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61
Health and Food / Re: Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 03:56:07 PM »

Death rate still unknown

Other epidemic modelers suspect that a large number of cases have been missed. Leung told journalists this week that there are probably 25,000 sick and another 19,000 incubating the virus just in Wuhan, the origin of the outbreak. By comparison, MERS has caused only 2499 cases since it emerged in 2012, and SARS sickened 8000 in its global rampage in 2003.

SARS killed 11 percent of cases, and so far the Wuhan virus has killed 2.3 percent, but most people are still in the midst of infection –  96 percent of people with the virus haven’t yet either died or recovered. Leung’s team estimates that the death rate could be as high as 14 percent.

Fisman notes that in several cases one infected person has transmitted the virus to far more than two people – one infected 14, many of them health workers. Such “super-spreader” events are typical of both SARS and MERS, said Neil Ferguson at Imperial College London earlier this week.

“It means scary events happen, with large clusters of cases,” says Fisman. “But these are likely to attract attention and a public health response”, with everyone exposed quarantined.

62
Health and Food / Re: Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 03:52:58 PM »

Case numbers underestimated

Officially confirmed cases of the virus climbed to 5974 cases today, in 31 of China’s 33 provinces, up from 291 in three provinces a week ago. But that is likely to be a massive underestimate.

Several research groups have used computer modeling to calculate a factor called the R0, the average number of people who catch the virus from each infected person, at between two and four. Data from clusters of cases also makes it possible to calculate the “generation” time that it takes an infected person to start transmitting the virus at eight days.

But plugging those numbers into standard epidemic models reveals that something doesn’t fit, says David Fisman at the University of Toronto in Canada. “Cases, R0 or generation time have to be wrong,” he says.

He thinks case numbers are too low because it took doctors time to learn to diagnose the disease. He suspects that the explosive rise in cases of recent days is mostly due to improved case finding and diagnosis. Moreover, people with milder symptoms who don’t go to the hospital and get tested may still add to the epidemic by transmitting the virus.

63
Health and Food / Re: Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 03:50:37 PM »

Is there a possibility for the coronavirus to cause a pandemic?


New coronavirus looks set to cause a pandemic – how do we control it?

HEALTH 29 January 2020
By Debora MacKenzie

Z27530012020 - Show Posts - islander
The new coronavirus, as imaged by an electron microscope
Zhu et al/NEJM © 2020, Massachusetts Medical Society


The new coronavirus may be about to go global. Speaking at a press conference earlier this week, Gabriel Leung at the University of Hong Kong said that without “substantial, draconian measures limiting population mobility” – even greater than the unprecedented transportation shutdown that China has already imposed – epidemics outside China “may become inevitable”.

Coronavirus facts: Listen to our podcast about the new coronavirus outbreak
It could be too late. Leung and other epidemiologists calculate that there are far more cases in China than doctors have diagnosed, and by next week there may be 200,000. Computer models suggest that, as with flu, Ebola and SARS, travel restrictions may have little impact.

One epidemiologist, however, thinks there may be hope in the variable way the virus is thought to spread, based on its close relatives SARS and MERS.

64
Health and Food / Re: Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 03:41:21 PM »

The differences between pandemic, epidemic, and endemic:

pandemic
/panˈdɛmɪk/

adjective
1. (of a disease) prevalent over a whole country or the world.
synonyms: universal, global

noun
1. an outbreak of a pandemic disease

When an epidemic spreads throughout the world.


epidemic
/ɛpɪˈdɛmɪk/

adjective
1. of the nature of an epidemic
synonyms: rife, rampant, widespread

noun
1. a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time
synonyms: outbreak, plague, scourge, infestation

An outbreak of disease that attacks many peoples at about the same time and may spread through one or several communities.


endemic
/ɛnˈdɛmɪk/

adjective
1. (of a disease or condition) regularly found among particular people or in a certain area
2. (of a plant or animal) native and restricted to a certain place

noun
1. an endemic plant or animal

A disease that exists permanently in a particular region or population.


https://tubagbohol.mikeligalig.com/english/pandemic-epidemic-endemic/

65
Health and Food / Re: Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 03:31:04 PM »
Where can I find more information about known coronaviruses?

For more information on MERS-CoV:
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-(mers-cov)

For More information on SARS-CoV:
https://www.who.int/csr/sars/en/


-from the World Health Organization Q and A
https://www.who.int/news-room/

66
Health and Food / Re: Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 03:19:59 PM »

What are the WHO's recommendations for countries?

WHO encourages all countries to enhance their surveillance for severe acute respiratory infections (SARI), to carefully review any unusual patterns of SARI or pneumonia cases and to notify WHO of any suspected or confirmed case of infection with the novel coronavirus.

Countries are encouraged to continue strengthening their preparedness for health emergencies in line with the International Health Regulations (2005).

67
Health and Food / Re: Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 03:17:31 PM »

Are health workers at risk from a novel coronavirus?

Yes, they can be, as health care workers come into contact with patients more often than the general public WHO recommends that health care workers consistently apply appropriate infection prevention and control measures.

68
Health and Food / Re: Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 02:45:39 PM »

What can I do to protect myself?

Standard recommendations to reduce exposure to and transmission of a range of illnesses include maintaining basic hand and respiratory hygiene, and safe food practices and avoiding close contact, when possible, with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.

69
Health and Food / Re: Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 02:44:23 PM »

Is there a treatment for a novel coronavirus?

There is no specific treatment for disease caused by a novel coronavirus. However, many of the symptoms can be treated and therefore treatment based on the patient’s clinical condition. Moreover, supportive care for infected persons can be highly effective.

70
Health and Food / Re: Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 02:42:02 PM »

Is there a vaccine for a novel coronavirus?

When a disease is new, there is no vaccine until one is developed. It can take a number of years for a new vaccine to be developed.

71
Health and Food / Re: Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 02:40:06 PM »

Can coronaviruses be transmitted from person to person?

Yes, some coronaviruses can be transmitted from person to person, usually after close contact with an infected patient, for example, in a household, workplace, or health care centre.

72
Health and Food / Re: Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 02:38:45 PM »

What are the symptoms of someone infected with a coronavirus?

It depends on the virus, but common signs include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death.

73
Health and Food / Re: Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 02:37:26 PM »

Can humans become infected with a novel coronavirus of animal source?

Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans in China in 2002 and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans in Saudi Arabia in 2012. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.  As surveillance improves around the world, more coronaviruses are likely to be identified.

74
Health and Food / Re: Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 02:36:04 PM »

What is a novel coronavirus?

A novel coronavirus (CoV) is a new strain of coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans.

75
Health and Food / Of Coronaviruses and Pandemics
« on: February 01, 2020, 02:34:56 PM »

What is a coronavirus?

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are known to cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

76
Photos Unlimited / Re: Happy birthday, kitty!
« on: February 01, 2020, 02:10:42 PM »

:-* would that i could do the same for my kitties. no, they won't stay put for such a celebration.

77
Health and Food / Re: 10 Healthy Foods To Avoid Eating When You're Sick
« on: January 29, 2020, 04:14:00 AM »

Eat This: Bananas

images?q=tbn%3AANd9GcT6TxGednSEd6WRS8ZxVGC6xIpSjJjqKHSUIijXC96_MRx2ry1I - Show Posts - islander
MARKO CRNOGLAVAC / EYEEM VIA GETTY IMAGES
Bananas with a touch of green can help promote healthy gut bacteria.


When you’re suffering from diarrhea or vomiting, your body’s potassium levels can become depleted. Potassium is an important mineral that balances the amount of water in your body and keeps your cells in tip-top shape.

Bananas to the rescue: “Try looking for bananas that are a little more green than yellow,” Ghannoum suggested. Unripe bananas “have more resistant starch, which encourages the growth of good bacteria in the gut.”

https://www.huffpost.com/

78
Health and Food / Re: 10 Healthy Foods To Avoid Eating When You're Sick
« on: January 29, 2020, 04:10:16 AM »

Eat This: White Rice

Rice is another bland food that will give your digestive tract a much-needed breather. It’s full of starch and low in fiber, making it a perfect “binding” food to harden your poop following a bout of diarrhea, De Latour said. Rice is also an excellent food for easing your body back into eating solid foods again.

79
Health and Food / Re: 10 Healthy Foods To Avoid Eating When You're Sick
« on: January 29, 2020, 04:09:19 AM »

Eat This: Oatmeal

Besides being super bland and gentle on the stomach, oatmeal contains soluble fiber, which pulls water into the digestive tract, helping to bulk up poop and regulate how quickly food is sent through the body.

Oatmeal also contains selenium, which helps protect the body from infection, and zinc, the immune system’s partner in fighting off unwelcome bacteria and viruses.

80
Health and Food / Re: 10 Healthy Foods To Avoid Eating When You're Sick
« on: January 29, 2020, 04:06:52 AM »

Avoid: Beans

“Sugars present in beans, called alpha-galactosidase, can irritate stomach issues, such as diarrhea, gas, and cramping,” Ghannoum said. This is because the body may not synthesize enough of the necessary gas-reducing enzyme to fully digest these sugars.

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