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hubag bohol

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Re: Are you part Chinese ?
« Reply #60 on: October 14, 2012, 12:07:50 PM »
Post-Antebellum refers to the time period after the American Civil War.[/b]

After the American Civil War, and with the passing of the Emancipation Proclamation , which abolished slavery in the United States, the African slaves were freed from bondage. With the collapse of the Confederate States of America (the rebellious states), the Federal government implemented reforms to build the south.

However, the local governments in the south continued to repress the African-Americans with the passing of Jim Crowe Laws. Such laws limited the voting rights of African Americans , separated the mingling of blacks with whites. It was akin to Spanish laws during colonial Philippines that prevented Chinese integration into the country.

I hope that helps. :)


Ah, you mean postbellum, then. There is no such thing as "post-antebellum". Where's your Latin?

P.S. I majored in American History, and have published papers on the American Civil War.
...than to speak out and remove all doubt." - Abraham Lincoln

Lorenzo

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Re: Are you part Chinese ?
« Reply #61 on: October 14, 2012, 12:08:07 PM »
The Chinese Uprisings Against Racist & Repressive Spanish Control


Many of the repressive laws enacted by the Spanish Crown was the prejudice of Chinese populations through unfair taxation without representation. The Chinese were taxed higher than the indio.

Although the Chinese paid higher taxes than the indios, heavy taxation was less a point of Sino-Spanish friction than was the arbitrary taxation. Special levies were frequent; so were forced labor drafts of Chinese for rowers of galleys.

The Spanish crown issued a series of laws from 1594 to 1627 with the objective of isolating these groups. The practice of extralegal taxation imposed without notice was one cause of the occasional Chinese uprising in the early Spanish period.

More basic to the occurrence of uprisings and Spanish reprisals against the Chinese was the prevailing pattern of economic interdependence combined with cultural animosity mentioned above. Attitudes of distrust periodically found violent expression in Chinese uprisings and Spanish massacres or expulsion laws. In 1603 the entire Manila Chinese colony of 20,000 was wiped out in a massacre following a Chinese revolt against undue and unfair taxation.

In 1639 a group of CHinese who were being forced to work crown lands in Laguna province rose up and moved on Manila. They were joined by the Manila CHinese, who were provoked to rebellion by arbitrary tax demands and by the economical hardships accompanying a bad year. The rebellion resulted in a massive Spanish reprisal, which led to the deaths of over 30,000 Chinese and some 20,000 indios who joined the Chinese rebellion.

Spanish crown laws implemented anti-miscegnation laws that tried to prevent the Chinese marrying the indios of the Philippines. Considering the fact that most of the CHinese in the Philippines were male , and there was a lack of CHinese women, majority of the male Chinese were marrying local women. The Spaniards feared the inbreeding of the two groups in that they feared that the offspring of the two would join further revolts against Spain.

Despite Spanish laws to prevent the marriage of Chinese men and local women, the majority of the Chinese men married local women. Many Chinese converted to Spanish names and the Catholic faith of their wives. To the protest of the Spanish civil authorities.


Reference:
Wickberg, Edgar. (2000). The Chinese in Philippine Life 1850-1898.
Ateneo De Manila University Press



Lorenzo

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Re: Are you part Chinese ?
« Reply #62 on: October 14, 2012, 12:10:31 PM »
postbellum[/b], then. There is no such thing as "post-antebellum". Where's your Latin?

P.S. I majored in American History, and have published papers on the American Civil War.

Thanks for that correction, yes, you're right. I meant to say Postbellum.

Then you realize that the racial and social implications of the Jim Crow Laws are similar to that of the Anti-Chinese Laws implemented by the Spanish Crown.

Lorenzo

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« Reply #63 on: October 14, 2012, 12:27:01 PM »
The Failure of Spanish Crown's Racial Segregation 


Even if a policy of rigid segregation had been attempted it failed to keep the unconverted Chinese and the converted indio from each other. Like the Spaniards, the indios in Spanish areas of settlement had come to be economically dependent upon the Chinese.

Economic relations between the two groups , and between individuals in the two groups, were constant. Social interaction was inevitable in the course of economic relations, and later on, on a racial context. There was no way to keep indio and the Chinese completely apart.

The Chinese became physically mobile in the Philippines, many settling into central Luzon, Northern Luzon, Southern Luzon, the Visayas, and the Mindanao region. The reasons for the Chinese' expansion was a response to Spanish attempt to disperse the Chinese from Manila, the main staging point. Contrary to Spanish designs, the Chinese that were dispersed in the rural provinces eventually manifested their economic prosperity as in Manila , and furthering indio-chinese co-dependence and intermarriage.



Reference:
Wickberg, Edgar. (2000). The Chinese in Philippine Life 1850-1898.
Ateneo De Manila University Press

Lorenzo

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Re: Are you part Chinese ?
« Reply #64 on: October 14, 2012, 12:29:01 PM »


In other words, hilig diay ang Lakeng Inchik sa Bajeng Pinay.

Bahala kamong katsila! Basta maka uyab si Tong Shing Wa ni Inday Rosario.

:P     ;D     ;D



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Do you know what part of China the Filipino-Chinese came from?

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