veryhot_post - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town Author Topic: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA  (Read 1660 times)

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #20 on: July 03, 2015, 06:35:22 PM »

In accordance with its Rules of Procedure, the Tribunal gave the Philippines until March 15, 2015 to submit a supplemental submission on the Tribunal’s jurisdiction and the merits of the case, in particular to address the points raised by China’s position paper. After the submission, China will have a similar period of 90 days within which to file a response.

The Tribunal also acknowledged receipt of Vietnam’s statement.
Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #21 on: July 03, 2015, 06:37:49 PM »

The Philippine Claims

The Notification and Statement of Claim of the Philippines contains numerous claims against China, but these can all be summarized briefly into the following major groups:

First, the Philippines asserts that China is claiming rights and entitlements far in excess of what has been agreed upon by the international community in UNCLOS. These excessive claims are signified by the nine-dash line map, which China has invoked against the Philippines to justify its claims to sovereignty, jurisdiction, historic title, or historic rights over maritime areas or activities within those lines. The Philippines argues that China’s claims to maritime rights or entitlements based on the nine-dash line map are contrary to UNCLOS and invalid. However, it acknowledges that any issues regarding sovereignty over the land features within those lines are not within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal, and therefore does not seek a ruling from the Tribunal on those issues.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #22 on: July 03, 2015, 06:41:55 PM »

Second, the Philippines argues that China has illegally occupied or controlled eight features within the SCS. Specifically, it occupies Fiery Cross, Cuarteron, Subi, McKennan, Johnson South, Gaven, and Mischief Reefs, and has taken exclusive control of Scarborough Shoal. The Philippines argues this is based on illegitimate claims to title or sovereignty over completely submerged areas, or historic rights to living and non-living natural resources, including control of maritime navigation. It argues further that China has claimed excessive maritime rights and entitlements from these maritime features that it presently occupies or controls, which should be governed by Art. 121 of UNCLOS.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #23 on: July 03, 2015, 06:42:23 PM »

B8X47lsCQAEl8G6 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #24 on: July 03, 2015, 06:43:38 PM »

At various instances, China has prevented the Philippines from lawfully exploring and exploiting the marine resources within or around these reefs. It is argued that China’s actions against Philippine ships and activities around these areas, and indeed throughout the area within the nine-dash line, assert claims to rights and entitlements far beyond those allowed under Art. 121. The Philippines acknowledges that at most, Scarborough, Johnson South, Cuarteron, and Fiery Cross reefs may be entitled to 12 nautical mile territorial sea zones on account of rocky protrusions above water at high tide, but no more; China’s claims or activities beyond this distance from the features are illegal in international law. The remaining occupied features do not generate any maritime zones at all, and therefore they are on the seabed that are parts of the Philippines’ continental shelf and subject to the latter’s exclusive rights and jurisdictions under UNCLOS.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #25 on: July 03, 2015, 06:44:02 PM »

Third, the Philippines asserts that China has unlawfully claimed rights or entitlements to, and unlawfully exploited living and non-living natural resources in other areas within the Philippines’ Exclusive Economic Zone and/or Continental Shelf, while preventing the latter from doing so. It is also asserted that China has unlawfully interfered with its rights to navigation under UNCLOS. The Philippines argues that China’s claim based on the nine-dash line map cuts off and deprives the Philippines of its maritime entitlements to those maritime zones under international law.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #26 on: July 03, 2015, 06:44:42 PM »

The Philippine jurisdictional zones in the South China Sea are collectively and officially described in Philippine domestic parlance as the West Philippine Sea. The term “West Philippine Sea” is used by the Philippines to refer to the maritime areas within its sovereignty or jurisdiction in accordance with UNCLOS, and is located within the geographic area of the South China Sea but directly adjacent to its islands.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #27 on: July 03, 2015, 06:48:07 PM »

On the basis of these arguments, which are likely dealt with in great detail in the lengthy but still confidential Memorial, the Philippines seeks reliefs in the form of a number of declarations and orders from the Tribunal. The most important of these is a declaration of invalidity under international law of China’s claims based on the nine-dash line map, and that China’s maritime rights and entitlements can only be those based on UNCLOS. Other reliefs sought include a declaration that China’s occupation and facilities on the various reefs are illegal, as well as an order for China to end its occupation thereof. It is also requested for the Tribunal to order China to bring its domestic legislation in accordance with UNCLOS, and stop preventing Philippine vessels from lawfully exploring and exploiting the natural resources of the area, as well as any other activities inconsistent with UNCLOS. The Philippines also asks the Tribunal to declare that the Philippines is fully entitled to its 12 nautical mile territorial sea and 200 nautical mile EEZ and continental shelf measured from its archipelagic baselines as enacted in 2009.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #28 on: July 03, 2015, 06:48:36 PM »

China’s Counter-Arguments

The position paper released by China on December 7, 2014 deals only with the issue of the jurisdiction of the Tribunal, and does not delve into the merits of the Philippine case. From China’s standpoint, the Tribunal does not have jurisdiction over the case filed by the Philippines mainly on the following procedural and substantive grounds:

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #29 on: July 03, 2015, 06:49:20 PM »

First, China asserts that the subject matter of the arbitration is, at its core, a dispute over territorial sovereignty over the various features of the Spratly Islands and Scarborough Shoal. China claims absolute sovereignty over those features on various historical and legal grounds, contrary to the Philippines own claims to some of those features. It argues that unless the question of sovereignty over those features is first determined, the issue of who may lawfully exercise the maritime rights and entitlements around them cannot be resolved: the issue of sovereignty over the land and rights over the adjacent seas are inseparable. Since the issue of territorial sovereignty has been expressly excluded by the Philippines from the case, China concludes that it cannot have jurisdiction over the dispute.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #30 on: July 03, 2015, 06:49:47 PM »

Second, China argues that even if the Tribunal could resolve the maritime dispute without dealing with the question of sovereignty over the adjacent land features, it cannot decide on the Philippines’ claims without first undertaking a maritime delimitation. China points to the geography of the area, which aside from the features it currently occupies and included in the case, contains numerous other features such as large islands and other rocks above high tide, including the largest island Itu Aba. China argues that the Philippine case dissects the Spratly island group, distorts the nature and scope of the dispute between the two parties, and avoids questions as to the validity of the Philippines’ own claims to some of the islands; these show that the geographic extent of the Philippines own maritime jurisdiction is still undetermined, and therefore its own claims cannot be decided upon by the Tribunal.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #31 on: July 03, 2015, 06:52:57 PM »

Third, building on the two previous arguments, China invokes the optional exclusion from jurisdiction under Art. 298, which China exercised through its 2006 declaration. It argues that the right granted to States to exercise this optional exclusion, and the complementary prerogative of States to choose the means for settlement of disputes under Art. 299, would be rendered meaningless. China views the action of the Philippines of unilaterally initiating arbitration as an abuse of the compulsory dispute settlement procedures of UNCLOS. In addition, China also sees it as contravening existing agreements between China and the Philippines, such as the 2002 DOC, to seek a negotiated solution, and other agreements reached between the two countries throughout the 1990s meant to improve the relations between them, as well as the entire region, in spite of the dispute. China further asserts that the actions of the Philippines as a whole to be in bad faith because it seeks a maritime delimitation in disguise, and ignores the need for the two countries to resolve the issues in dispute directly through negotiations.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #32 on: July 03, 2015, 06:53:25 PM »

What Next?

Since arbitration was launched in January 2013, incidents over disputes territories and in disputed waters have continued, and we might expect these to do so for the foreseeable future despite legal proceedings. But there may also be opportunities for reducing tensions and minimizing the risk of escalation if incidents do arise. A number of flashpoints for either conflict or cooperation may be considered:

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #33 on: July 03, 2015, 06:59:30 PM »

#The Philippines will surely make a supplemental submission as requested by the Tribunal in order to address the points raised in China’s position paper. Its counsel has welcomed the position paper as providing concrete targets for future proceedings.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #34 on: July 03, 2015, 07:00:13 PM »

#The Philippines will continue supplying its positions and personnel based in the Spratly Island group, but without moving to maintain or repair damaged facilities and equipment in order to maintain the moral high ground in the arbitration. However, given the precarious state of the derelict ship that it uses as an outpost on Second Thomas Shoal, there is a possibility of an incident should the ship’s structure finally yield to the unforgiving sea. Maritime encounters involving interference, and even collision, with Philippine ships are also still possible.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #35 on: July 03, 2015, 07:00:39 PM »

#As the Philippines continues to receive assistance and support in maritime capabilities from countries like the U.S. and Japan, it will continue to create as great a presence in maritime law enforcement as it can with its limited assets. It can be expected to pursue fishery enforcement patrols by military or civilian services. The possibility remains that Chinese fishermen will be arrested and brought to trial, especially in cases of marine environmental and fishery offenses in the near-shore areas. In light of China’s more assertive and proactive protection of its fishermen, this will be a likely source of new tensions.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #36 on: July 03, 2015, 07:01:23 PM »

#Since 2012, China has reportedly been organizing and mobilizing its civilian fishing fleet into a maritime militia. Such a militia could also extend its range through China’s artificial islands, and the concentration of such a fleet increases the possibility of even more incidents between them and fishers of other countries, as civilian militias could be expected to have a little less discipline and act more unexpectedly than trained armed forces.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #37 on: July 03, 2015, 07:02:58 PM »

#China’s reclamation activities are expected to resume or continue at their very rapid pace since 2014, and it is likely that at least one of these new artificial islands will achieve an interim operational capability that will give China round-the-clock and year-long maritime surveillance initially within the Spratly region, and later in the whole nine-dash line area. Enforcement capability will follow thereafter, as surveillance will allow China to more efficiently allocate and utilize its maritime enforcement fleet. Surveillance coverage and efficient enforcement could also lead to confrontations taking place in new areas within the Spratly region that previously had not been the scene of such activities.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #38 on: July 03, 2015, 07:03:24 PM »

#The conclusion of talks between the US and China for a MOU establishing rules for safety in air and naval encounters may serve as a model for the initiation of similar arrangements between the Philippines and China. There is a need for such an arrangement given the recent history of encounters between Philippine and Chinese ships in the disputed areas.

islander

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • avatar_3258_1429902436 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • Posts: 46412
  • medal1 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal2 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal3 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal4 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Townmedal5 - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
  • If you're from Pluto, you're welcome.
    • Share Post
xx - ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA - Talk of the Town
Re: ARBITRATION 101: PHILIPPINES V. CHINA
« Reply #39 on: July 03, 2015, 07:03:52 PM »

#Activities implementing the EDCA signed last April 2014 will likely commence sometime in 2015, unless the Philippine Supreme Court rules against its constitutionality, or directs that it be subject to Senate ratification, in the case currently pending before it. EDCA is envisioned to play an important role in the modernization of the Philippine armed forces, including the maritime services. Initial plans for the agreement included the development of Oyster Bay in Palawan as a naval base directly accessible to Reed Bank and the disputed areas. If it pushes through, it may become another irritant in relations between the parties even though it is entirely within the Philippine archipelago.



Share via facebook Share via linkedin Share via pinterest Share via reddit Share via twitter
 

Latest Topics

Dementia as brain disease by hubag bohol
[Today at 09:51:05 PM]


Why dress well by hubag bohol
[Today at 09:42:24 PM]


The Rock Art by hubag bohol
[Today at 03:50:58 PM]


Just Keep on Walking, Cat by hubag bohol
[Today at 03:46:44 PM]


Pauraray by hubag bohol
[Today at 03:28:49 PM]


Bugsay's favorite climate activist by hubag bohol
[Today at 03:26:01 PM]


Lasting friendships start early by hubag bohol
[Today at 03:24:45 PM]


Pork Products from Luzon Seized in Dumaguete by mikeortegaligalig
[Today at 01:23:50 PM]


For married couple by MIKELIGALIG.com
[Today at 12:01:43 PM]


Sakit nga kamatayon by MIKELIGALIG.com
[Yesterday at 08:29:53 PM]

SMF spam blocked by CleanTalk
Powered by SMFPacks SEO Pro Mod | Sitemap
Mobile View
SimplePortal 2.3.7 © 2008-2019, SimplePortal