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Cha-cha: More chances for dynasts to steal
« on: August 02, 2018, 02:18:04 PM »

Cha-cha: More chances for dynasts to steal

GOTCHA
Jarius Bondoc
The Philippine Star
July 23, 2018

The draft federal constitution does not abolish political dynasties. It even expands their clout. Dynasts will have more chances to rob Filipinos blind.*

The political dynasty ban is only partial. It covers kinsmen only up to the second degree of consanguinity and affinity, legitimate or not, full- or half-blood. That means spouses, offspring, siblings, in-laws, grandparents, and grandchildren. They will be barred from running simultaneously or successively for the same elective position. But they may run simultaneously for one national and one federated state or local position.

*underscoring is the poster's

Linkback: https://tubagbohol.mikeligalig.com/index.php?topic=89702.0
Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment

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islander

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Re: Cha-cha: More chances for dynasts to steal
« Reply #1 on: August 02, 2018, 02:19:04 PM »

The purpose of equalizing chances for public office is defeated. Power still can be concentrated on a clan. Example: Father runs for national Congress representing the district of Kami-Kami; son runs for governor of their home province of Pa Rin; and favorite nephew and niece, who are cousins, run for mayors of the capital city of Aangal and their home town of Ka Pa. Winning by usual guns, goons, and gold, they will still control the jurisdiction of Kami-Kami, Pa Rin, Aangal, Ka Pa. They can win one reelection, then rigodon among themselves or expand with new clansmen. There are many positions to choose from and collaborate on: President, national senator or congressman, regional parliamentarian, provincial governor, board member, city and municipal mayor and councilor, vices, and barangay chairman.

The ban supposedly is self-executory. But that’s subject to interpretation. The shift from present unitary to federal government calls for simultaneous federal, regional, and local elections in May 2022. That transition balloting can be deemed a new slate. All incumbents – including dynasts – can be allowed to run under the new constitution. Only President Rodrigo Duterte, by self-renunciation, is prohibited in the draft. They will have four-year national, regional, or local tenures, and can be reelected once. That would give all dynasts eight more years to reign freely.

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Re: Cha-cha: More chances for dynasts to steal
« Reply #2 on: August 02, 2018, 02:19:39 PM »

The federal constitution may not be amended or revised within five years of ratification, and touched again for five years after any change. It is easy to guess what dynasts can do to that anti-dynasty proviso after five years. And that’s if the present dynasts in Congress do not delete the ban altogether in their Constituent Assembly to finalize the draft.

“The shift would happen but the local elite should also give up part of their advantage. It’s the same starting line for everyone,” says Julio Teehankee, one of the 22 drafters of the federal charter. The political scientist’s thoughts on his extensively researched subject are contained in a recent article by the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism (pcij.org).

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Re: Cha-cha: More chances for dynasts to steal
« Reply #3 on: August 02, 2018, 02:20:31 PM »

Dynasts won’t give up easily, says PCIJ’s Malou Mangahas. Only 200 families lorded it over the last five elections, 2004-2016, she cites Comelec studies. Dynasts have been in power since the last two decades of Spanish rule. The 1987 Constitution requires Congress to enact the ban on dynasties. The dynasts have blocked it all these 32 years.

National and regional units will share power under the federal charter. Regions shall have exclusive power over: economic planning; creating revenue sources; financial administration; tourism, investment, and, trade development; infrastructure, public utilities, and, public works; economic zones; land use and housing; justice system; local government units; business permits and licenses; municipal waters; indigenous peoples; culture and language; sports development; and parks and recreation. Although very limited under the 1987 Constitution, these powers are what local officials capitalize on for grease money. They demand bribes in exchange for permits and resolutions of support.

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Re: Cha-cha: More chances for dynasts to steal
« Reply #4 on: August 02, 2018, 02:21:21 PM »

Most important of the regional units’ powers are to levy and collect the following taxes, licenses and fees: real property tax; estate tax; donor’s tax; documentary stamp tax; professional tax; franchise tax; games and amusement tax; environment tax, pollution tax, and similar taxes; road users tax; vehicle registration fees; transport franchise fees; and local taxes and other taxes which may be granted by federal law.

Five ill effects can ruin power devolution, says economics professor Victor Abola, University of Asia and the Pacific. One is hyperinflation, like the 2,500% that hit federalized Mexico and Brazil a decade ago. The national governments could not control the federated states’ deficit spending, mostly in aide of local officials’ reelection, Abola recalls. Another is unequal income distribution among regions. Only three of the 18 proposed regional states – Metro Manila, Southern Tagalog and Central Visayas – are expected to be self-supporting income-wise. PCIJ cites data from the Bureau of Internal Revenue, Philippine Statistics Authority and Department of Budget and Management. Third, federalism can drain government finances and disrupt infrastructure programs. No less than Economic Planning Sec. Ernesto Pernia says so. Abola explains: “We have problems with absorptive capacity; infrastructure spending might be set aside because collections of regions won’t be enough.” Fourth, double taxation will scare away investors. “If regions are given power to impose taxes, all the more we will be uncompetitive in ASEAN,” Abola adds. Lastly, there will be duplication of expenses. “Regions will say they need more for staff and other expenses – wasteful,” Abola says.

Will not the dynasts thrive in such economic and taxation powers? All the more they will control businesses in their locales, from highway construction to family resorts, bus lines to shipping, construction supplies to malls.

https://www.philstar.com/opinion/2018/07/23/

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Re: Cha-cha: More chances for dynasts to steal
« Reply #5 on: August 02, 2018, 07:34:42 PM »
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Re: Cha-cha: More chances for dynasts to steal
« Reply #6 on: August 02, 2018, 07:36:37 PM »
bisan unsa pay form of govt. dili mawala ang GRAFT and CORRUPTION

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