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Holy Spirit School (Bohol) Alumni Association Officers

Elected during the Alumni Association Assembly last April 2, 2006 at HSS Auditorium

   President:      Atty. Rosalima Cuyno – Abapo

   Vice-President:       Wilfilda “Baby” Garcia – Collins

   Secretary:       Anne Mariquit Derikito – Oppus

   Ass’t. Secretary:       Fiel Angeli E. Araoarao – Gabin

   Treasurer:       Baby Pizarras

   Ass’t. Treasurer:       Jing Calceta

   Auditor:          Gilberto Rocha Lumayag

   Press Relations Officers: Louella Husain

                 Samuel B. Cal

   Members of the Board:    Judge Dionisio R. Calibo, Jr.
                                       Nazareno T. Ello
                                       Jade Trabajo - Nuera
                                               Telly Ocampo
                                       Jerry Joseph A. Lim
                 Rosalina Rara – Sarabosing

Induction Rites was on April 17, 2006, Easter Monday, at the HSS Auditorium.                 


Message: Good morning.

Coca-Cola Bottlers Philippines, Inc. -
Tagbilaran Plant is in need of Account
Developers to boost the Sales and
Marketing Force of the terrritory.
There are still available slots for the
said vacant-regular item.

Kindly inform your relatives and
friends for this urgent requirement.

Minimum qualifications:
1. Male or Female, Single or Married,
preferably 30 years old and below
2. A graduate of a any 4-year course,
preferably business related
3. Preferably with sales and marketing
4. With driver's license

Send application, resume and TOR to:
The HR Manager
Coca-Cola Bottlers Philippines, Inc. -
Tagbilaran Plant
CPG Avenue, Cogon, Tagbilaran City

Walk-in applicants are most welcomed.
Ongoing pooling, exams and interviews
for the said position. FYI.
Coca-Cola Bottlers Philippines, Inc. is
an equal oppurtunity entity.


Robin Yap Vallecera
CCBPI Tagbilaran


In line with HSS’ 80th Anniversary and HSS Days 2007 celebration, the Grade 4 Level Parents-Teachers Association Officers headed by Dr. Mayida R. Ybañez, in coordination with the HSS Elementary Class of 1983 and Poblacion 2 Barangay Council conducted a medical-dental mission at Poblacion 2 Barangay Hall, this City, the day before the feast of the Our Lady of Lourdes, the barangay’s patron saint.

There were 75 adults and 67 children who availed of the consultation, while the blood sugar screening and tooth extraction registered 49 and 29 beneficiaries, respectively.

Aside from Dr. Ybañez, HSS-Gr. 4 parents and HSS alumni also helped: Drs. Theodore and Dorothy Gay Dumaluan, Juanita Ugpo, Araceli Sylvia P. Samar, Alice Rosell Ladaga, Napoleon M. Nazareno, Ma. Portia D. Reyes, Rizaldy Buac and Dr. Maria Christine F. Torregosa. The nurses were Leona Ungay – Mina, Loretta Brunidor, Melchora Inting, JC Operio. Medicines were donated by Dr. Ybañez, Dr. Dumaluan, Dr. Torregosa, Vice-Gov. Julius Caesar F. Herrera, Shan Sontillano (OEP) and Alvin Pido (Astra-Zeneca). Other Gr. 4 FPTA officers who assisted were Fiel Angeli E. Araoarao-Gabin (HSS Elementary Class of 1983), Zeniza A. Bulalaque, Carmelita B. Lagroma, Ester C. Pamaong, Ardissa R. Estavilla, Merle N. Torayno, and Maria Liza B. Trabajo.

Other HSS Elem. Class ‘83 members who assisted were FO2 Othoniel U. Galia Jr., TCEmergency Medical Rescue Operation Team nurse (vital signs), Michelle M. Porticos, City Health Office - Botika sa Katawhan nurse (medicines), Rey Ramon S. Inting of Travellodge-Netray Internet (streamer).

It was the second time the group ventured on such activity after the 172 Grade 4 pupils from sections Joy, Hope, Faith and Charity reached out to 79 Grade 4 pupils - Sections Acacia and Narra of Eastern Cogon Elementary School (ECES) headed by Carolina B. Balaba on the occasion of the feast of St. Therese of the Child Jesus last October 3. The activity was also a part of the preparations for the 25th anniversary reunion of the HSS Elementary Class of 1983 slated July 2008. (FAEAGABIN)


As its 80th anniversary treat to the alumni, students, teachers and school administration, the Holy Spirit School Alumni Association (HSSAA) presented the "Karaang Balay" last February 15, 6:00 in the evening at the HSS Auditorium.

A one-act drama which portrays the crises being confronted by families engaged in the struggle between the preservation of their ancestral homes as against and survival and pressures of development, the play is produced by the Baclayon Ancestral Home Owners Association (BAHANDI), written by Alfred R. Valenzona and directed by Lutgardo Labad and is the province's official entry to TANGHAL, the First National University Theatre Festival held in Iloilo City from February 7 to 10, 2007, spearheaded by the Committee on Dramatic Arts of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA).

The staging of "Karaang Balay" was made possible through the support of Rosario P. Dejaresco, Filomena E. Lim, Eufemia C. Cabagnot, Atty. Myrna T. Pagsuberon, Wilfilda G. Collins, Anne Mariquit D. Oppus, Cong.Edgar M. Chatto, Gov. Erico B. Aumentado, Vice-Gov. Julius Ceasar F. Herrera, Atty. Tomas Abapo, Jr., and Richard Uy.

Atty. Roselima Cuyno-Abapo, alumni president, led the alumni officers who witnessed the presentation. (Fiel Angeli E. Araoarao-Gabin)

HSS: “Celebrating Life and Mission at 80”
by Fiel Angeli Espejo Araoarao - Gabin

Eighty fruitful years is, indeed, a big reason to celebrate.

In thanksgiving of her many years of dedicated service to the Boholanos, the Holy Spirit School (HSS) marked her 80th anniversary last October 16 with simple rites.

At 7:30 a.m., a holy mass started the day, followed by the floral offering at the statue of St. Joseph the Worker. Atty. Rosalima Cuyno Abapo, HSS Alumni Association (HSSAA) president, gave the plaque of appreciation to the SSpS Community which was received by Sister Mary Joy B. Quizan, SSpS, school director. The opening of the heritage room near the chapel was also done.

Jane Censoria Del Rosario Cajes, Council of Servant-Leaders (COSL) president, Atty. Abapo, and Sister Joy led the tree planting activity at the school’s campsite in Tinago, Dauis, together with Sister Mary Judith Abrea, alumni coordinator, SSpS Sisters Miriam Dolores Terce, Diomar Lopez, Mary Esther Aracap, Gina Flores Cerrafon and Doyet Luarca. Other alumni who attended were women’s right advocate Atty. Myrna T. Pagsuberon, Elsie T. Lim, Jade T. Nuera, Rosalina R. Sarabosing and Nazareno T. Ello.

Going back to history, it was during the feast of Nuestra Señora del Pilar, on October 16, 1926, when Sister Laeticia, Sr. Blasia and Sr. Josaphata came to Bohol in answer to Fr. Gelacio Ramirez’s request for the Missionary Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit School (SSpS) to serve in his parish in Tagbilaran.

The school was first named St. Joseph’s Academy (after Saint Joseph the Worker, patron of Tagbilaran) which later evolved into St. Joseph’s Junior College, St. Joseph’s College, then to College of the Holy Spirit and finally Holy Spirit School (HSS) of Tagbilaran in 1974 when the college department was phased out. Accredited by the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities (PAASCU), the school is keeping true to her mission of offering genuine quality Christian education, responding to the needs of the community and guided by the motto “Truth in Love” in the Trinitarian way.  HSS is preparing for the PAASCU visits on November 16 to 17 for the grade school and November 20 to 21 for the high school.

A major celebration of the 80 years of HSS has been set in time for the HSS Days in February 2007. (Fiel Angeli E. Araoarao - Gabin)                                       

Message: Back to that Didache
reflection I read
yesterday, I was really touched when I
came across the lines “May we learn to
have a heart like (Mother) Mary’s,
treasuring memories that build up,
rather than tear, down our
relationships.” Speaking of memories,
our Bohol National High School Class of
1987 will have its 20th anniversary
celebration on July 27 and 28,
2007.Registration starts at 7:30 at
DCPNHS COPTAI Gym. A thanksgiving mass
to be officiated by Rev. Fr. Efren
Dolauta, our spiritual adviser, will
formally open the gathering. Since
there have been new structures
constructed since we left the campus in
April 1987, a familiarization tour of
the school will be done after the mass.
Class ’87 concerns will be dealt with
during the general assembly. Then, the
117 teachers, administrative and non-
academic personnel will join us in the
luncheon fellowship. At 1:00 to 4:00
pm, we will have the career talk for
the senior HS students, with our
classmates (who have been successful in
their respective fields of endeavor) to
compose the speakers’ bureau. After the
talk, the BNHS Class ’87 will turn over
its donation (monobloc chairs) to Ma’am
Concepcion Bagotchay, DCPNHS Principal
III. This will give the senior students
an idea of not really “giving back” to
the school, but more on the concept
of “sharing their blessings” with their
Alma Mater in the future. In the
evening, we will be at Villa Alzhun
Tourist Inn and Restaurant for another
round of kumustahan and reminiscing of
those wonderful years we spent at BNHS.
The second (last) day will be a beach
party with the families. It may be
noted that last May 15, the Boholano
Belgian Association and BNHS Class
of ’87 gave bundles of joy to 33
financially-challenged families of
Gawad Kalinga – Saint Vincent Village
in Cabawan. For further details, you
may contact Jude Sasing (09178870256),
Saturnino Arisola (09196597674),
Isabelito Butawan (09205546584), Fiel
Angeli E. Araoarao - Gabin
(09184103568), Nora Balatero - Jumawid
(09209012944), Ver Neil Balaba
(09198347947), Antonette Padreganda
(09063088301), Edwina Laurel
(09287722591) and Cora Arasan
(09172060082). We look forward to an
equally enjoyable and memorable get-
together after 20 long years…


Vice-President for External Affairs
BNHS Class of 1987


HOLY NAME UNIVERSITY: 60 Years of Witnessing the WORD
by Fiel Angeli Espejo Araoarao - Gabin

As a college freshman in 1987, this writer was a staff of “The WORD,” the student publication of the school… I also recall that my first “official” emceeing stint was at the Divine Word College of Tagbilaran Gymnasium during the Miss College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) beauty pageant in September 1989. In 1990, I was part of the “Golden Harvest” yearbook staff…

What exactly did I learn as a graduate of DWC-T that until now I am so proud of? As assistant local executive of the CAS Department (1989), it has instilled in me the sense of leadership, of working with different people. As a student of Humanities under Atty. Roselima Cuyno-Abapo (who is now president of the Holy Spirit School Alumni Association), I have learned how to appreciate what is true, good and beautiful.

It was 1946, the end of the Second World War and Tagbilaran was about to recover from the ravages of war. There was a two-story building, erected in 1939, which was used as garrison during the Japanese occupation. Its future was yet to be determined. Msgr. Gelacio T. Ramirez, the philanthropic former vicar general of the secular clergy in Bohol, the owner (in 1926, he donated a piece of lot to the Holy Spirit Sisters so they could open the first Catholic girls’ school – Saint Joseph Academy – now known as Holy Spirit School which celebrated its 80th anniversary in October 2006), had half of the lower portion rented, while the other half was occupied by relatives. After the war, the first floor was converted to some sort of a department store. Then came the time when the aging Msgr. Ramirez donated the property to the newly-created Diocese of Tagbilaran through its first bishop, Msgr. Julio R. Rosales – that paved the way to its noble destiny.

“…Msgr. Rosales surveyed the social and religious scene of the period…He then set on a mission to look for a religious congregation to manage the institution he had in mind…He approached two groups, but his offer was declined. He then broached the idea to the Society of the Divine Word (SVD) who at that time had already established the Tubigon Catholic High School (now Holy Cross Academy). This time, the response was positive.” (May Amparo Blanco, from “Jubilation, HNC-DWCT Golden Jubilee Album). The moment Msgr. Rosales got the approval of the SVD Priests, negotiations started. Acting as first director of the new college was Fr. Alphonse Lesage, then director of Tubigon Catholic High School.

Why the name “Holy Name?” Msgr. Rosales gave the school its name. It was probably because of his strong personal devotion to the Holy Name of Jesus. Years passed, he was elevated to the position of Archbishop, later Cardinal, of Cebu (christened “Villa del Santissimo Nombre de Jesus” or settlement of the Most Holy Name of Jesus by the Spaniards). In simple rites, Holy Name College was formally inaugurated on July 14, 1947 at the Plaza Rizal Kiosk.

From Holy Name College, it became Divine Word College in 1964 when Fr. Charles Scanlon (HNC director starting June 1963), went on study leave. In November 19, 2001, the learning institution has finally achieved its long-cherished, much-deserved university status. Through its portals passed the many graduates molded into the image of Jesus Christ, the WORD-made-flesh, who have proven themselves in various fields of endeavor, helping create self-reliant communities and keeping on with their contribution to society.

Among its fruits is the establishment of a solid Holy Name University Alumni Association (HNUAA) led by conscientious citizens who have continuously lived by the ideals of the school. A crucial step initiated by the its present leadership composed of Reynald T. Gatal (president); Gilberto R. Lumayag (vice-president for internal affairs), Jose Antonio S. Veloso (vice-president for external affairs), Idmila C. Borja (secretary), Lito G. Sarmiento (treasurer), Constancio H. Bumaat, Jr. (auditor), Cruz C. Salgados (press relations officer), Primitive  S. Veloso, Samuel S. Belderol, Gilberto Jonas S. Inting, Leonides L. Borja, Rodolfo B. Madanguit, and Jose C. Pamaong (members of the board) is the approval of the SEC registration No. CN200629624 by the Securities and Exchange Commission – Cebu Extension Office on November 15, 2006. The alumni board regularly meets at the HNU Alumni Office manned by Eurea F. Gutierrez, alumni coordinator.

Through the years, Holy Name University has vowed to produce professionals who have equipped themselves with skills, making them ready to assume their responsibilities as worthwhile members of society, upholding the admirable values taught by the institution, and dedicating their lives for the more noble ends of their respective professions.

In celebration of its 60 years of bountiful harvest, the school will have its grand alumni homecoming on February 17, 2007 starting at 7:30 in the morning at the HNU-Main Gymnasium. To drumbeat the occasion, a province-wide caravan is scheduled on February 10, Saturday, starting at 5:00 in the morning from the Tagbilaran City Tourist Port. (FAEAG)

« on: June 20, 2007, 02:45:17 PM »
By Fiel Angeli E. Araoarao - Gabin

Saturday, 20 January 2007. 3:30 in the afternoon… Let’s set a few things straight: First, I am definitely NOT the perfect mother. Second, I am not a graduate of psychology. Third, I have no intention of offering advices or interpretations to feelings as a “shrink” does. In my previous articles, I have written mostly about activities or personalities not only because I am “starstruck” and feel that I am forever a fan, but for the reason that I am easily inspired by people who have achieved so much (in terms of self-actualization) in their lives. This time, however, I am delving on something which is not really new to me, but though I am not an expert on this “department,” I feel that I have to share this with fellow mothers out there.

On December 20, 2005, my husband Jerome, Cielo and I were at National Book Store. Then I saw this book entitled “99 Ways to Get Your Kids to do Their Homework (And Not Hate It) by Mary Leonhardt. We bought it. I thought it was interesting for mothers (and fathers, too!) especially that parents are always wrestling with concerns on how to get their children to love homework assignments, and school works.

From the book which touched on tips for preschoolers, elementary school, junior high, high school and about gifted children, I just picked out some guidelines which to me are applicable at this time and age:

You may have to help your children get organized when they first have homework assignments. Some parents have set the rule to let their children do it immediately as soon as they get home from school; others would allow them to do homework after dinner, or it would depend on the degree of difficulty of the assignment or the perfect timing that children feel they want or should do it, as long as they are bent on getting it all done before bedtime.

As long as they are happily working, leave them alone. Giving children “freedom” or “space” to a certain extent is very important. We need to let them feel that they are responsible to do things. In doing homeworks, there are times we have to give our children the opportunity to focus on a problem and discover a solution for it. When they tend to dwell too long on one item, it could be difficult -then it’s the time for parents to come to the rescue.

If your children ask for help, try to make it seem as though they’re teaching you, rather than the other way around. Ask what the teacher had discussed about it. Let them feel that you are listening to what they are saying. Instead of pointing out directly how to solve the problem, it is advised to gently lead your children to proceed or do the next steps. A little help is fine, but it turns out to be a daily or nightly routine, then it’s either the children has stopped trying of the homework is too difficult to do.

Do provide children with any books or materials they need for homework. All books and other reference materials must be within reach. It is easier to study and understand what we are reading if all the reference materials are gathered in one place.

Keep casual track of how your children are doing. Parents don’t need to oversee everything that children do. Being “casual” means having a general view of what the children are doing or studying, but it doesn’t mean calling the school all the time to check on things. We must trust our children enough to believe that they are capable of doing things with little or no supervision at all. 

Avoid giving your children the idea that there is only one right way to do things. Letting the children explore. Doing things themselves would cultivate in them a sense of self-reliance and self-confidence, in cases when nobody else is there to assist them to prepare them for more serious academic work, when parents are no longer there to go over the assignments.

Never let any of their assignments interfere with their independent reading. There should be enough time for doing assignments and developing the love and habit of reading. Elementary school is the best time to establish a solid foundation for grammar, mathematics and other disciplines. 

Encourage independent writing as well. It was learned that one big reason why students do poorly in English and in other subjects is the inability to write well. Psychomotor skills are developed through writing as well as thinking skills. Children should be trained to express their feelings through writing.

See if you can keep your children going to the library. A trip to the library once in a while is helpful. They should be taught that the library is the storehouse of knowledge, the place where they do research assignments and learn the value of persistence. Locating books via the card catalogue system will be a good learning exercise.

Discourage reliance on television, videos or computers for entertainment. Recent studies show that children who have too much n television perform rather poorly in academics. Television is addictive and restricts or hampers creativity, loses their love for reading and make them feel isolated and different. Computers can do wonders, but I support the author’s notion that children should be outside playing with neighbors and friends to develop interpersonal skills, reading or listening to stories  than being glued to the computer.

Keep firmly in mind that grades don’t count in elementary school; skill level counts. As parents, we would want our children to achieve more than we did, but it is more important that they learn doing things their own way. Spoonfeeding them or helping them in every homework will not prepare them to accept responsibility. We can tell them that homeworks are not really our main concern, we are concerned more on their being responsible to do things assigned to them.

The bottomline is, as parents, we must find the balance between supporting their children and instilling a sense of responsibility and accomplishment that will guide them through their studies and life in the real world. (FAEAG)   





TITLE : 1st Abatan River Kayak Festival

ACTIVITY : Promotion of your Company, Products & Services


The SANDUGO 2007 week long celebration would culminate with a street dancing on the 22nd of July this year, one of its highlights would be the 1st Abatan River Kayak Festival, on the 21st. This activity is in line with efforts to provide additional and alternate tourism activity for visitors while they are here in the province.

Consequently, tri-media promotional activities would be done starting on the first of July, a chance for you to promote your products and services. This would be independent of the promotions to be done by the Sandugo Foundation; giving additional incidental exposure to the advertiser.

Being the first of its kind, your companys exposure would go a long way through incidental promotions after the activity each time a reference to this festival is mentioned.

EVENTS : Advertising Exposure Before, During and After the Race

Kayak Paddling is a non-motorized, environment friendly activity that allows easy access to areas within the Abatan mangrove and palm forest, that would deter other forms of transport. The 1st Abatan River Kayak Festival, seeks to introduce this form of transport, a chance for the visitor an exciting experience of being close to the various flora and fauna that abound in the area.

The 1st Abatan River Kayak Festival, would conduct among others FREE kayak paddling, FREE kayak clinics, a regatta and a kayak race.

These activities are designed to give your company the impression of being with the first, environment friendly, trendy; and supportive of a lifestyle that appeals to the in-crowd; physically active and outdoorsy

VENUE : The Abatan River Bridge Area

The 1st Abatan River Kayak Festival would be done within the area of the Abatan Bridge, highlighting among others the River Cruise and the Kayak Paddling activities that could be done within the area.

DATE : Exposure starts on July 1, 2007

The launching of the promotional campaign starts on July 1, escalating as the day of the activity approaches on the 21st of July. Press releases, residual and incidental exposure would be in reference to the first ever kayak festival in Abatan with your company as the Sponsor.

PROPONENTS : Abatan River Promotions
Bugsai Sea Kayaks
Bohol Xtreme Outdoor Equipments


Event Advertising Mileage
Incidental exposures of Your Advertising Collateral at the venue, before during and after the 1st. Abatan River Kayak Festival

Radio Ad Mileage:
(6-8 plugs a day on DYTR AM & FM, the official radio station)

Print Ad Mileage:
(Sunday Post the official newspaper, Bohol Times & Bohol Chronicle)

Press Release Mileage
Pre-event press releases: (Sunday Post, Bohol Times & Bohol Chronicle)

Post-event press releases: (Sunday Post, Bohol Times & Bohol Chronicle)

Collateral Posting at the venue and selected points
Your Company Logo and or slogan/motto on T-shirts for the officials
Streamers, Posters & Flyers
Product Lock-out and full merchandizing rights for the whole duration of the Contract.

A. Presentor (Only one presentor would be accepted) P 25,000.00

1. Your Company name or slogan/motto on the title of the event

2. All Radio Ads (major billing)

3. All Print Ads & press releases (major billing)

4. Collateral Postings on the venue (as desired)

5. All T-shirts to be printed (major billing)

6. All Streamers, Posters & Flyers (major billing)

B. Diamond Sponsors 5,000.00

1. All Radio Ads

2. All Print Ads & press releases

3. Collateral Postings on the venue (up to 1m x 1m sized collaterals)

4. All T-shirts to be printed

5. All Streamers, Posters & Flyers

C. Platinum Sponsor 3,000.00

1. All Radio Ads

2. Selected Print Ads & press releases

3. Collateral Postings on all venues (up to 1m x 1m sized collaterals)

4. All T-shirts to be printed

5. All Streamers, Posters & Flyers

D. Gold Sponsor 2,000.00

1.. Selected Radio Ads

2. Selected Print Ads & press releases

3. Collateral Postings on selected venues (up to 0.5m x 0.5m sized collaterals)

4. All T-shirts to be printed

5. Selected Streamers, Posters & Flyers

E. X-deals more or less 2,500.00 worth of Goods &/or Services

1. Selected Radio Ads

2. Selected Print Ads & press releases

3. Collateral Postings on selected venues (up to 0.5m x 0.5m sized collaterals)

4. All T-shirts to be printed

5. Selected Streamers, Posters & Flyers

F. Donors:

Any amount to help promote Abatan River as an additional and/or alternate tourist destination. The effort would also help preserve the pristine conditions of the Abatan River and its surrounding marsh, mangrove and nipa forest.

For more details please contact:

Gil Ocena
Advertising Committee Chair
Residence No. (038) 411-2521
Mobile No. (0919) 479-2809


Theme: Pakigsandurot sa Kinaiyang Bol-anon
City of Tagbilaran

Date Time Activity Venue Sponsor/s Point Person(s)


22 Friday 9:00 AM Opening of Trade/Agri/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy

23 Saturday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy

24 Sunday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy

25 Monday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy

26 Tuesday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy

27 Wednesday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy

28 Thursday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy

29 Friday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy

30 Saturday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy


1 Sunday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM Sandugo Punch-Fest City Government Mr. Mark Monton

2 Monday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
9:00 AM Opening of Plant & Garden Show Tourist Port Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM Variety Show Tourist Port DepEd -City Division Mr. Joseph Barrete

3 Tuesday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show Tourist Port Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM The Singing Priests Tourist Port PMI Colleges- Bohol Mr. Misoro Salamera

4 Wednesday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM Battle of the Bands Tourist Port SMB Mr. Ulysses Salise

5 Thursday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM Battle of the Bands Tourist Port SMB Mr. Ulysses Salise

6 Friday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM CVSCAFT Night Tourist Port CVSCAFT Mr. Lorenzo Sarigumba

7 Saturday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM HNU Night Tourist Port Holy Name University Mr. Marianito Luspo
8Sunday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM The Episode of Rizal Tourist Port Bohol Institute of Technology Mr. Aniceto Moreno

9 Monday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM Nightly Show Tourist Port DepEd- Province Mr. Agad

10 Tuesday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM CellMart and Bohol Tropics Night Tourist Port CellMart in coop w/ Bohol Tropics Mr. Andrew Tan

11 Wednesday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM JJ's Night w/ a Band Tourist Port JJs Seafood Village Mr. Obdulio Jun Caturza

12 Thursday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM BFDP Variety Show Tourist Port Bohol Federation of Disabled Persons (BFDP) Mr. Timoteo Quilas

13 Friday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM HSS Variety Show Tourist Port Holy Spirit School Mr. Virgilia Fudolig

14 Saturday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM Cruisin at the Port Tourist Port Cruztelco / City Tires Engr. Eduardo Relampagos

15 Sunday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM Tourist Port Bohol Quality Mall Mr. Frderick Ong

16 Monday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM Tourist Port Save and Earn Mr. Dennis Roldan

17 Tuesday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Plant & Garden Show City Hall Grounds Prov'l Agriculture's Office Ms. Liza Quirog
8:00 PM Nightly Show Tourist Port Singaporean Claypot Mr. Philip Chew

18 Wednesday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Opening: Sandugo Product & Lifestyle Fair ICM Sky High DTI Ma. Elena Arbon
8:00 PM Nightly Show Tourist Port Du Ek Sam Dr. Wilson Du
8:00 PM Nightly Show Tourist Port Alturas Group of Companies Mr. Ariel Fullido

19 Thursday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Sandugo Product & Lifestyle Fair ICM Sky High DTI Ms. Ma. Elena Arbon
8:00 PM Miss Bohol Gay Sandugo 2007 Tourist Port Bohol Gay Association Mr. Jun Quimpan

20 Friday 8:00 AM Trade/Agri/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Cook Fest Professional Category ICM Activity Center DTI Mr. Obdulio Jun Caturza
8:00 AM Sandugo Product & Lifestyle Fair ICM Sky High DTI Ms. Ma. Elena Arbon
8:00 PM Battle of the Bands Tourist Port SMB Mr. Ulysses Salise

21 Saturday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Cook Fest Novice Category BQ Mall Act. Center DTI Mr. Obdulio Jun Caturza
8:00 AM Sandugo Product & Lifestyle Fair ICM Sky High DTI Ms. Ma. Elena Arbon
8:00 PM Stop, LUKE & Listen: Rewind HNU Gym SK Federation Mr. John Torralba
8:00 PM Battle of the Bands Tourist Port SMB Mr. Ulysses Salise

22 Sunday 8:00 AM Trade/Food Fair Tourist Port BSFI Mr. Mario Uy
8:00 AM Sandugo Product & Lifestyle Fair ICM Sky High DTI Ms. Ma. Elena Arbon
9:30 AM Streetdancing (Jump-off) CPG Sports Complex BSFI Ms. Carmen Gatal and Mr. Joseph Barrete
1:00 PM Streetdancing (Field Performance) CPG Sports Complex BSFI Ms. Carmen Gatal
6:00 PM Sandugo Reenactment CPG Sports Complex BSFI Ms. Carmen Gatal
8:00 PM Battle of the Bands: Grand Finals Tourist Port SMB Mr. Ulysses Salise

23 Monday 8:00 AM Sandugo Product & Lifestyle Fair ICM Sky High DTI Ms. Ma. Elena Arbon

Posted by:

Fiel Angeli Espejo Araoarao - Gabin
City Information Officer
Tagbilaran City, Bohol






PLEASE TAKE NOTE: BNHS BUKANG LIWAYWAY DANCE TROUPE FOR OUR 30TH ANNIV IN 2009. On June 21, 1979, Wincesa ‘Mama Wincie’ Balatero Espejo - Araoarao, founded the BNHS Bukang Liwayway Dance Troupe, together with colleagues Oscar Real, Delia Torculas (Cinchez), Eva Espuelas, Tarcisia Mahinay (Quilatan), Daylinda Jayag, Baby Estremos, Mae Pizarras (Baton), Leona Millanar, Rodrigo Almedilla and Rosario Almedilla. Aside from its many victories through the years, the BNHS BLDT Group, the first place winner in the provincial Hadla nga Bol-anon folk dance competition (Dec.12, 1986), also got the championship trophy in the Regional Sayawit Folk Dance Festival (Jan.16, 1987) in Cebu City for its Kuratsa Boholana-Kuradang presentation.

When Mama Wincie availed of the Early Retirement Program and left for New York City, USA on June 24, 1989, Mr. Real has dutifully led the group to new opportunities. The values Mama Wincie learned from Lolo Aloy and Lola Pining and her experiences in life are all reflected in the lines of the Bukang Liwayway Dance Troupe theme song she composed in Sept.1988, completed in Aug. 2004 on the occasion of BLDT’s 25th anniversary and which she memorized by heart: ‘Bukang liwayway, s’yang nagbibigay buhay, pagod at pawis tinatamasa, hindi pinapansin, kutyain ma’t hamakin, layunin lamang ay natupad; paghihirap dulot sa puso, alay lamang sa Diyos at tao.’ Recalling the moments since 1979, and looking forward to the 30th anniversary of the group in 2009 is indeed a significant milestone. With this humble endeavor, it is hoped that former members of Bukang Liwayway Dance Troupe will be bound in reminiscence of those wonderful years with the group.

Fiel Angeli Espejo Araoarao – Gabin
Former Member, BLDT[/img]

Flying high and going places with
A-1 student. Beauty queen. Medical technologist. Cathay Pacific Airways flight attendant.
By Fiel Angeli E. Araoarao – Gabin

1)   Dyndyn, the conscientious career woman,
              almost 14 years now with the Cathay Pacific Airways fleet,
              among the best in the world

2) Blast from the past. Dyndyn at center, wearing Cathay’s third
     uniform (from 1954-1962), with other crew. (Uniforms are just
    some of the designs worn Cathay Pacific’s 60 years of service) 
3)  Dyndyn with a supervisor and a pilot.

4) As “hands-on” mom to 16-month-old son Neil Francis, the youngest

5) Happiness is being with her family in
Hong Kong: with husband Arthur Dave,
Nicole, Natalie and Neil.
The following lines were taken from Edward Lear’s “The Owl and the Pussycat:” “The owl and the pussycat went to the sea, in a beautiful pea-green boat. They took some honey and plenty of money, wrapped up in a five-pound note…And hand in hand, on the edge of the sand, they danced by the light of the moon, the moon, the moon. They danced by the light of the moon.” Those lines have been etched in my memory since our elementary years at Holy Spirit School. The poem was a favorite piece of Dyndyn, my oh-so-pretty and smart classmate back then.

When I e-mailed her last week to ask for information about herself, she did reply after a Taipei flight and told me she was so busy from arranging her eldest daughter's 12th birthday party which was followed by a 'sleep-over.' The celebration lasted for three (3) days. She was also in the thick of things for the barbecue cum Halloween party attended by more than 50 people, plus more than 30 kids, in the CX (Cathay Pacific) community where they live in Laguna City, Kowloon, Hong Kong.

Geraldee “Dyndyn” Vallejo Campbell – Balbona, born on July 27, 1970 in Sta. Mesa, Manila, is the eldest of three (3) children and the only daughter of John Mumar Campbell from Bool, Tagbilaran City, assistant cashier of PNB-Tagbilaran before he retired in 1992 to immigrate to the United States with his family, and Azucena Lupiba Vallejo from Calape, an elementary teacher, who, before retiring from the service, was principal of Dao and Bool Elementary Schools and now works at the Department of Motor Vehicles in San Jose, California. Mrs. Campbell was also Mama Wincie’s co-performer, among the original cast of the very first staging of the Blood Compact “Sandugo” re-enactment here in Bohol in the late ‘70s or early ‘80s, with no less than Gen. Carlos P. Romulo, the first Asian to serve as president of the United Nations General Assembly (1949) and the only Filipino journalist to win the Pulitzer Prize, as guest of honor.

Dyndyn was a consistent honor student (and best speaker) in elementary, graduated salutatorian in high school (Holy Spirit School) and finished her bachelor’s degree in medical technology at Velez College in Cebu City. She took the 1991 licensure examination, passed, but never really practiced her profession as a medical technologist nor proceeded to medical school, as others would have opted. The walk-in interview in February 1993 ushered her way to exciting travel opportunities as flight attendant after she joined Cathay Pacific Airways, Ltd., a Hong Kong-based airline. Enjoying almost 14 years in the fleet, she’s currently a flight purser, in-charge of a cabin. (Cathay Pacific Airways is celebrating its 60th anniversary. Passengers love the different uniforms the crew wear at one flight since everyone look colorful and quite interesting, giving them a blast from the past.) 

In between flights or during her spare time (which isn’t much), she likes to read everything from fiction/ thriller to autobiographies, to the 'Lonely Planet'. Traveling and visiting places tops her list of favorite “things,” which, of course, she admits, was why she joined CX in the first place. Other than the Philippines, the Balbonas have picked their favorite family destinations: Bali and Phuket in Thailand for its wonderful beaches, relaxing atmosphere and great food; Singapore (it’s green, clean and the food's great, too!) and San Francisco and San Jose in California where her parents and brothers live, because the kids love the theme parks there. She hopes to bring her family to Europe, especially to London, Paris and Rome when the kids are bigger and more mature to absorb its culture.

Her personal favorite CX (Could also be package inclusive of airfare, hotel + transfer) ports are Singapore, Bangkok and Japan.  “I love to eat, as you have probably guessed by now, and I like trying different cuisines. Thai and Japanese food are among my all-time favorites. As for Paris (France), “the place just sweeps you away! You might think it's cliché, but it definitely is one of the most romantic places in the world!” According to her, she likes London (England) because of the theatres and still cries every time she watches  “Ms. Saigon.” (Sappy, huh?) Sydney (Australia) holds a special place in her heart since it was her first 'long haul flight.' San Francisco is never dull as it has such diverse culture, aside from the fact that her family lives nearby, which she considers an added bonus! (Once in a while, she spends time with her parents and younger brothers Jude, 34, married, formerly with the United States Air Force and now working at Valleymaid County Hospital in San Jose, California and Robert Glenn, 32, still single, a practicing lawyer, specializing in immigration, divorce, family laws and wills in Stockton, California.)

Dyndyn married her longtime college boyfriend, Arthur Dave “Ardee” Balbona from Cebu City, who is now the front office manager of Langham Hotel, a five-star hotel in Hong Kong and they’ve just celebrated our relationship's 19th anniversary. (****, has it really been that long ?!?)  The union was blessed with three lovely kids namely: Nicole Marie (12 y.o.), Natalie Elizabeth (4 y.o.) and Neil Francis (16 mos. old). She is delighted that her kids do well in school. Nicole is a constant 'academic proficiency awardee' and was 'Best in French' last school year at the Christian Canadian-French International School. Though still in lower kindergarten, Natalie had an “academic achievement award” of which she's very proud of (she says she's like her Ate Nikki whom she idolizes).

The once Miss Teen Tagbilaran 1988 and Miss Cebu Tourism '92 runner-up says she’s pretty much a “hands-on mom” who enjoys baking, swimming, biking or just playing with the kids. Dyndyn tries to be involved with their growth as much as she can. “Time flies so fast, I wouldn't want to regret anything! My husband even teases me saying, if there was an award for the most active and dedicated Mom, then, it would go to me since I'm a constant 'volunteer Mom' in school…I'd have to say my children give me constant joy (and that's an understatement!). They, literally, give me strength, an energy boost, even after a 14-hour flight from San Francisco! I guess all mothers out there would understand what I'm trying to say.”
'Live each day as if it were your last' has always been her guiding line. “I try to do my best in everything, from my line of work to being a 'mom.' I try not to worry too much... as it can cause needless burden and stress which no one needs, ‘though this part is and always will be a constant struggle for me.   I guess it's human nature to think too much!” she quips. As a perennial head-turner, I am sure that Dyndyn is one of the ladies to watch in the 25th anniversary reunion of our HSS Elementary Class of 1983 in July 2008. – Fiel Angeli E. Araoarao - Gabin

Defining Beauty with a Purpose

By Fiel Angeli E. Araoarao – Gabin

Her guiding principle: “Life is what we make it. Not the golden rule, but it’s what my parents used to tell me, and this line has
always been my inspiration, so as not to bargain better for good, nor settle with better if I could have the best. Ambitions are for free and the sky is the limit. Nothing comes from nothing. We have to set our goals and give our best to achieve them. We shouldn’t forget to wrap all our efforts with prayers because it is He who ultimately makes things happen.”

She was the pretty, lithe, fair-complexioned (must I say naïve? or demure?) young lady when Sir Oscar B. Real, Ma’am Minnie Villamor - del Rosario, Bohol National High School (BNHS) faculty members, and myself were the judges in the elimination round of the Miss Alturas Campus Personality held at the residence of Sir Marlito Uy (Alturas Group of Companies’ general manager) in Booy way back 1992. Vanessa Joyce “Bambi” Matuod Evardone, the fifth child (in the brood of seven) of Francisco M. Evardone, retired DILG Provincial Director, and Hospicia C. Matuod, who’s Master Teacher II and OIC-school principal of Manga Elementary School, is indisputably one of the pride of Manga District, Tagbilaran and the entire province, as well. How she  “gracefully” made her way to the ladder of success is truly inspiring, something worthy of emulation, but for sure, nobody can measure up to her feat. Well, not in the next 25 or 50 years, I believe.

Let’s start with her highly - impressive scholastic background. She was class salutatorian of Manga Elementary School in 1990. Her secondary education at BNHS was a major contributing factor to her long list of achievements. Bambi was class spelling bee and received the Philippine Science High School (PSHS) Award in 1990. In 1994, she was class valedictorian of BNHS and recipient of the Duty Medal Award, Philippine Insular Life Award and Philippine Senate Award.

She earned her degree in Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology at Southwestern University (SWU) in 1998, magna cum laude, was conferred the Most Outstanding Graduate of SWU citation and another special award for garnering the highest grade point average (GPA) of the entire graduating class of 1998. From 1994 to 1998, she was consistently No. 1 in the dean’s list, a member of the team that grabbed the championship plum of the Junior Chemical Society Quizbowl in 1995. Her leadership potentials were harnessed and recognized when she was elected president of the Medtech interns in 1998 and vice-president of the Cebu Blood Donors’ Society (1997-98). Her diligence and focus on her studies paid off as she was university scholar from 1998 to 2002, always occupying the top spot (No. 1) in the dean’s list and was cited as most outstanding in anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry, all nerve-wracking and mind-boggling subjects dreaded by most students. In the inter-medical school quizbowl (2000) sponsored by the Cebu Medical Society, Inc., her team bagged the championship trophy. She was also trusted with money matters as class treasurer from 1999 to 2002.

The next step towards success led her to Matias H. Aznar Memorial College of Medicine (MHAMCM)–SWU for medicine proper where she was able to avail of an academic scholarship from the Bisaya Medical Association of USA based in Florida; graduated cum laude and first (Top 1) in the College of Medicine graduating class 2002. Among her other awards were the SWU Academic Excellence Award, Most Outstanding in Pediatrics and Most Outstanding in Ophthalmology. She was granted post-graduate internship (PGI) at the University of the Philippines – Philippine General Hospital, but chose to serve as PGI at the Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center (VSMMC), formerly Southern Islands Hospital in Cebu City and earned the citation Most Outstanding PGI (MOP) – Batch 2003. She passed the qualifying exam for residency training (QERT) administered by the Department of Health (DOH) in July 2003, then the United States medical licensure exams (USMLE) – Step 1 in December 2003 and Step 2 in March of this year. Not only that. In April 2004, she was second placer (national ranking) in the career professional examinations given by the Civil Service Commission (CSC) and 14th placer in the Philippine licensure examination for physicians in August of 2004. Beat that?

The hardest part in medical school? The exams, she quipped. As it was just like in high school when students were in block sections. She told me that she gained more insights from friends who were mature enough to be cool, yet still have some childish stunts slipping in between. In medical school, there’s time to be serious and time to play. While studying in Cebu, Bambi, her brother Doydee and her sister Wowie did the laundry and cooked meals, as they were taught at home. Though some of her classmates found it rather incredible, internship was physically overwhelming as expected. Imagine 32 hours hospital duty, 48 hours even! They say “sleeping is a luxury in medicine.”  It’s true, but then people studying medicine belong to the age bracket who won’t need growth hormones (from sleep) because the growing process has long ceased (quite interesting). Her secret in school: “Intelligence plus diligence wrapped in prayers.”

Beauty and brains seldom go together. But in the case of Bambi, she is one of the rare species who is so fortunate to have the best of worlds. Her first beauty title was BNHS Binibining Agham, followed by the Binibining Agham – Bohol, which later paved the way to her winning the Region VII Binibining Agham ’92, Miss Alturas Campus Personality ’92, Mutya sa Tagbilaran ’94; Miss Bohol Sandugo ’94; Miss Medical Technology and Miss Southwestern University “96, SWU Golden Jubilee Queen and San Miguel Corporation (Mandaue) Muse ’97.

Having harmony is the family is very important to the Evardones. They also share in the success of each family member. The eldest is Mae Joy (my classmate for four years at BNHS), a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) graduate of then Divine Word College, the first nurse in the family, who is now in the dialysis unit of University of Connecticut, married to Engr. Daniel Curtis Falk. Jose Voltaire “Boyteh,” DWC graduate, nurse at the emergency care unit of Yale University Medical Center, also in Connecticut, living with wife Elma Ruaya, a physical therapist from Tagbilaran. Mutya sa Tagbilaran ’91 and Miss Bohol Sandugo ’91 second runner-up Joanna Cheryl “Chewee,” is 17th placer in the nurses’ licensure examination in May 1994 and now working as a nurse in the intensive coronary care unit in the same hospital with Boyteh.  Janice Michelle “Wowie,” Mutya sa Tagbilaran ’96 second runner-up, SWU-Miss Physical Therapy ’95 and Miss Volare ’93, turned out to be a licensed physical therapist who’s a university scholar all through her PT days, continued to be in medical school and graduated as No. 1 of her class and is now a physician connected with the Medical Mission Group Cooperative Hospital. Jose Socrates “Doydee” recently finished post-graduate medical internship at Cebu Doctors’ Hospital, but spent his medtech and medical courses at SWU and in year 2000 got an award for academic excellence as university scholar. He is bracing himself for the Philippine licensure exams for physicians. The youngest is Justin Francis “Jopet”, in his fifth and final year in architecture at the University of Bohol (UB), the only artist in the family especially gifted in the field of pens and figures.

Bambi happily recounts sweet memories of her childhood. There’s a two-year gap between each sibling, so they could divide into two (2) teams already to play “salangkati”(?) without having to import additional players and the choir’s complete during Christmas when they would go caroling. They shared the household chores; they took turns in washing the dishes and cooking rice. She still remembers there was a clipboard attached to a bulletin board so it was easier to check whose turn it was. There were also sweeping assignments. Bambi, who belonged to the younger half of the family, swept the kitchen, while the older siblings had bigger parts to clean proportionately. Since their mother had her hands full with schoolwork, the older siblings taught the younger ones how to do math and how to deal with grammar. When both parents would go to Cebu for something on particular occasions, everybody will then be excited because each of them would get a coloring and rhyme book as “pasalubong.” 

As Bambi had shared, her parents’ upbringing and methods of discipline were varied: whipping with one (1) or two (2) coconut midribs, rubber sandals (chinelas), leather belts, “lusi” (pinched especially over the inguinal area) or just sleep-inducing litany (I experienced all of that, too!).  As kids, they were not allowed too much television – TV viewing was only one hour a day, from six (6) to seven (7) in the evening during school days, and limited only to Newswatch, instead of Mickey Mouse and other cartoons.  Would you believe their childhood TV idols were Harry Gasser and Cathy Santillan-Veloso, newscasters of RPN-9? A constant reminder was posted in bold letters near the TV which says: “NO TELEVIEWING AFTER 7PM. TV IS ONLY GOOD FOR NEWS WATCHING. IF YOU HAVE NOTHING ELSE TO DO, READ. IF YOU’RE DONE STUDYING, SLEEP. 

This brilliant and charming lady physician met Dr. Carlito B. Astillero II, the love of her life, in medical school, while she was in her first year and he, in third year. According to her, it was his (future husband’s) close friend who courted her. This writer hadn’t a chance to ask what exactly transpired, but Carlito started courting Bambi during her third year. As she wasn’t the type to give up her pursuit for academic supremacy even under threat of macho stare, Bambi turned him down twice, but Carlito’s persistence must have smitten this beauty queen from Manga who finally opened her heart (for a one-on-one relationship) during her fourth year – internship – when she didn’t have to worry a lot about grades… Not many people know that Bambi and Carlito permanently sealed their union last April 11, 2005 at the Cathedral of Saint Joseph the Worker. By the last week of November, Carlito, after his three and a half-year residency training in general surgery at the Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center, will leave for the United States to join Bambi, now on her first-year residency training in internal medicine at the Caritas Carney Hospital-Tafts University in Boston, Massachusetts and will hopefully specialize in nephrology or cardiology in the future…and up to now, her favorite line is still – “there’s no pillow so soft than a clear conscience.” How true! (Fiel Angeli E. Araoarao – Gabin)

FOR SUNDAY, OCT. 29, 2006
Living life like LENI
 By Fiel Angeli E. Araoarao – Gabin   

(1) Leni and Mohd Zaheer Noor during Bollywood Night         
                            (2) Family bonding     
(3) Leni with Tasha and Nadya on their India trip   

                                 5) A fun day at the beach with the Zaheers

(4) Singapore Airlines Chief Steward Zaheer Noor as the loving father           

“…Live a happy and fulfilling life surrounded by people I love… To be there for the people that I love…To continuously learn and grow from lessons and mistakes that I make along the way...”

Her family once attended the birthday celebration of my sister Ann Claire back in the mid-70s as Ma’am Alice, her mother, and Mama Wincie were co-teachers at the Bohol Provincial High School (now Dr. Cecilio Putong National High School) at that time. I saw the photograph of that occasion while I was scrambling for my old pictures last week. I also recall that she and her younger sister Haidee would willingly sing during the children’s Christmas party organized by Auntie Esper (former regional director of the Department of Social Welfare and Development – Central Visayas) and Auntie Lita E. Bruñidor (a dedicated teacher at Cogon Elementary School) for their nieces and nephews.
Born on September 10, 1968 to Ens. Gorgonio Bruñidor Ingking (Cogon, Tagbilaran City), formerly with the Philippine Navy and Philippine Coast Guard, and Alicia Brown Casiguran (Catarman and San Antonio, Samar), Leni was a very active student leader at Holy Spirit School during her elementary days where she graduated with honors. It’s no surprise that when she transferred to Bohol National High School for her secondary education, she was the Class Salutatorian and recipient of the Gerry Roxas Leadership Award and Kiwanis Community Service Award. She was also our “kengkoy” (pardon my language) but very responsible leader in the BNHS Girl Scouting movement, Student Catholic Action (SCA) and in the Supreme Student Government (SSG). In 1983 or 1984, she was crowned Miss Bohol National High School Personality, exuding not only grace, charm and poise, but eloquence, talent and intelligence, as well. Now I remember Mama Wincie kept telling me many times before “awata na si Leni kay buo-tan” which never offended me at all as Leni’s my idol. It’s interesting to have known from her mom from our telephone conversation last Friday that Leni’s great grandfather, Theodore Brown, was in the US Navy and, in fact, was one of the American Liberation Forces assigned in Leyte and Samar in the Second World War.

A consistent dean’s lister and initiator of school activities, Leni obtained her degree in Bachelor of Arts – Major in Psychology from the University of the Philippines – Cebu. In 1990, she and another remarkable Boholana, May Amparo Valles Blanco, were among the youth participants in the Ship for Southeast Asian Youth Program (SSEAYP). It is a program for youth leaders, carried out by the government of Japan, with the active participation and cooperation of 10 Southeast Asian countries, based on the respective joint statements issued in January 1974 between Japan, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Brunei joined the program in 1985, Vietnam in 1996, Laos and Myanmar in 1998, and Cambodia in April 1999. SSEAYP aims to promote friendship and mutual understanding between the youth of Japan and Southeast Asian countries, broaden their perspective on the world, strengthen their motivation and ability in international cooperation by participating in discussions and in various exchange activities both on-board and in the countries visited. On board the ship, the youth delegates are provided learning activities such as discussions, solidarity group activities, club activities, introduction to each country, lectures, studies for safe voyage, including lifeboat drills other activities approved by Cruise Operating Committee (COC). In the countries that they visit, the youth delegates do courtesy calls, homestay, parties on board, and open ship, program on interaction with local people during a visit to facility. Other activities are arranged by the respective governments and the reception committee. Participating youths are expected to progress to leadership positions in youth activities in their own countries after this program. It was during the SSEAYP trip that Leni met the love of her life, husband Mohd Zaheer Noor, Singapore Airlines Chief Steward (the team leader of the Bohol ROPES Project which has adopted Eastern Cogon Elementary School in Cogon District as its beneficiary school. (The group is now on its second year of doing supplemental feeding and school repair projects.)
Leni is the fifth in a family of six children. Renato, the eldest, died in the early ‘90s.Vilma Ingking Uayan is working at the National Irrigation Administration - Bohol. The third, Col. Edgardo Ingking, after serving as Chief of Police of the Tagbilaran City Police Station in July 2003 up to 2004, was sent to Liberia as member of the United Nations peace-keeping forces, while the fourth, Gorgonio Jr., is a seafarer. Haidee, the youngest (also my schoolmate), working in an advertising company in Singapore, was Miss Bohol National High School Personality 1989 and runner-up in the Mutya sa Tagbilaran and Miss Bohol Sandugo beauty tilts. (Trivia: Leni, together with then Maribojoc Mayor Paula Raagas Valles, former Miss BHS and Miss Bohol title holder, crowned this writer as Miss BNHS Personality in 1986, while I passed on the crown to Haidee in 1989.)
The former student leader is now personal assistant to the managing director and information manager of Design Bridge Asia, a global branding firm. She was awarded Singapore's Administrative Professional Award 2006-2008 and will be representing Singapore in the ASA Asia Pacific Awards to be held in Bombay, India next month. She is currently on her final year of Master of Science in Knowledge Management, Nanyang Technological University. For the past 10 years, she has been conducting classes on Filipino culture and language and does volunteer work with special kids and in old folks’ homes.
According to Leni, who likes music, singing, baking, travel, and all sorts of activities that involve her two children Tasha, 10, at Primary 4 and Nadya, 7, Primary 1 at Fuchun Primary School (Singapore), she has found satisfaction, contentment and happiness in being with and learning with her daughters and family. As a student and youth leader in the past, people expected her to be a successful career woman, but at the onset of the peak her career, she decided to prioritize her kids and quit work for about five (5) years. She rejoined the workforce only when the kids were bigger and started off with a simple admin job to ensure that she has more time and energy for the kids. After all, “life is not all about work and careers, it's about the relationships that we foster and nurture; its' about making other people happy and feeling happy in the process: it's about doing small things that make this world a better place to live in.”  (Fiel Angeli E. Araoarao – Gabin)



Bohol’s Shining Little Star

By Fiel Angeli E. Araoarao – Gabin

Seven years ago, as a very charming five (5) -year-old kinder pupil, she caught the audience’s fancy when she was given the “Most Outstanding Performer” award from among all the recitalists, aside from the “Best Performer for Level 1 – A” trophy during the 2nd Recital of Herliz Music Studio (which I emceed) at Metrocenter Hotel. At that moment, Rosemarie Balandra Nini and Phoebe Barajan Brigoli (who recently married Ezra Laurent from St. Croix, Virgin Islands and Miami, Florida), after seeing the little girl’s remarkable talent, committed to be her voice coaches for years.

Every Sunday, during the 6:00 a.m. mass at the Cathedral of Saint Joseph the Worker, she, her older brother Christian Ace Niño and sister Kristine Jessa, fulfill their weekly devotion of singing with the Youth Franciscans of the Immaculate (YFI) choir. It is such a great joy for their parents to see their children share their talents for the glory of God.

Born on December to 5, 1993 to Rubio Josol Escobedo (Calape) and Georgie Garcia Escobedo (Talibon) who have always been supportive of their children, Kathleen Joy or “Kathy,” a Grade 6 pupil of Bohol Wisdom School, is a familiar face in town. Definitely, she has had her first taste of show business and “stardom” here in Bohol

According to her Mama Georgie, she wants to collect trophies, that is why she always projects confidence in every competition she joins. In the pre-fiesta entertainment treat “Sambunot sa Awit”- Bulilit Category Vocal Singing Contest in Tubigon, Bohol (May 12, 2005), she was the grand champion. Believing in the importance of honing their children’s potentials, Kathy’s parents enrolled her in the speech class of the Fil-Canadian Training and Development Center Summer Enhancement 2005 where she got the first place in the declamation contest at BQ Atrium Entertainment Center (May 21, 2005). Another victory was in the way. In September 2005, her powerful voice and impressive performance won for her the championship trophy of the “Quest for the Voice” – Kids Category Vocal Singing Contest held at the Island City Mall Activity Center. Towards the end of 2005, she competed in the “Tuklas Talino – PLDT Search for Singing Idol” -Kids Category conducted at RCBC Plaza in Makati, Metro Manila on December 3, 2005 and came home as grand champion.

When ABS-CBN Channel 3 of Cebu launched the “Little Big Star” singing tilt hosted by Sheryn Regis of the “Star in A Million” fame, she tried her luck in the competition and was seen all over Visayas and Mindanao as regional winner – Star for the month of February 2006, an honor which ushered her to the national finals of “Little Big Star” Contest of ABS-CBN TV Channel 2 in Manila (which enjoy viewership all over the country and around the world through “The Filipino Channel” (TFC) in May 2006 hosted by Pop Princess Sarah Geronimo. Let’s just say the tides were against her that she was not blessed with the victory she aspired for at that time, but she certainly learned valuable lessons out of that experience.

The previous school years had been equally colorful and productive for Kathy as consistently garnering the first honors in both English and Chinese from Kinder until Grade 5, first place in the vocal solo contest sponsored by the IAC – Talent Search Unlimited in July 2001, August 2002 and August 2003, “Most Participative” during the GMRC Week in October 2003, November 2004 and October 2005, First Achiever in Religious Education in the first grading period of 2003 to 2004, first grading period of 2004 to 2005, second grading period of 2004 to 2005, and third grading period of 2005 to 2006, respectively. Her participation in the Search for Miss Intramurals in September 2005 earned for her the second runner-up trophy.

Indeed, this school year 2006-2007 has been very fruitful for her. Her leadership qualities have given her the position of president of the Student Coordinating Body, vice-governor of the Sports Club, mayor of Grade 6 Yakal, press relations officer of both Math and Homemakers Clubs, and member of the English Club in her school. Last August, she was first place winner of the declamation contest during the Filipino Week, also awarded as “Most Responsible” during the Good Manners and Right Conduct (GMRC) Week and was first honor in the first grading period of the Grade 6 Class.

At 12 years old, she has many great things going for her, especially that she has been chosen to play the character of young “Salud,” the lead role in the Cebuanovela “MILYONARYONG MINI,” under ABS-CBN TV Channel 3 Cebu Production Management and Alba Productions aired every Monday to Friday at 5:00 p.m. at Channel 3 and Channel 10 for cable subscribers. What is so interesting about this girl, said her Papa Rubio, is that she manages to budget her time for guesting commitments here and in Cebu, religious involvements, school activities and quality time with her family.

Among her recent public exposures were the “Milyonaryong Mini” mall shows at SM-Cebu Entertainment Center, guest performances in the “Little Big Star - Cebu” Season 3 grand finals and TV guesting at “Jud Morning!” of ABS-CBN Cebu. In spite of her many commitments, Kathy’s life with her family at St. Joseph Village in Dampas District still remains “simple.”  She still listens to the music, sings along with her Papa (who makes it a point to guide her in vocalizing), reads books, plays computer games just like other children her age, even if she has to dabble on assignments and reviews for mastery tests.

Kathy is every parent’s wish, the kind of daughter every father and mother would love to have - sweet, good-natured, responsible, intelligent, beautiful and talented (and with star quality)…Bohol’s shining little star still has more to prove to herself, but with the talent, discipline and positive outlook in life that she has, for sure, her star will continue to shine in the future. (FAEAGABIN)


Erico B. Aumentado               Governor   (+6338) 411-3300; 235-5067 501-9072; 411-4821F
Julius Caesar F. Herrera          Vice Governor   (+6338) 411-5669; 411-3496; 235-3598; 501-9800
Edgar M. Chatto               1st District Congressman   (+6338) 411-3123
Roberto Cajes                2nd District Congressman   (+6338) 411-2517; 515-0242
Eladio M. Jala               3rd District Congressman   (+6338) 411-5279; 411-2514; 500-1090

Sangguniang Panlalawigan Members
Jose E. Veloso               1st District Board Member   (+6338) 235-3472; 501-9917
Felix R. Uy                                    1st District Board Member   (+6338) 411-5862; 501-9081
Eufrasio M. Mascarinas            1st District Board Member   (+6338) 411-4930; 501-9901
Amalia R. Tirol               2nd District Board Member   (+6338) 411-3442
Ma. Fe Camacho-Lejos            2nd District Board Member   (+6338) 411-5881; 501-5556
+Felix Garcia               2nd District Board Member   
Concepcion O. Lim               3rd District Board Member   (+6338) 411-4892
Ester Corazon J. Galbreath      3rd District Board Member   (+6338) 411-4771; 501-9401
Dionisio D. Balite               3rd District Board Member   (+6338) 411-5747; 501-9102
Godofreda O. Tirol               3rd District Board Member   (+6338) 411-4874
Cariso R. Camacho               ABC President   (+6338) 411-5706
Brigido Z. Imboy               PCL President   (+6338) 411-3201
Francis Bobbith R. Cajes-Auza   SK President   (+6338) 411-5914

Chiefs of Provincial Offices
Atty. Tomas D. Abapo, Jr.   Acting Provincial Administrator   (+6338) 411-4729; 501-9872
Romeo S. Teruel                        Chief of Staff   (+6338) 411-3560
Felix Mejorada                        Administrative Officer IV   (+6338) 411-3063; 501-9872
Primitiva Ontong                        Executive Assistant on Fiscal Management   (+6338) 411-3560; 411-4729
Joseth J. Celocia                         Provincial Accountant   (+6338) 411-3444; 501-9735   Audit Div. - 411-5861
Eustaquio A. Socorin                        OIC Provincial Treasurer   (+6338) 411-5869; 501-9757 Teller - 411-3443
Valeria M. Orig                        Provincial Budget Officer   (+6338) 411-3712; 501-9122
Edgardo Orig                        OIC Provincial Assessor   (+6338) 411-2029; 501-9925
Atty. Juanito G. Cambangay   Provincial Planning and Development Coordinator   (+6338) 411-4405                Admin Div- 411-4406; 411-2088
Atty. Handel A. Lagunay   OIC              Provincial Attorney   (+6338) 411-3856; 501-9492
Ildefonso Maslog   OIC              Human Resource Mngt. & Dev't. Officer   (+6338) 411-2022; 235-3549; 501-9211
Engr. Rosalinda Yu                        Provincial General Services Officer Administrative DivisionProcurement Division   
                                                               Cultural Center   (+6338) 411-4820; 411-3441; 501-9908(+6338) 411-3030; 235-5597
                                                                (+6338) 411-3927  (+6338) 411-3892
Engr. Edwin T. Vallejos                        Provincial Engineer   (+6338) 411-2092; 235-3925; 411-2093; Lab - 235-3918
Engr. Abraham D. Clarin   Chief, Provincial Motorpool   (+6338) 411-3299
Constancia S. Tunacao   Provincial Social & Welfare Development Officer   (+6338) 411-3080; 501-8014
Dr. Reymoses A. Cabagnot   OIC Provincial Health Officer   (+6338) 411-4812; 411-2225; 235-4916; 501-7535
Dr. Stella Marie Lapiz                        Provincial Veterinarian   (+6338) 411-2378; 500-1391
Nunila M. Pinat   OIC              Provincial Agriculturist   (+6338) 411-5892; 411-3328; 500-1368                                        ATI - (+6338) 500-1280
Ret. Col. Jacinto Piquero OIC           Bohol Detention & Rehabilitation Center (BDRC)   (+6338) 500-0599
Rita Requeron   OIC              Philippine National Red Cross   (+6338) 501-9175

Satellite Offices under the Office of the Governor
Antonieto Pernia                        Prov'l Gov't Media Affairs   (+6338) 411-5933; 501-9872
Judith Sumatra   Acting Head           Bohol Center for Dev't. Studies   (+6338) 501-9294 TF
Joseph Lemuel Camacho    Head  SEF Office   (+6338) 501-9097
Generoso A. Balan   Head                 Brgy. Affairs Office   (+6338) 501-9644; 501-9294 TF;
Severino Caberte      Head                 Provincial Cooperative Development Council (PCDC)   (+6338) 501-9097
Romulo Tagaan        Head                 Bohol Employment & Placement Office (BEPO)   (+6338) 411-3544; 501-9847 TF
Renato Villaber          Head                Bohol Environment Management Office (BEMO)   (+6338) 235-5524; 235-5525; 501-9912
Baby Balio   Head                                 Bohol Tourism O ffice   (+6338) 411-3666; 501-9186
Fancy Baluyot             Head                Bohol Health & Social Services Office   (+6338) 411-2486; 501-9196
Enriquita Butalid         OIC                  Center for Cultural & Arts Dev't. Office (CCAD)    (+6338) 501-9287
Dulce Glovasa        In-Charge           Governor's Mansion   (+6338) 411-3573
Ma. Fe Dominise     Acting Head      Bohol Investment Promotions Center (BIPC)    (+6338) 501-8676; 235-6039
Engr. Mario Batoy      Head                Bohol Law Enforcement Communication System (BLECS)   (+6338) 411-3369
Antonieto I. Pernia      OIC                  Bohol Poverty Reduction & Monitoring Office (BPRMO/PAMO)   (+6338) 501-8062, 411-2143

Legislative Branch
Bonifacio M. Quirog                         Provincial Secretary   (+6338) 411-3045; 411-5316
Bonifacia G. Cloma                         Provincial Librarian   (+6338) 411-2642

Regional Trial Courts
Hon. Teofilo D. Baluma                         Presiding Judge, Branch 1   (+6338) 411-2207
Hon. Baudillo K. Dosdos    Presiding Judge, Branch 2   (+6338) 411-3157
Hon. Venancio Amila                         Presiding Judge, Branch 3   (+6338) 411-3390
Hon. Achilles L. Melicor                         Presiding Judge, Branch 4   (+6338) 411-2286
                                               Branch 47   (+6338) 411-4851
Hon. Pablo P. Magdoza                         Presiding Judge, Branch 48   (+6338) 411-4548
Hon. Fernando Fuentes II   Presiding Judge, Branch 49   (+6338) 411-3049
Hon. Dionisio R. Calibo, Jr.   Presiding Judge, Branch 50 Loay, Bohol   (+6338) 538-9180
Hon. Patsita S. Gamutan   Presiding Judge, Branch 51 Carmen, Bohol   (+6338) 525-9199
Hon. Irma Zita V. Masamayor   Presiding Judge, Branch 52 Talibon, Bohol   (+6338) 515-0201
Hon. Sisinio Virtudazo                        Presiding Judge, MTCC Branch 1   
Hon. Emma G. Eronico-Supremo   Presiding Judge, MTCC Branch 2   
Hon. Leo M. Lison                         Presiding Judge, MTCC Dauis/Panglao, Bohol   
Hon.Manuel A. De Castro   Presiding Judge, MTCC Jagna/G-Hernandez, Bohol   
Hon. Avelino Puracan                        Presiding Judge, MTCC Trinidad/San Miguel/ Dagohoy, Bohol   
Hon. Antonio O. Uy                        Presiding Judge, MTCC Loboc/Dimiao, Bohol   
Hon. Salud C. Migriño                        Presiding Judge, MTCC Balilihan/Sikatuna/Corella, Bohol   
Hon. Lolita Del Mundo Gaviola   Presiding Judge, MTCC Ubay/Pres. Garcia/Bien Unido, Bohol   
Hon. James Stewart Ramon E. Himalaloan   Presiding Judge Mun. Trial Court (MTC) Loon, Bohol   

City / Municipal Mayors
Hon. Efren D. Tungolh                        Alburquerque  Office: (+6338) 539-9080; 539-9204 Police Station: (+6338) 539-9149; 539-9999
Hon. Bienvenido C. Molina Jr.   Alicia   Office: (+6338) 521-2070
Hon. Paulino T. Amper   Anda   Office: (+6338) 528-2009
Hon. Samuel O. Rebosura   Antequera   Office: (+6338) 506-5007                  Police Station: (+6338) 506-5054
Hon. Benecio R. Uy                        Baclayon   Office: (+6338) 540-9280
Hon. Dominisio L. Chatto   Balilihan   Office: (+6338) 411-2338 loc. 105; 507-3106
Hon. Sixto T. Dano, Jr.                        Batuan   Office: (+6338) 533-9000 TF          Info No: (+6338) 533-9101
Hon. Marianita L. Garcia   Bien Unido   Office: (+6338) 517-2145; 517-2146; 517-2288
Hon. Fanuel O. Cadelina   Bilar   Office: (+6338) 535-9144 TF         Info No: (+6338) 535-9076-77
Hon. Elsa G. Tirol                        Buenavista   Office: (+6338) 513-9175; 513-9085
Hon. Ernest C. Herrera II   Calape   Office: (+6338) 507-9085                   Fax No: (+6338) 507-9180
Hon. Sergio Amora Jr.                        Candijay   Office: (+6338) 526-0121
Hon. Pedro E. Budiongan Jr.   Carmen   Office: (+6338) 525-9000 TFFax No: (+6338) 525-9059
Hon. Roberto Salinas                         Catigbian   Office: (+6338) 411-2338 loc 102
Hon. Hermogenes L. Diezon    Clarin   Office: (+6338) 509-9179Fax No: (+6338) 509-9178
Hon. Vito B. Rapal                         Corella   Office: (+6338) 411-3865; 411-2979
Hon. Apolinaria Balistoy    Cortes   Office: (+6338) 503-9201Police Station: (+6338) 503-9200
Hon. Sofronio C. Apat Jr.    Dagohoy   Office: (+6338) 524-0036
Hon. Louis Thomas R. Gonzaga    Danao   PCO-PLDT
Hon. Luciano Bongalos    Dauis   Office: (+6338) 411-4745                 Info No: (+6338) 411-4077 TF
Hon. Alejandrino R. Adame    Dimiao   Office: (+6338) 536-1031 TF
Hon. Manuel C. Tan                         Duero    Office: (+6338) 530-1002 TF
Hon. Myrna N. Schreurs   Garcia-Hernandez   Office: (+6338) 532-5034; 532-5035 TF
Hon. Theresa M. Camacho   Getafe   Office: (+6338) 514-9006
Hon. Oriculo A. Granada   Guindulman   Office: (+6338) 529-1181 TF
Hon. Josephine Socorro C. Jumamoy   Inabanga   Office: (+6338) 512-9088 TF; 512-9208; 512-9890                       
                                                                       Fax No: (+6338) 512-9900
Hon. Exuperio C. Lloren   Jagna   Office: (+6338) 238-2256Fax No: (+6338) 238-2845
Hon. Telesforo L. Balagosa   Lila   Office: (+6338) 536-5012; 536-5188
Hon. Leonides P. Tiongco   Loay   Office: (+6338) 538-9080; 538-9082
Hon. Leon A. Calipusan   Loboc   Office: (+6338)537-9090; 537-9488 TF
Hon. Cesar Tomas M. Lopez   Loon   Office: (+6338) 505-9131               Fax No: (6338) 505-9132
Hon. Stephen A. Rances   Mabini   Office: (+6338) 522-3069 TF
Hon. Gabino C. Redulla   Maribojoc   Office: (+6338) 504-9979
Hon. Doloreich Dumaluan   Panglao   Office: (+6338) 502-8080 TF; 502-8300; 502-8200
Hon. Wilson L. Pajo   Pilar   Office: (+6338) 523-2026; 523-2004
Hon. Fernando P. Boyboy   Pres. Garcia   Office : (+6338) 519-2010
Hon. Jimmy L. Torrefranca   Sagbayan   Office: (+6338) 511-9028 TF
Hon. Requillo S. Samuya   San Isidro   Office: +639128905972; +639205641035
Hon. Silvino C. Evangelista   San Miguel   Office: (+6338) 520-3016 TF
Hon. Ceferino C. Digal                        Sevilla   Office: +639185480862; +639154378823
Hon. Simplicio C. Maestrado Jr.   Sierra Bullones   Office: (+6338) 527-1001; 527-1078 Telefax No: (+6338) 527-1079
Hon. Tranquilina T. Maniwang   Sikatuna   Office: (+6338) 541-0020
Hon. Dan Neri Lim                         Tagbilaran City   Office: (+6338) 411-3715; 411-3720; 411-4745; 411-2096; 411-        3130;                                                       501-9350             Fax No: (+6338) 235-3478Fire Station: (+6338) 235-3991; 235-4941
Hon. Juanario A. Item                         Talibon   Office: (+6338) 515-0051
Hon. Osias A. Flor                         Trinidad   Office: (+6338) 516-1023 TF; 516-1057
Hon. Paulo M. Lasco                         Tubigon   Office: (+6338) 508-8222
Hon. Eutiquio Bernales   Ubay    Office: (+6338) 518-0064               Fax No: (+6338) 331-1048
Hon. Henrietta Lim-Gan    Valencia   Office: (+6338) 532-0163

National Offices
Col. Arthur I. Tabaquero   302nd Infantry Brigade   (+6338) 501-7035
Lt. Col. Emmanuel Felino Ramos   46IB Bilar   
Lt. Col. Donato Cirilo Thomas   15IB Riverside   CO (+6338) 526-5530              Admin (+6338) 526-0450
Lt. Col. Noel Buan                         1SRBN Carmen   
Engr. Eugene Cahiles                          Agricultural Promotions Center (APC)   (+6338) 411-2436, 411-4136, 501-7538
Carolyn May O. Daquio                          Agricultural Training Institute (ATI)   (+6338) 411-3156; Fax 500-1280
Justo Cabahug                         Air Transportation Office (ATO)   (+6338)411-3320
Engr. Nilo Fortich                         Area Equipment Engineering    
Maj. Prospero Salas                         BCDC 7 RCDU ARC    (+6338)235-6174; 500-1873
Hermes P. Angoy                         Boy Scouts of the Philippines   (+6338)411-3392
                                               Bureau of Animal Industry   (+6338)411-2378
F/CInsp. Nonilo P. Acero    Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)   (+6338)411-3586, hotline 160
Allan Poquita                         Bureau of Fisheries & Aquatic Resources (BFAR) (+6338)500-0849, 411-4714, 235-4833
Wilma T. Elivera                          Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR)   (+6338)411-2012, 411-3940, 411-5919
J/SInsp. Fortunator Cadungog    Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BJMP)   (+6338)411-3525
Gavino L. Paden                         Bureau of Land Transportation   (+6338)501-7007
Nelson Chua                         Bureau of Telecommunications    (+6338)411-3866, 411-3879
Victoria C. Lerias                         Bureau of Treasury    (+6338)411-3662
Dir. Nissi Cherith V. Asis   Civil Service Commission (CSC) Field Office    (+6338)411-3979
Atty. Rogelio T. Puagang    Clerk of Court - Multiple Salas    (+6338)411-3271
Atty. Charlita R. Leopoldo   Commission on Audit (COA)   (+6338)411-3055, 235-5055, 501-7754
Atty. Veronico Petalcorin   Commission on Elections   (+6338)411-3173
Mario Limbaga                        Cooperative Development Authority   (+6338)411-4629
Juan L. Miranda                        DA - Bohol Experimental Station    
Cresencio Pahamutang    DA - Calape Fishery Complex, Bentig, Calape   
Ma. Paz Loquellano                        DA - Clarin Freshwater Farm, Caluasan, Clarin   
                                              DA - Gabi Ubay   (+6338)518-0270
Caro Salces                         DA - Philippine Carabao Center   
Leo Bongalos                        DA - Ubay Brackish Fishfarm   
Joel A. Elumba                         DA - Ubay Stock Farm    (+6338)518-0298
Moreno Tagra                        DENR - CENRO Tagbilaran   (+6338)411-2357, 411-2278, 235-4597
Alipio A. Llorente                         DENR - CENRO Talibon    
Eduardo Inting                        DENR - PENRO    (+6338)411-3764, 411-2278, 235-5009
Atty. Johnson A. Sinco                        Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR)(+6338)411-2816, 411-3155, 235-3560, 235-4738,
                                               Department of Budget Management (DBM)   (+6338)411-3521, 501-9833
                                               Department of Justice (DOJ)   (+6338)411-3403
Mr. Wilson C. Cenas                          Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE)   (+6338)411-3546; 501-8017
Engr. Marcial M. Tanggaan    Department of Science and Technology (DOST)   (+6338)411-3620; 501-7070
Dr. Cerina C. Bolos, Ph.D.     Department of Education (DepEd) Division of BoholDepEd - City DepEd - BilarDepEd - CarmenDepEd - Loay                        DepEd - Inabanga DepEd - Maribojoc DepEd - Trinidad DepEd - Tubigon    (+6338)411-                                                                4928, 411-4939, 411-2544, 411-2720, 501-7550(+6338)235-6239(+6338)535-9139
                                      (+6338)525-9002 (+6338)538-9888(+6338)512-9127(+6338)504-9154(+6338)516-1060(+6338)508-8150
Rustica Mascariñas                         Department of the Interior & Local Government (DILG)   (+6338)411-2096
Dr. Portia Reyes                         Department of Health (DOH)   (+6338)411-2225
Engr. Celestino Adlaon                         Department of Public Works & Highways - DPWH Tagbilaran (District I)    (+6338)411-2448, 411-2898, 411-3136, 411-3148, 235-3929
Engr. Ramie Doroy                         DPWH Ubay (District II)   (+6338)518-0023
Engr. Aramis Torrefranca    DPWH Guindulman (District III)   (+6338)529-1013
Rosemarie Salazar                          Department of Social Welfare & Dev't. (DSWD)   (+6338)411-3080, 411-4991
Maria Elena Arbon                          Department of Trade & Industry (DTI)   (+6338)411-3302, 411-3533, 411-3236
Marina Salamanca                          FIDA, San Jose St., Tagb.   
Victoria Bade                          Girls Scouts of the Philippines (GSP)   (+6338)411-2488
Douglas Arturo Marigomen     Government Service Insurance System (GSIS)   (+6338)235-5204 to 08
Felix Garan                                                Home Mutual Development Fund - Pag-ibig Office   (+6338)411-5977
Leonila G. Bandico                           Maritime Industry Authority Field Office    09189112575
P/Supt. Jose C. Cosio Jr.      Maritime Police   
Sisinio Amplayo                           National Commission on Indigenous People   
Nestor Rey Alcoseba                           National Food Authority (NFA)   (+6338)411-2371, 411-2613, 411-3366, 235-4025, 235-4968
Engr. Calixto M. Seroje                            National Irrigation Administration (NIA), Tagb.   (+6338)411-3372
Engr. Olympio Galagala, Jr.      NIA Bohol Irrigation System (Pilar)   (+6338)523-2060
Engr. Modisto M. Membreve      NIA BHIP II (Ubay)   (+6338)518-0458, 518-0233, 518-0238 TF, 518-0260, 518-0128
Engr. Wilfred B. Sinay                            National Power Corporation (Napocor)   (+6338)411-3321, 411-3951, 411-3322,
                                                                       411-4924, 500-0995, 235-4682, 235-4680, 235-4681, 235-3973, 235-3974
Jessamyn Anne C. Alcazaren      National Statistics Office (NSO) Provl. Census Office    (+6338)411-4069, 235-3317
Engr. Dennis Rocamora      National Telecommunications Commission (NTC)   (+6338)501-8070
Engr. Ver Neil Balaba                           Office of Civil Defense (OCD)   (+6338)501-7197
Emmanuel Oronan                            PAGASA   (+6338)411-3461
Juanito P. Salamanca                           Philippine Coconut Authority -PCDM    (+6338)235-3065
Capt. Rommel Olarte                           Philippine Coast Guard   (+6338)235-3300
Yvette Bede A. Matabalan       Philippine Information Agency (PIA)   (+6338)411-2292, 235-5852
Sr. Supt. Arturo M. Evangelista      Philippine National Police (PNP) Provincial Command    (+6338)411-5911, 411-2210, 411-4343
Rita Requeron                           Philippine National Red Cross   (+6338)411-2486
Engr. Raul Oblenda                           Philippine Ports Authority   (+6338)411-2519, 411-2686, 235-4254
Bernardo Magare                            Philippine Postal Corporation    (+6338)411-3002, 411-2631
                                                 Philippine Sinter Corporation   (+6338)411-4909
Engr. Jose Mari O. Salgado     Philippine Tourism Authority    (+6338)411-2192; Tourism Assistance Center 411-4559
Engr. Eusil Talisic                           PhilVocs   (+6338)411-4046
                                                 Parole and Probation Office   (+6338)411-4187, 411-2302
Toribio Quiwag                           Provincial Prosecutor's Office   (+6338)411-3150
Atty. Perpetou Magallano     Public Attorney's Office   (+6338)500-1053
Atty. Carmelo Echica                          Register of Deeds   (+6338)411-2128
Dr. Gideon Robillos                          Social Security System (SSS)   (+6338)411-3934, 411-5477, 411-3093, 235-5049
Buenafe Sta. Rita  Engr. Winefredo B. Salas   Technical Education & Skills Development Authority (TESDA) Tagb             Jagna   (+6338)501-9761  (+6338)531-0018


26 APRIL 2007



IN FAIRNESS, THE SIQUIJODNONS ARE VERY LOVING, CARING, KIND, HOSPITABLE, HELPFUL, RESPECTFUL PEOPLE, AND MOST OF ALL, RELIGIOUS. THEY HAVE THE SAME TRAITS AS THE BOHOLANOS, PROBABLY BECAUSE, AS RECORDED IN PHILIPPINE HISTORY, SIQUIJOR WAS A PART OF BOHOL: "Historically, Siquijor was part of Bohol politically from 1854 to 1891, which probably explains the similarities between the Siquijodnons and Boholanos, particularly, Panglaoanons, where characteristics or attitudes, cultural practices, religiosity and even belief in superstitions are concerned. In 1901, Siquijor became a sub-province of Negros Oriental (now Oriental Negros). On September 17, 1971, by virtue of Republic Act No. 6398, Siquijor became an independent province and in the year that followed, the provincial capital was transferred from Larena to Siquijor, pursuant to Proclamation No. 1075."


... In spite of the tales of "lumay,"  "barang," "paktol," and other forms of witchcraft, I WOULD SAY THAT SIQUIJOR IS A VERY BEAUTIFUL PLACE.



City Schools Division Press Conference
Resource Speaker:   Fiel Angeli E. Araoarao – Gabin
City Information Officer


Ø a creative, sometimes subjective article designed primarily to entertain and to inform readers of an event, a situation, or an aspect of life
Ø often not perishable
Ø has no established limits of length
Ø allows for descriptive and stylish techniques
Ø gives the writer the opportunity to express himself
Ø uses emotions, imagination, ability to describe people and events, words, ideas and impressions


Feature                     Short Story
> factual                     > fictional
> informs
> entertains                  

> often judges                     > persuades
> illuminates                     > advocates


Ø Creativity – allows a reporter to create/ conjure a story virtually at will
Ø Subjectivity – when a writer injects his own thoughts and emotions
Ø Informativeness – a constructive information of an aspect of life or situation that may escape coverage in hard news stories
Ø Entertainment – “color story” aimed at capturing the mood of an event
Ø Unperishability – value will not diminish with time; suffers rarely from deadline pressure


Getting the correct information:
Ø When you interview someone, ask his name, address, and telephone number.
Ø Never assume you know something.
Ø If your subject is unfamiliar to you, or someone on which you have no background, check with one or several experts before you write the first word.
Ø When using statistical data, the reporter should double-check the figures.


Correct Spelling: Not just an academic exercise designed to bedevil students, but a must for survival in this competitive world of journalism.

Correct Usage of Words: The writer must have a feel for words so he can use the appropriate word to convey his intended meaning.


Before one starts looking for ideas for a feature article, one should consider the audience or target readers of a particular publication.

Sources of ideas:
Ø Ideas from the school campus - myriads of activities
Ø Ideas from the business or trade journals - advertisements or information about firms or establishments engaged in trailblazing, innovative or creative business ventures
Ø Ideas from reading - writer must see more than the facts; he must see their implications. He must read and analyze magazines to get the feel of what editors want
Ø Ideas from observation - an truly observant writer looks into his own experiences and surroundings with a clear eye of a newcomer; he must learn to love the world around him and cultivate the spirit of adventurism
Ø Ideas from experience - experiences need not be unusual. Common experiences that are properly packaged by a deft writer often provide article ideas with which many readers can identify
Ø Ideas from the internet - information is made available right at one’s fingertips, thus reducing the world we live into a virtual global village
Ø Ideas from the publicists - public relations people will suggest story topics that are not self-serving
Ø Ideas from editors - in a growing publishing firm, a writer may get ideas from the editor which can guarantee publication of the article


1) Interview or primary research   

Ø Prepare for an interview - always learn as much as possible about your subject
before the appointment
Ø Encourage response - to inspire interest, so the interviewee will explore the depths of his point of view
Ø End the interview appropriately - do not close the doors permanently between you and the interviewee

2) Library or secondary research - many writers build extensive files of newspapers and magazine clippings for reference

3) Observation - the writer is drawn to the story by participating in an actual event or watching others take part in it

4) Legwork -  refers to interviewing, to observing, to almost any kind of research that takes the writer away from his desk

5) Correspondence – articles may be researched through correspondence – electronic mail (e-mail) or the so-called “snail mail”


The Feature Pyramid


Ø   Level 1 – involves nothing more than reading the research material
Ø   Level 2 – arranging notes and materials to be used
Ø   Level 3 – outlining the article which makes use of anecdotes, statistics, incidents and descriptions
Ø   Level 4 – quantum jump or “perspirational system of writing”


Ø   A writer must read and organize his material in some way before beginning to write
Ø   One should write a title or at least a thematic sentence

Without a theme, the writer has no guide to tell him what to ignore and what to highlight.

It will help a lot to deviate your energy and attention elsewhere, if your creativity is simply not working.


1)   Mechanics of writing
2)   Writer’s idiosyncracies
3)   Forms of features – there is no “proper form” of the feature article
4)   Style and content – the general style favored consists of original phrases made up of familiar words

Ø   How long are the articles?
Ø   What subjects are covered?
Ø   Do the editors favor stylistic devices?
Ø   Do the editors seem to like for writers to do on-the-scene or atmospheric research?
Ø   What are the publication’s editorial policies?
Ø   Who are the readers or target audience?


1) Narrative lead – draws the reader into the story by allowing him to identify the person in the
midst of the action
2) Summary lead – gives the gist of the story and lets the reader decide if he is interested
enough to read the rest of the story
3) Descriptive lead – conjures mental pictures of the subject for the reader
4) Quotation lead – a profound quote by a well-known personality gives insights
5) Question lead – succeeds in challenging the reader’s knowledge or curiosity
6) Direct address lead – implies that there is something in the story that concerns the reader
7) Combination lead – combination of two or more leads, using the best elements of each. Quotation lead could be combined with descriptive of narrative leads 


1) Summary ending – ties up the loose ends of the story and points back to the lead
2) Climax ending – writer stops at the point where the outcome is clear, rather than continuing in literary form up to the end
3) Un-ending ending – ends by emphasizing a key, unanswered question, ending the story just before the climax to leave his readers speculating on the ultimate conclusion
4) Stinger ending – a startling, surprising ending that jolts the reader, using the body of the story to set up the reader the unexpected conclusions

Ø Quotations – add voice that never fails to perk up the reader
Ø Anecdotes – illustrate or point out to examples, support generalizations, show or reveal
Ø Description – captures prevailing features of a person under focus
Ø Evidences and other related materials – enhance the body of the article


Revision is part of writing. It allows a writer to spot a grammatical error, an unfair adjective or libelous word.

Compiled by: Fiel Angeli Espejo Araoarao – Gabin, City Information Officer, Tagbilaran City, Bohol, Philippines

·   Be prepared – Don’t even think about “winging it.” People attending this affair expect to be entertained. And even if they don’t know what to expect, no one wants to be bored. The program requires planning and coordination, so start early to gather information, choose speakers and develop a theme.
·   Choose good speakers – You’ll undoubtedly be approached by volunteers who value their stories of the past and insist on sharing them. You can only hope they are great storytellers. By sticking to a limited number of speakers, you’ll have a way out by saying, “We’d love to hear you speak, but the program is already full.” Then there are those who should be asked to speak as a matter of protocol. They may not have anything interesting to say, but their position warrants the invitation. By talking to all presenters ahead of time, you’ll get a general idea of what each presenter plans to do and you can hope to ward off embarrassing comments at showtime. Find out who will present gifts, recite poetry, tell jokes or share a story. Encourage all presenters to write out what they have to say and practise their delivery.   
·   Set time limits – Give each speaker a time limit and make sure they understand the need to stay on schedule. Never trust a presenter’s “good judgment” – encourage them to time their speech to make sure it fits the limit. Explain the timing signals and reach an agreement on how to warn speakers when their time is almost up. Flashing colored lights obviously is too conspicuous. A popular method is for the emcee to walk toward the front of the room in a few minutes before the speaker needs to wrap up. This looks professional and shows the audience that you are in control and everything is carefully planned. A more drastic alternative is to walk toward the podium, wait for a good ending and then quickly start the applause. This is tricky and must be done without embarrassing the speaker or making it look like he or she was cut off. However, this won’t be necessary if the ground rules are clear from the start.
·   Check your bag of tricks – As host for evening, you are the mortar that will hold the show together. Even if every speaker lacks pizzazz, the burden is on you to make the show enjoyable. Consider using as much program variety as possible. Use props, slides or video equipment; music or other sound effects; and add sparkle to your comments by incorporating quotes, poetry and humor. Make sure any presentation of plaques, gifts or awards is done efficiently. Collect every possible scrap of information about the honoree and look for unique ways of presenting the information. Remember, you can always eliminate extra material, but be armed with a bag full of tricks, just in case you’ll need them.
·   Allow the audience to participate – Plan an activity that includes the audience – it may be as simple as asking people to stand and be recognized according to the location from which they traveled or how many years they’ve known the honoree. Depending on the nature of the program, there may be cheering or chanting and the audience may even be asked to create other sound effects for added excitement.
·   Use notecards to plan your program – Write every story, joke, activity and idea on the individual file cards. As the planning progresses, these cards will become fillers, transitions and energizers. Spread out the fun; take everything you have and put it together so that there is variety and energy throughout the program. If you fear a few less-than-thrilling program events, compensate by making other activities stand out. Don’t include yourself on the program as speaker, but rather put all your material to use in energizing, making transitions and cementing the other parts together.
·   Schedule time for the unexpected – If slides will be shown, if there will be discussion, singing or a question-and-answer segment, make sure to allow enough time and stick to that schedule. You don’t want a great program cut short by activities running overtime.
·   Listen for appropriate transitions – As the program progresses, listen carefully to each speaker for cues that will help you with smooth transitions. Use something the previous speaker said or did to segue into the next portion, if possible.
·   Give them all you’ve got – Take the stage with gusto and flair.  Treat the event as if it were the grandest of occasions, regardless of the event’s importance or the number of people in attendance. Never apologize or show concern that the audience is small. Let them know you have prepared a great show just for them.
·   Be generous with praise – Lavish your appreciation on each presenter and the audience. Be animated in leading the clapping for each speaker, so that there are no “dead” spots. Give brief, lively introductions to encourage the upcoming speaker to keep up the pace.
·   Dress up – If no request was made for formal attire, try to dress a cut above the audience. After all, you are the master of ceremonies and should look like someone special.
·   Send them away hungry – Like a hostess serving a fine meal, the master of ceremonies plans carefully, serves the portions evenly and caters to a variety of tastes. The audience will be satisfied, or even wishing for more. You don’t want them to leave miserably stuffed, but rather pleasantly filled. Better to send them away wishing there were just one more course than to see them twisting uncomfortably in their seats, counting the minutes to the end.
·   Enjoy the compliments – You have the power to turn a potentially long, boring presentation into a fun and festive event. If you succeed, many people will stay to thank you and ask you do it again. All you have to do is accept their compliments and have your business cards ready.

Everyone hates to be interrupted while speaking. This is especially true when addressing a group of people. The interruption may be relatively minor, such as an audience member leaving the room. Or it might be major, such as a power failure or a hostile protest. Interruptions may be handled in a variety of ways. Depending upon aspects such as the type of audience, situation and message, one or more methods can be used to overcome an inadvertent interruption. When faced with an unexpected disturbance, recovering well is the best revenge.
·   HUMOR. Make a light comment on the side which – while acknowledging the interruption – does not admit to damaging your message. Humor is also useful in putting an edgy or tense audience at ease. An interruption may be just what you need to break the ice and introduce humor into an otherwise serious, no-nonsense speech.
·   PAUSING. One of the most effective ways of overcoming interruptions is to pause until the interruption subsides, allowing the audience enough time to refocus on your speech.
·   IMPROVISATION. Sometimes an interruption enables you to add a new element into the speech which is directly related to the message you initially intended to convey.
·   DEFER THE INTERRUPTION. If the interruption consists of an untimely question or comment from the audience, you may politely offer to discuss the specific points later in the speech or in private. This shifts the burden to the audience member in a polite and professional manner.
·   IGNORE THE DISTURBANCE. One of the best ways to overcome a disturbance is simply to ignore it. If an audience member enters or leaves the room, momentarily distracting attention, you can minimize the distraction by continuing to deliver your message in the intended manner. By demonstrating that minor disturbances are indeed minor, you quickly refocus the audience’s attention back to your message.

There are additional points to keep in mind:
·   Keep in mind that any of your listeners who have addressed an audience themselves will sympathize with your predicament when an interruption occurs. How you can handle the interruption often determines whether the audience members remain receptive to your message or ignore the remainder of the speech. If you overcome the interruption with grace, poise and professionalism, the audience will respond with respect and admiration. If interruptions cause you to become flustered, bitter or lose your patience, you may very well alienate audience members and cast a shadow over your entire speech.
·   Realize that experience is the key to overcoming interruptions. Seasoned speakers have faced a variety of interruptions, experimented with many techniques for overcoming interruptions, and learned what works best. Practice may not be perfect, but it provides the necessary experience to confidently conquer most interruptions.
·   Every speaker has a handful of “war stories” chronicling interesting aspects of their past speeches. Inevitably, interruptions you encounter can be incorporated into interesting and amusing anecdotes for future speeches or conversations.   

You’re giving a speech when something unexpectedly goes wrong. The lights fall, the mike won’t work, you forget what you are saying. So there you stand – heart pounding, forehead damp – trying to think of something to say that will get a laugh, relieve the tension, and get yourself back on track.
·   Your joke bombs: “Comedy is all peaks and valleys. That joke was a valley.”
·   The microphone doesn’t work: “This mike reminds me of my kid in college – expensive and not working.”
·   The mike makes a rude noise: “What are you squawking about?” 
·   The microphone needs adjusting: “Either I have to shrink/grow, or this microphone needs adjusting.”
·   The overhead projector acts up: “This must be one of those old wood-burning models.”
·   Slide is upside down: “Will you please stand – on your heads?”
·   Highlighter runs out of ink: “The magic has gone out of my marker.”
·   The lights go out: “I do my best work in the dark.”
·   Telephone rings: “If that’s President Clinton, tell him I’m busy.”
·    Someone notes a spelling error in a visual: “This is the last time I’ll borrow an overhead from Dan Quayle.”
·   You stumble: “I think I may have stumbled into something.”
·   You have a coughing spell: “I want my mama – but I’ll settle for a glass of water.”
·   Someone hands you a note: “Aha, just what I need. A new joke.”
·   You drop your handouts: “This information is too hot to handle.”
·   Music interrupts: “They say music soothes the savage beast. If there are any savage beasts here, I hope you’re soothed here.”
·   You don’t know the answer to a question: “I’m prepared to answer any questions…except that one. If you will write it out on your business card and give it to me, I’ll find out and get the answer for you.”
·   Announcement comes over the public address system: “Funny, I was just about to say the same thing.”
·   You forget what you’re saying: “I seem to have lost my train of thought. Train? It’s more like the whole railroad.”
·   Waitress clearing dishes: “Well, I used to be a waitress/waiter and now that I’m a speaker, there is one thing I’ve learned. You can’t do both jobs at once.”
·   Very small audience: “I would rather speak to a small crowd of great people than to a great crowd of small people.”

A well-timed remark, even one that is not hilariously funny, will almost always get a big laugh because it helps ease tension. Most audiences have empathy for the speaker and are pulling for you to do a good job. When something goes wrong, they share your anxiety. When you handle it, they feel relieved.   

·   Not Knowing Your Audience – Ineffective public speakers don’t really know their audience’s needs or interests. They fail to educate
   themselves about the specifics of the audience, such as age, gender, business, problems and challenges.

Smart public speakers often conduct interviews or surveys of their audience before or after each speech.

·   Being Poorly Prepared – Ineffective public speakers don’t spend enough time researching their subject, preparing presentation materials or rehearsing.

Smart public speakers are always prepared, and it shows. A case in point is the 1960 Kennedy – Nixon debates. Accepting a pre-debate
TV rehearsal, Kennedy and his aides practiced for hours – fielding questions from fictitious reporters, standing under the hot lights of
the studio, speaking and gesturing at the TV cameras.

·   Trying to Cover Too Much Material – Ineffective public speakers want to tell their audience everything that they know about a
subject. This usually bores listeners.

Smart public speakers present their audience with two or three main points. Psychologists say audiences retain very little of what
they’ve heard hours after a speech or presentation.

·   Failing to Make Eye Contact – Ineffective public speakers spend too much time looking at their notes and visual aids and not enough time looking at their audience. Such actions create emotional distance, since audiences tend to mistrust public speakers who don’t make and maintain eye contact.

Smart public speakers treat a speech or presentation as if it were a conversation with a friend or an acquaintance. They “tune in” to the
audience, instead of being preoccupied with themselves.

·   Being Dull – Ineffective public speakers are often dull because of poor speech delivery or poor speech content.

Smart public speakers choose topics they are excited about. They prepare interesting materials, have a strong interest in communicating their message, and let their enthusiasm shine through during the presentation.

Most audiences ask very little of a public speaker. Sadly, many public speakers deliver just that – very little. If you want to keep your next audience on the edge of your seat, know your audience, be prepared, make only two or three points, make lots of eye contact, and be energetic and interesting.

CHECKLIST PRIOR TO SPEECH OR PRESENTATION - Jacqueline Dunckel and Elizabeth Parnham
·   Check your notes or script. Are they in proper order? Secure them together, but don’t staple them. You’ll just have to take the staples out. Rubber bands work for cards. Large paper slips work for both cards and pages.
·   Put your notes in your pocket, purse or briefcase. If possible, have a duplicate set very close by. When traveling, keep notes on your person. Take your slides with you on the plane. (If you don’t, you won’t be the first speaker while the notes and visual aids got off in New York.)
·   Re-check all audio-visual material to assure it is in order.
·   Check to see you have additional bulbs, extension cords, etc.
·   Take your security blanket (aspirins, handkerchief, extra pantyhose, glasses, extra glasses).
·   Check the news. Does it affect or influence your speech or presentation? Be ready to incorporate or change.
·   If you are making an in-house presentation, take a pulse reading of your company. Very recent decisions could affect your presentation. Be aware of what is going on.
·   Check to see that there have been no last-minute changes in the program or agenda.
·   If you’re making your presentation with someone else, allow time to meet and make final reassurances.
·   Arrive early.
·   Check the set-up of the room. Rearrange if necessary.
·   Test the microphone, if you’ll be using one.
·   Set up audio-visual material.
·   Check to make sure equipment is working.
·   If using slides, run through quickly as a final check that they are in order.
·   Focus overhead, etc.
·   Check for distraction. People will read, and re-read any printed matter on the walls. Take down posters. If you speak after someone else, be sure all visuals have been removed before you speak. 
·   Make a final visit to the washroom. Make sure your hair is well-groomed at the back, as well as the front. If you speak after a meal, check, and if possible, brush your teeth. Tuck in shirt tails all around, button all buttons, and zipper all zippers. (Refrain from re-checking your zipper when you are going up to speak or in front of an audience.)
·   If you need water at the lectern, check to see that it is there. Don’t rely on someone else to get it.

BEFORE YOU SPEAK - Jacqueline Dunckel and Elizabeth Parnham
·   Eat lightly. No matter what time of day you speak, you want your blood focused on your brain, not your digestion.
·   Don’t drink alcohol. It will give you false courage, impaired articulation, and scrambled ideas.
·   Don’t drink milk. It makes mucous.
·   Don’t drink carbonated beverages. Stifling a burp can undermine confidence.
·   If you are at a head table, remember you are “on” before you speak. The audience is looking at you in anticipation.
·   Keep your body alert.
·   Don’t cross your legs. It stops circulation.
·   If you’re being introduced, listen. You must acknowledge. When you get up to speak, walk with purpose and confidence.
·   Take your time before you begin to speak. Take a 1-2-3 count. Look out at your audience. Smile. Establish your presence.  Get your breathing centered.
·   Remain flexible. You might need to update your speech or presentation. The unexpected can happen.
·   Remember: There is the speech you are going to give; the one you give; and the one you wish you’d given. When you’re well-organized and well-rehearsed, they are more likely to be the same speech. Learn from the differences; apply that knowledge to the next time you speak.

WHAT IS YOUR BODY SAYING ABOUT YOU? - Jacqueline Dunckel and Elizabeth Parnham
If your voice presents the message, your body presents the subtext. Some will argue that body language is 95% of the message. We don’t advocate anyone becoming an amateur psychologist. Instead, we present some of our beliefs based on experience.

A vital voice comes from a vital body. If you have a flaccid, tired, apologetic body, you negate your message.
·   Beware of the “fig leaf” position. Standing with your hands held crotch level, back of the hands out to the audience, presents the weakest possible image.
·   Beware of the “reverse fig leaf” position. Holding your hands behind your back a la Prince Phillip is restrictive. From the front you appear to have no arms or hands at all. When you want to gesture, you find yourself merely moving your shoulders like a chicken wanting to fly.
·   Don’t cross your legs at the ankles and rock back and forth. The image is of an unsure foundation. The audience is not interested in what you have to say; they’re interested in when you’re going to fall over.
·   Crossing your arms across the chest, putting your hands on your hips, and pacing up and down in front of the audience gives them the feeling they’re being interrogated. (We’ve found these to be favorite positions of the police and the military.)
·   Jingling coins and keys in your pocket telegraphs to the audience that you’re nervous. You should be using that energy in communicating your message. If this is your problem, dump everything out of your pockets before you speak. 
·   Don’t shove your hands deep into your pockets, especially if your pants are a form fitting design. You’ll trap yourself and your gestures will not get made or will appear slightly questionable.
·   You present a positive assured image when you stand before an audience with your weight well-balanced on both feet. As much as possible, keep your arms and hands free for gestures. Putting a hand in a pocket, thumbs under the belt or holding a lapel is fine. A videotaped rehearsal will let you know if any of these stances give you an arrogant image.
·   You present a confident seated image if you keep the spine straight, the shoulders relaxed, and the chest open. Keep your chin parallel to the floor and your arms apart. Don’t touch your face or fiddle with your hands or any objects.

Answer these questions to analyze your audience?
·   How large is your group?
·   What is the age range of the audience?
·   Do they have a common interest?
·   What is the educational range of the audience?
·   What is their economic background?
·   Is it a racially mixed audience?
·   Is there a political factor involved?
·   What is the male/female ratio?
·   What benefit can they gain from me?
·   Does the occasion of my speech have some special significance to this audience?

YOUR AUDIENCE - Jacqueline Dunckel and Elizabeth Parnham
Whether you’re speaking to one or one hundred, you must “read” your audience. Changing facial expressions, body shifts, and restlessness will tell you you’re not getting across or are becoming a bore. When speaking to a group, be prepared to change pace, slow down, ask questions. You’re better to sum up quickly than to drone on.
·   Although the face is capable of hundreds of nuances of expression, it is easier to control than body reaction. A sudden shift in the body will tell you your listener is reacting to what you are saying. If you’re a salesperson and the body shift involves crossing the arms and legs and turning toward the door, you’ve lost your scale.
·   Find the person in the audience who leans forward and nods approvingly as you speak. That listener will boost your ego and you’ll speak with renewed confidence.
·   If someone who appears to have been in agreement starts to frown or shake the head negatively, consider carefully what you’ve said. You may need to give further explanation. However, do remember that many people have read books on body language. A rival or competitor may seek to unnerve you by sending out negative signals.
·   Crossed arms and legs may mean a defensive attitude toward you and your ideas or it could mean the room is cold.
·   Scratching or rubbing the nose may mean the listener doubts what you have to say or it could mean an itchy nose.
·   Rubbing the neck at the hairline may mean the listener needs reassurance or has a kink in the neck.
·   We caution you not to read body language out of context.

WILL YOUR AUDIENCE GET YOUR MESSAGE? - Jacqueline Dunckel and Elizabeth Parnham
After analyzing your audience, you must consider the “language” of your speech or presentation.
·   Will everyone understand highly technical terms?
·   Do I need to paraphrase or give an explanation? Never talk down to an audience or tell them, “You won’t know what this means so I’ll explain it for you.” Instead, use terms like “as we all know that is…”
·   Don’t try to impress your superiors by flaunting your knowledge. They want straightforward information in order to reach decisions. They hired you for your expertise.
·   Do not use terms, illustrations, or examples that will offend any member of the audience because of race, sex, religion or nationality.

JOKES, STORIES, ANECDOTES, AND ILLUSTRATIONS - Jacqueline Dunckel and Elizabeth Parnham
·   Don’t tell a joke to warm up the audience. A joke must be directly related to your subject matter.
·   Don’t tell jokes in a business presentation. Your audience is looking for information, not entertainment. This doesn’t mean that presentations shouldn’t be palatable and made with a sense of showmanship. They should be.
·   Don’t ever tell jokes, if you can’t. Very few people tell jokes well.
·   Don’t tell a joke, story, anecdote or use an illustration if it will offend anyone in your audience because of its language or subject matter.

PACKAGING THE PRESENTER - Jacqueline Dunckel and Elizabeth Parnham
When you stand before an audience to make a speech or presentation, you may be representing your department, your organization or business. What the audience sees and hears is their impression of, not just you, but what you represent.

Much has been said about dressing for success. So much that there has been a backlash. We do not believe that your clothes and grooming will assure success. We believe that success in anything, including making speeches and presentations, comes from attitude, aptitude and application. However, we do believe that dress, decorum, and good grooming show your respect for yourself, your work, and your audience. We don’t believe that you should be packaged into something that you aren’t, but cleanliness, pressing, and shining should be everyday habits.

You should not be uncomfortable or present an image that is not you, but you should present the best you possible.

·   Always check the background of the room or space you’ll be speaking in. Choose a color that contrasts with the background so you don’t literally fade into the wallpaper. Light shade for dark background, dark for a light background.
·   If you’re the luncheon or after-dinner speaker and your topic is light and entertaining, your clothes can reflect the mood.
·   If you’re making a speech or presentation to your peers or colleagues, dress and grooming should reflect your own self-esteem, your attitude towards your presentation, and your subject.
·   When making presentations to persons in positions higher than yours, you don’t have to emulate them in dress, but choose the best of your business clothes and present a clean, well-groomed appearance.
·   When speaking to persons in positions under you, you dress the way you do everyday. Don’t try a shirt-sleeves approach if that’s not you and would be perceived as phoney and contrived. If you have to go out into the field or to smaller towns, don’t feel you must dress the same way as your audience. Their work boots and jeans may be very necessary for the particular work they are doing. You may choose to wear a sports jacket, blazer, corduroy or pants suit that is slightly more casual than your usual business image and that of your position. Pinstripe suits, white shirts, and sincere ties give too much of a boardroom image for the field.
·   If you come in from the field to the head office or from a smaller town to the city, choose those clothes that you’re comfortable in, yet show you have respect for your work. If the last time you wore your suit was to a wedding 10 years ago, and it’s too small and outdated, don’t wear it. You’re far better in sports jacket and slacks. Attention to good grooming, from clean nails and hair to polished shoes, is very important. No one likes to be perceived as a rube.

BASIC CONSIDERATIONS FOR MEN AND WOMEN - Jacqueline Dunckel and Elizabeth Parnham
·   Consider the clothes rack first: your body. View it nude in front of the mirror from all angles. Consider weight, balance, and posture. Are changes necessary? Can they be done? Will you make them or should you deal realistically with what you see?
·   Try on your clothes. View in the mirror for proper fit. If you’ve gained weight, stretched, pulled fabric gives the impression of neglect and poor grooming. No amount of “sucking in” before the mirror will change the impression. Too big clothes give you a waif-like, lost appearance. Either get your clothes out or taken in or get rid of them.
·   Check lapels and pant legs for extremes of cut. If they are too wide, they can be remodeled. Too narrow can’t be easily changed. Never buy extremes in fashion for your basic wardrobe. The material will last far longer than the style. Save the unusual for private life.
·   Analyze your work and your wardrobe. Separate your work wardrobe from your leisure wardrobe. Does your work wardrobe present a confident, well-groomed image? Are the clothes suitable for the type of work you do? Have you clothes that will take you from your work to the board room to the platform in front of an audience?
·   Never buy a new outfit to wear to make a presentation or speech. If the appropriate outfit is not in your wardrobe, buy it well in advance, wear it at appropriate times until it feels comfortable, then wear it to speak.
·   Check your existing wardrobe for large, bold patterns, checks, florals and geometrics. This check should include ties. You may be perceived as flamboyant and too daring for your position.
·   Similarly, check color. This is very important for men. Suits in bright greens, electric or baby blue give the audience the impression of the carney or used care salesperson. Women’s suits in baby pink or blue can be construed as babyish.
·   Polyester fabrics made the iron virtually passé, but pure polyester doesn’t present a successful image. It is perceived as being cheap in the sense of worth. Natural fabrics cost more and are expensive to maintain, but they do give the impression of worth. Fortunately, there are combinations of cotton and synthetics, wool and synthetics, and silk and synthetics that are good-looking and cheaper to care for. Start a replacement campaign and get rid of pure polyesters.
·   Beware of beige. Beige seems like a nice safe shade, but beige can drain the face of color and make you appear ill, mousey, and blank. Men and women with black, grey or white hair should avoid beige.
·   Navy blue is not always the answer. Navy blue can be too dark and overpowering for sandy haired or pale blonde men and women. It can make brown haired people appear sallow. They would be much better in a dark brown. Navy blue looks wonderful on persons with black, grey or white hair.
·   If you’re very thin, avoid very dark colors. They’ll make you appear thinner. Vests narrow the torso. 
·   If you’re carrying extra weight or are very tall and broad, you’ll find light colors will make you larger.
·   Discard unmercifully. Admit a mistake. Sell it or give it away.
·   For business, buy the best. Buy basics in classic cuts. Fit is very important. Clothes should be proportioned to your body. Don’t buy the current fad for business. Keep those for your leisure life.
·   You don’t need a lot of clothes for business. Choose pieces that can be interchanged. If you keep your basic wardrobe in one color and your accessories in complementary colors, you can build a wardrobe on very few pieces. You can revive and update your wardrobe with new accessories and pieces.
·   Invest in the time savers: padded hangers, shoe trees, a Wrinkle-away for travel.
·   Keep your clothes washed, ironed, clean and pressed. Shine your shoes. Brush suede. Avoid rundown heels.
·   Hang your clothes so that outfits are together and easily reached.
·   Shop sensibly at sales. Some bargains can be a waste of money.
·   Don’t buy if you’re thinking:
a)   â€œThis isn’t a good color for me. I’ll wear it when I’m feeling good.”
b)   â€œI have to stand straight and/ or pull in my stomach to wear this.” (We all relax away from the mirror.)
c)   â€œI don’t know when I’ll be able to wear it.”
d)   â€œIt’s a little too dressy (or a little too casual) for the office.”
·   Don’t’ buy it if:
a)   It’s too tight, too short, too big, not a style you’re comfortable in.
b)   You’ve gained or lost weight very recently. Wait until you’re sure you’re stabilized.

·   Don’t’ buy:
a)   Very fragile fabrics for work.
b)   Very light colors for work. This is particularly true of fabrics that need dry cleaning or special care like light
    colored suedes and leathers
c)   Light colored shoes and boots if you live where you have to walk through rain and salted slush

·   If you hate to shop, find a store and a salesperson who understands you and your work. Let him or her pre-select for you. Make an
appointment and spend two hours there twice a year. They’ll know what you have in your existing wardrobe and you can add to it.
·   If you have a poor eye for color, are color blind or feel you’ve been choosing the wrong colors to suit your natural coloring, have your
“colors done” by a color consultant. You’ll be given a color book with swatches of the right colors for you which makes choosing
clothes easier.
·   We emphasize smiling. Smile draws attention to your teeth. Take care of them.
·   Half-glasses add 10 years. Heavy frames take attention away from the eyes. Invest in bifocals with clear glass on top with the
correction at the bottom and light frames.

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR WOMEN - Jacqueline Dunckel and Elizabeth Parnham
·   Suits aren’t the only answer to business dressing. Skirts and smartly coordinated tops or dresses and jackets can improve the same image.
·   Don’t keep a sweater in your office to wear on cold days. It won’t go with everything and will develop bumps and droops.
·   Don’t burden yourself with briefcase, purse or umbrella. Put them all in one. Briefcases with side pockets will hold and envelope purse and collapsing umbrella.
·   Consult a skin and make-up expert. Caring for the skin is essential. Makeup enhances your good features and plays down others. Get into a skin care routine and maintain it. Keep your makeup discreet. Check it for dating – “60’s eyes and lips.
·   Get a hairstyle that is easy to care for, flattering, and businesslike – reflecting the way you feel about yourself and your job. It should reveal your face and eyes. Have confidence in your stylist. Don’t let your hairstyle outdate you. Greying or grey hair doesn’t have to be dyed. It can be very flattering if it is alive and lifts the face. Long, straight hair on mature women can pull the face down and age it.
·   Your eyes and face can communicate. Wear flattering accent colors at the neckline directing attention upward.
·   Dress and suit hems should not show below a coat unless it is three-quarter length.
·   Underwear should be invisible: no bikini lines, bra wrinkles, bunchy slips or saggy straps.
·   Pantyhose should fit up to the waist, not around the hips. There should be no wrinkles at the ankles. When you’ve chosen your basic wardrobe colors, find a make that fits in a suitable shade and stock up. When in doubt, wear neutral colored hose. Patterned hose is not businesslike.
·   Jewelry should be discreet and real.
·   Ankle straps are not for business. (They also chop up the look of the leg and thicken ankles.)
·   Choose business shoes with a medium heel height.
·   Correcting the figure faults with careful dressing:
a)    Hippy? Stay away from pleats.
b)    Short-waisted or thick-waisted? Don’t define the natural waistline.
c)    Short neck? Avoid large collars.
d)    Heavy legs and feet? Minimize by wearing shoes and hose in the same tones as your outfit.
e)    Short? Choose your blouse and skirt for a taller, slimmer look.
·   Save plunging necklines, excessive frills and ruffles, peek-throughs, and see-throughs  for your private life.
·   Jogging, hiking and other athletic wear should be saved for the sports intended.

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR MEN - Jacqueline Dunckel and Elizabeth Parnham
·   Suits may be your basic wardrobe, but well-styled jackets and pants should not be overlooked. Make sure your basic suit colors are flattering to you. Don’t choose to wear navy because it is “businesslike.” You may look much better in brown.
·   Short sleeve shirts may be great to work in, but when you’re meeting with upper management, wear long sleeve shirts. The touch of white or pale color at the cuff is good.
·   Don’t overburden your pockets. Lumps and bumps look untidy.
·   If you have skin problems, see a dermatologist.  Skin care is important to men as it is to women. Warts, moles and blemishes can be removed.
·   Get a barber you like. Don’t skip haircuts. The very day you think you can let it go for another week can be the day you want to make a good impression. Wash your hair frequently and keep it groomed. Unfortunately, the dandruff ads are right. People are repelled by it. Beards can be flattering, but should always be trimmed and cleaned.
·   White may not be the best color in shirts for you. White can make some skin sallow. You may be better off to choose shirts in very soft shades of your suit color.
·   Avoid flamboyant colors and patterns when choosing ties. Don’t wear a tie just because someone you love gave it to you as a gift. Ties with narrow stripes, with a fine red line, are considered sincere and honest by the experts. You may choose your own discretion.
·   Buy coats large enough to fit comfortably over a suit. You don’t want to look as though your coat shrunk or you’re drowning inside it.
·   Buy shirts with tails long enough to be tucked inside so they don’t creep out.
·   Fitted shirts are fine, but should not appear to have shrunk.
·   Pants should fit up around the waist. (We can honestly say we’ve been half-mooned by several presenters when they bent over.)
·   Wear executive-length socks. Baggy socks and exposed shanks don’t present a businesslike image.
·   Double-breasted jackets make you broader. Vests make you narrower. (With the accent on fitness and good health, paunches do not present a good business image.)
·   Jewelry should be discreet and real. Gold bracelets and neck chains have never been accepted business image.
·   Your shoes should complement your outfit. Wingtop oxfords, loafers and pumps all have their place. Save the leisure shoes and running shoes for leisure and sports.
·   White belts and white shoes do not present a good business image.
·   Save the white socks, the tweed jackets with leather trim and tabs, the hiking boots, the jogging and athletic wear for your private life.

CONTROLLING SIGNS OF NERVOUSNESS - Jacqueline Dunckel and Elizabeth Parnham
·   Dry mouth - If your mouth becomes dry, drop your head thoughtfully during a natural pause and bite the side of your tongue (gently!).
This causes the saliva to flow. Have a glass of water handy. Take a small sip during a natural pause. (Don’t take a large gulp. You
could choke.) Do not use lifesavers or mints. They interfere with articulation and you could inadvertently swallow one and choke.
·   Too much saliva - If your mouth fills with saliva and you feel you’re spraying the first four rows, put the tip of your tongue on the
hard ridge behind the top teeth (the position for making “t” and “d”). Open your mouth and breathe in through the mouth. This position
allows the air to dry the saliva without  drying the tongue and vocal cords.
·   Drying up - If you dry up or lose the train of your thought, take your eye contact away from the audience. Take a deep breath. Let it
out slowly as you look down at your notes and collect your thoughts. Focus on what you are saying, not that you are drying. You may
repeat part of what you’ve said to help you and your audience get back on track. Be very natural and conversational. The time it takes
to do this may seem horrendously long to you, but, in truth, it will be a matter of seconds.
·   Tight throat - Learn to yawn secretly. We all did it in school. Drop the head, keep the lips together, open the back of the throat and
pull the air in through the nose. This is the best exercise to release tension that can build in the throat. When you feel your throat is
tightening, don’t take a sip of water. The swallow can increase tension. Instead, yawn secretly and open the throat.
·   Shaking - Shaking hands and trembling knees are not fear. It’s the homeostatic process of the body dissipating excess energy. Don’t
try to control this process by clutching the lectern or shoving your hands in your pockets. You’re just adding to the problem. Use this
excessive energy positively. Make motivated gestures and body movement. Gestures must be motivated by what you’re saying. Let
them happen naturally and fully. Restrained, nervous little flicks send out the message – nervous. Large gestures are signs of
confidence. Bodily movement must also be motivated to bring you closer to the audience, to fill a pause with meaning or to emphasize
a point. Random pacing or nervous repeated gestures can destroy a speech. Motivated gestures and body movement support aid
effective communication.
·   Shortness of breath – If you become short of breath or can’t get your breath when speaking, stop talking. Drop your head and take your focus from your audience. Cross your left arm across the lowest part of your abdomen. Relax the shoulders. Take a deep breath into the lowest part of your abdomen. You should feel the pressure of your abdomen pushing against your crossed arm. Let the breath out slowly through your lips. Take in your next breath the same way while lifting your head and start to speak. This is the condensed version of deep breathing and sighing which relaxes you and centers your breath.
·   Butterflies – You can get rid of the butterflies by tensing the muscles of the buttocks and abdomen. Hold. Relax. (One of the clients has used this exercise to improve his putting.)

·   Check the microphone in advance.
·   Have someone help you take a balance.
·   Find out if someone is in control of the sound system.
·   Practise raising and lowering the microphone if someone is going to speak before you. Don’t lean over or look up to speak if someone has left the microphone too low or high.
·   Find out how you can turn the sound off. You may want to turn it off if you need to cough or sneeze. (Those things do happen!) But try to avoid making unpleasant sounds over the microphone.
·   Lavaliere microphones which clip to your tie or lapel allow you to move your head more when you’re speaking and allow for greater freedom of movement and the use of both hands.
·   Directional stand phones do not allow for a great deal of movement. Your mouth should be from eight to twelve inches from the microphone. To look at the audience on the left or right, tilt your head, but keep your mouth in line with the microphone. There is nothing more disconcerting than a speaker who turns his or her head from one side to the other, the voice fading in and out.
·   Hand-held microphones allow you to move freely and keep your voice projected. You must keep the mike at the same distance from your mouth at all times. You lose the use of one hand and arm for gestures and demonstration.
·   Lavaliere and hand-held microphones, other than transistor mikes, have cords to contend with when you move around.
·   Don’t say anything confidential near a microphone.
·   Don’t get so close to a microphone that your “p’s” pop and your “s’s” hiss. You’re not a rock singer.
·   Don’t think of speaking “to the microphone!” Speak to the people in the first row. Microphones give the voice more volume, but they don’t give energy. You have to supply the enthusiasm.
·   Don’t hit a microphone or blow into it to test it. Count into it at the volume you will be using. Because you’ve arrived early to check it, you can try a few lines or ideas from your speech or presentation.
·   Squeals or feedback come from setting the volume too high or having the speakers placed too close to the microphone.
·   Once the sound system acts up, you’re in trouble. For that reason, we cannot overemphasize pre-checking. It also helps for you to develop your voice so you can speak and fill any space without a microphone and not damage the vocal cords. 

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