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Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« on: June 06, 2007, 03:23:25 AM »
Francisco Dagohoy holds the distinction of having led the longest revolt (1744-1829) in the Philippines.


         There are no available records that contain information about his parentage, birthday and boyhood.

         Dagohoy's brother, a constable, was requested by the Jesuit.

         Gaspar Morales, who was in charge of the disrict of Inabangan, Bohol to go after and bring back a renegade indio who had fled to the mountains. The renegade killed Constable Dagohoy instead. When he heard of his brother's death, Francisco went to the mountain and brought his brother's body back to the village so that it could be given a Christian burial. Great was the disappointment of Francisco when Father Morales, in whose service his brother had lost his life, refused.

        The priest did not want to have the body buried in consecrated ground because he had been killed in a fight. Far three days the corpse remained unburied and rotting. Angered at this arbitrary and harsh treatment, Dagohoy swore vengeance on the Jesuits, and persuaded the natives of his district to join him. Soon he had about 3,Q00 men following him to the mountains. On their way they plundered a large and valuable Jesuit estate named San Xavier which was well stacked with cows, carabaos, horses? pigs, and other animals.

          In an inaccessible region in the mountains between Inabangan and Talibon, Dagohoy established his headquarters and proclaimed the independence of Bohol. Under his direction and supervision, the Boholano patriots fortified their stronghold with. trenches of big rocks. They built numerous dwellings for the families who joined their cause and cleared the surrounding forest to plant food crops. They plundered the lowlands for their other necessities.

          Dagohoy and his men sallied out in lightning raids on the lowland towns, assaulting the local Spanish garrisons, looting the churches, and slaughtering Spaniards, particularly the Jesuit priests. On January 24, 1745 one of Dagohoy's bold warriors killed Father Ciuseppe Lamberti, an italian Jesuit and parish priest of Jagna. Shortly after, the hated Father Morales was killed. Dagohoy's personal vengeance was fulfilled. But he continued his rebellion, for his armed movement was organized not merely to liquidate a personal enemy, but to regain the lost freedom of his people and to make his beloved Bohol once more a land of free men.

          The Spanish authorities were worried by the remarkable successes of Dagohoy. In 1747 Bishop Juan de Arrechedera of Manila, then acting governor-general, dispatched a Spanish expedition to Bohol under the command of Don Pedro Lechuga Dagohoy resisted this expedition and forced it to withdraw to Zamboanga. Later Bishop Line de Espeleta of Cebu, who became acting archbishop and governor-general, tried to pacify the rebels. But Dagohoy refused to listen to him The flames of rebellion rose higher than ever.

          The Recollects replaced the Jesuits, and Father Pedro de Santa Barbara, who was stationed in Baclayon, ascended the mountains to interview Dagohoy. He was welcomed and well treated, but Dagohoy courteously refused to give up Bohol's independence. Supplementing the peace efforts of the Recollects, Governor-General Jose Raon offered amnesty and pardon to Dagohoy and his followers if they would lay down their arms. Dagohoy spurned this offer, saying that his people were enjoying the good life of a free people.

          From 1744 to 1829, a long period of 85 years, the Boholanos successfully maintained their independence and preserved it with fierce courage and flaming partriotism. It seemed probable that Dagohoy died before the year 1829 in his mountain kingdom either of old age or of sickness. His followers, imbued by his indomitable courage and fearless heroism carried on the fight for independence. Twenty Spanish governors-general, from Gaspar de la Torre (1739-1745) to Mariano Ricafort (1825-1830), failed to suppress the libertarian struggle.

          The death of Dagohoy greatly weakened the cause of the Boholanos. Governor Ricafort, an able and energetic administrator, exerted efforts to conquer the island of Bohol. He dispatched strong expeditions to the island in May, 1827 and in April, 1828. The following year, Captain Manuel Sent, a veteran Spanish soldier conducted the last drive against the Bohol patriots.

          Missing Dagohoy's excellent leadership, the Boholanos made their last stand in the mountain of Boasa. Two brave brothers named Handog and Auag, commanded the patriots. They resisted the enemy with extreme courage, but their efforts were in vain. They also had three lieutenants who must have taken their place and at least one of them probably lived to the time of the surrender. They were Ignacio Aranez, Pedro Bagio and Bernabe Samonte. By August 31, 1829, the last flames of the rebellion were put out. Dagohoy's survivors agreed to recognize Spain's rule once more.

          According to Captain Sanz's combat report, 19,420 Boholanos surrendered while 3,000 fled to other provinces. More than 400 Bohol lanes died in action during the last battle.

          Governor Ricafort, himself a brave soldier, admired the fighting spirit of Dagohoy's men. With magnanimity, he pardoned them and allowed them to live in peace in the lowland villages, now the towns of Batuan, Balilihan, Catigbian, and Pilar.

          During the 85 years of Bohol's independence, the patriotic Boholanos lived as free and sovereign people. They did not render forced labor nor pay tribute. They suffered neither racial discrimination nor social humiliation from the hands of the Spaniards. Dagohoy was able to maintain a government. His rule was firm and just. He was obeyed and, respected by his people. Governing like the datus of the pre-Spanish era, he was the chief executive, the supreme judge, and the military generalissimo. He was assisted by the old men in peace affairs and by the military captains in war matters.

          A historical marker on Dagohoy's grave in the mountain fastness of Danao, Bohol has been installed in his honor.

Note: Thanks to Capitan Berong for the link to this archive.


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Melrose

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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #1 on: July 28, 2007, 04:41:00 PM »
according to our family tree, i'm a direct descendant of dagohoy. ika-9th generation. hehehe! kitang tanan, parente ra man tingali ta!

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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #2 on: August 29, 2007, 08:18:56 PM »

Gwapo diay to si Dagohoy.

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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #3 on: August 29, 2007, 09:02:18 PM »
trsmdago - Who is Francisco Dagohoy? - General Topic

 Francisco Dagohoy  
 
Dagohoy's real name is Francisco Sendrijas. He is a native of Inabanga, Bohol. Historians believe that his alias was derived from a belief that he had an amulet or “anting-anting” in the Tagalog language and “dagon” on the Cebuano dialect, that protected him from being harmed by his enemies. The people believed that he possessed the charm of a gentle wind or “hoyohoy” in the Cebuano dialect that allowed him to jump from one hill to another and from one side of the river to the other. He was believed to have a clear vision inside dark caves and be invisible whenever and wherever he wants to. The Dagohoy surname was derived from his local alias “Dagon sa hoyohoy.”

He led the longest revolt against the Spaniards. His struggle against the Spaniards was provoked when his older brother named Sagarino, who was then working for the church authorities, was asked to accompany a fugitive from the mountains. Sagarino failed to return. His body was recovered by Dagohoy in the mountains after a few days. The priest, who was Sagarino’s employer, refused to give Dagohoy’s brother a proper burial because he did not receive the sacrament of extreme unction prior to his death.

Dagohoy vowed to exact revenge on his brother’s untimely death. He did not obey the forced labor law implemented during the Spanish period. He encouraged the people to fight for their rights, defeat oppression and walk to the path of freedom. He was able to convince about three thousand Boholanos to stand up for their rights. The three thousand or so freedom fighters went to the mountains and launched surprise attacks against the Spaniards.

They assaulted the garrisons and looted churches and in the process, Dagohoy fulfilled his promise and was able to exact revenge on the priest who refused to give his brother the proper burial rites.

The freedom fighters built a virtual ecosystem in the mountains. It could probably be the reason why they were able to sustain the revolutionary movement for so long. Other natives of Bohol contributed to the revolt in other ways, some supplied weapons, money and food.

The Spaniards were able to suppress the revolt in 1828. They flexed their muscle and sent a great number of troops to eliminate the rebels. The Spaniards hired other natives to increase the number of “pacifiers” and subdue the rebels for a shorter period of time.

Link: Cultural Heritage
http://www.globalpinoy.com/ch/ch_category.php?category=heroes&name=Francisco%20Dagohoy&table=ch_heroes&startpage=1&endpage=15
 
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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #4 on: September 18, 2007, 09:19:10 PM »
He was the ...

Grandlolo from the LOLO of the LOLO of my Father's LOLO of the Grandlolo of his LOLO's Grandlolo----------------in short he
was my veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
OLD LOLO na gjod, that is why not personally know him.  Thanks for the pics.........mao diay LIWAT kos iyang kaisog...........hhhhhhhhmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm >:(

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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #5 on: December 18, 2008, 11:01:14 PM »
It's nice to hear nga mga kaliwat ta ni Dagohoy.
Consider pleasures as they depart, Not as they come.

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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #6 on: December 22, 2008, 08:20:20 AM »
Why did Francisco Dagohoy revolt against the Spaniards?


Forced labor was one of the causes of the revolt. But what triggered the decision to rise up in arms against the Spanish authorities in Bohol was the refusal of a Jesuit priest to give a Christian burial to Dagohoy's brother.

Initially, Dagohoy was infuriated by the refusal of Father Gaspar Morales to give a Christian burial to his brother who died in service while chasing a fugitive who went against Christianity. Because of the said injustice, Dagohoy called upon his fellow Boholanos to raise arms against the oppressors. The rebellion outlasted several Spanish Governors General and several missions.[3]

In 1744, Bohol was ready for another serious insurrection against Spain. In that year, Father Gaspar Morales, the Jesuit curate of Inabanga, ordered Sagarino, a constable, to capture a man who had abandoned his Christian religion. The brave constable pursued the fugitive, but the latter resisted and killed him. His corpse was brought to town. Father Morales refused to give the constable Christian burial because he had died in a duel and this was banned by the Church.

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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #7 on: December 22, 2008, 10:21:17 AM »
given that francisco dagohoy declared bohol as independent and did not pay allegiance to spain in the 85 years that the revolt he started and led was in effect, it can be said that this act was much better and more meaningful than the supposed declaration of philippine independence by emilio aguinaldo whose republic was only on paper at best. aguinaldo ended up a prisoner of the americans shortly after his declaration kuno of a philippine republic, whereas dagohoy did not have an elaborate government format but reigned over bohol as military generalissimo... we boholanos should be proud of this fact more than the cavitenos are of aguinaldo. mabuhay ang bol-anon!

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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #8 on: December 22, 2008, 10:46:11 AM »
Thanks to the late novelty singer Yoyoy Villame from Calape who created and popularized the song Dagohoy,  by that song alone Yoyoy was also an instrument
in bringing closer to the masses especially the Boholanos in spreading the life and struggle of Dagohoy. others claim that naa konuy anting anting si dagohoy kay mokalit lang daw ug kawagtang.

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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #9 on: December 22, 2008, 11:24:32 AM »
Wala man ko kadungog nga naay Araw ni Dagohoy celebration  sa Bohol.

Let us honor our hero.

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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #10 on: December 22, 2008, 11:34:31 AM »
naapil nas national heroes day.

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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #11 on: December 22, 2008, 11:54:13 AM »
Mao siguro ni guiingon nga greatest lapses sa mga politiko sa bohol kung wala nila gahini ug recognition si Dagohoy, He's the same with other heroes like bonifacio and
deserves to be treated the same.


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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #12 on: December 22, 2008, 12:19:41 PM »
daghan na man gud tag holidays...

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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #13 on: December 22, 2008, 12:25:10 PM »
maayo pa si pres garcia naa pay holiday!
"All that is needed for evil to succeed is, that decent human beings doing nothing". (Edmund Burke)

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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #14 on: December 22, 2008, 12:26:32 PM »

na presidente man sa nasud, si dagohoy sa dajong ra tingali...hehehehe

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Re: Who is Francisco Dagohoy?
« Reply #15 on: June 13, 2009, 03:26:49 PM »
hi just read that you are searching for the niography of francisco dagohoy. just like to ask you if you got any info? my nephew needs one. thanks!!!
gusto kong malaman ang talambuhay ni francisco dagohoy..please send me a copy of it. thank you.
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