being a local official in rural China - Spying the Internet Author Topic: Does it pay to be a Cadre ? estimating the returns to being a local official in rural China  (Read 314 times)

MIKELIGALIG.com

  • FOUNDER
  • Webmaster
  • *****
  • avatar_1382_1499847132 - Does it pay to be a Cadre ? estimating the returns to being a local official in rural China - Spying the Internet
  • Posts: 23074
  • medal1 - Does it pay to be a Cadre ? estimating the returns to being a local official in rural China - Spying the Internetmedal2 - Does it pay to be a Cadre ? estimating the returns to being a local official in rural China - Spying the Internetmedal3 - Does it pay to be a Cadre ? estimating the returns to being a local official in rural China - Spying the Internet
  • NEED A WEBSITE? email me: info@mikeligalig.com
    • Share Post
Does it pay to be a Cadre ? estimating the returns to being a local official in rural China

Recruiting and retaining leaders and public servants at the grass-roots level in developing countries creates a potential tension between providing sufficient returns to attract talent and limiting the scope for excessive rent-seeking behavior. In China, researchers have frequently argued that village cadres, who are the lowest level of administrators in rural areas, exploit personal political status for economic gain. Much existing research, however, compares the earnings of cadre and non-cadre households in rural China without controlling for unobserved dimensions of ability that are also correlated with success as entrepreneurs or in non-agricultural activities. The findings of this paper suggest a measurable return to cadre status, but the magnitudes are not large and provide only a modest incentive to participate in village-level government. The paper does not find evidence that households of village cadres earn significant rents from having a family member who is a cadre. Given the increasing returns to non-agricultural employment since China's economic reforms began, it is not surprising that the returns to working as a village cadre have also increased over time. Returns to cadre-status are derived both from direct compensation and subsidies for cadres and indirectly through returns earned in off-farm employment from businesses and economic activities managed by villages.

Source: Does it pay to be a Cadre ? estimating the returns to being a local official in rural China

Linkback: https://tubagbohol.mikeligalig.com/index.php?topic=56864.0
Romans 10:9-10
"If you declare with your mouth, Jesus is Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you profess your faith and are saved."

Get FREE 500GB cloud storage:
https://www.pcloud.com/welcome-to-pcloud/?discountcode=fDiE7jtC01VPbCIygaM67jZV

pCloud Premium


Share via facebook Share via linkedin Share via pinterest Share via tumblr Share via twitter

 

Booking.com

Latest Topics

The Sayings of the Buddha by balong
[Yesterday at 11:46:42 PM]


Pre-eminence cheap output medicament by Zraigcam
[Yesterday at 01:15:33 PM]


Tidiness stingy product instruction by Jazesson
[Yesterday at 12:54:07 PM]


Improve Patient Experience by MIKELIGALIG.com
[April 23, 2019, 04:40:53 PM]


Spine Clinic in America by MIKELIGALIG.com
[April 23, 2019, 04:39:06 PM]


Talent and Ventures Firm by MIKELIGALIG.com
[April 23, 2019, 04:37:43 PM]


Customizable Textbook Solution by MIKELIGALIG.com
[April 23, 2019, 04:35:54 PM]


Time, labor management, and scheduling solutions by MIKELIGALIG.com
[April 23, 2019, 04:34:08 PM]


Digital Marketing Agency by MIKELIGALIG.com
[April 23, 2019, 04:32:55 PM]


expediting passports and visas for busy travelers by MIKELIGALIG.com
[April 23, 2019, 04:30:55 PM]

SMF spam blocked by CleanTalk
pCloud Premium
Powered by SMFPacks SEO Pro Mod | Sitemap
Mobile View
SimplePortal 2.3.7 © 2008-2019, SimplePortal