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Anda: In the Beginning (Part 2)
« on: April 25, 2007, 08:00:57 PM »
Written by Jes Tirol


In terms of persistence and peskiness to become a town, no other town in Bohol can beat the town of Anda. From 1856 up to 1875 when it became a town in the civil aspect and until 1885 when it became a town in the religious aspect, the people of Anda was always petitioning to become a separate town. Even though their petition had been denied many times, the people were persistent in petitioning to become a town.

Another Petition

On March 27, 1874 the petition of barrio Quinable to become a town was denied again for the same reason -- the number of taxpayers could not reach the required 500.

On September 23, 1874, only a few months from being denied, the people made another petition. This time the people took another tact.

Independent Lieutenant (Teniente Absoluto) Victorio Felisarta and thirty-seven (37) other signatories made the following reasoning: Their 1856 petition was denied for lacking the required number of taxpayers. Their 1872 petition was denied for the same reason. The number of births far exceeded the number of deaths, but the people migrated to other places due to lack of supervision and opportunities.

The reason why the people want to be a town is to have proper supervision and leadership. Without leadership the number of taxpayers would not increase, so first make Quinale into a town so that the taxpayers could reach 500 and not the other way around.

Provincial Politico-Military Governor Don Joaquin Bengoechea, understood the reasoning. So the provincial governor suggested, make a petition only for the civil aspect of the town. The requirement of 500 taxpayers is only for becoming a town in the religious aspect or becoming a separate parish. So the September 23, 1874 petition requested only to be a town in the civil aspect.

The Usual Rigmarole

The new petition went into rigmarole due to the reluctance of the religious authorities to approve it.

On March 11, 1875 the Consejo De Administracion (Council for Administration) recommended that the visita (mission field) of Quinale be separated in its civil aspect only because the Archbishop was not inclined to separate it on its religious aspect.

On March 12, 1875,, Governor General Don Jose de Malcampoy y Monje issued the decree creating the new town of Anda. The pertinent portion is translated by this writer as follows: "Now therefore, this General Government, in conformity with them (petitioners and recommending officials) decided to decree the creation of the Visita of Quinale into an independent town. It would be named ANDA and separated from its mother town in its civil aspect only in consonance with the desire of the religious authorities…"

On April 1, 1875 the order was published. The Archbishop of Manila confirmed that the separation was only on the civil aspect of the town.

On May 3, 1875, the local officials of the new town of Anda and the mother town of Guindulman gathered together to determine the boundaries.

A Beneficial Concession

The decree of the Governor General have also this provision: "The natives should be made to understand that they could continue to cultivate their properties in whichever jurisdiction they are located…" this means that if you are form Anda, you can still cultivate you land in Guindulman and vice versa. The only other time that this concession was given was when the barrio of Panas, Loboc became the town of Sevilla, Bohol. In other instances, the people of the new town will have to abandon their lands in the mother town. You will need a special permit to be able to cultivate your lands located in the mother town. You will need a special permit to be able to cultivate your lands located in the mother town. During that time it was necessary in order to avoid conflict where a person should his tax because taxation was per capita or per person basis and not by income as done nowadays. For example, you live, counted and pay your tax in Tagbilaran but your livelihood is from your farm in Corella, Bohol. You do not pay any tax in Corella, how would the officials in Corella feel?

Religious Aspect of the Town

The decision to separate only the civil aspect of the town proved to be correct. The people did not migrate anymore to other places. Since the people of Anda could still continue to cultivate their lands in Guindulman, their income was not reduced.

Eventually the number of taxpayers increased and Anda was qualified to be a separate town also in the religious aspect.

On July 18, 1885 Anda became an independent parish from Guindulman. It was made a Diocesan Parish on 19 March 1885 and advocated to the Holy Child (Santo Niño). It obained a Royal Approval on 6 January 1885. It was finally implemented on 18 July 1885 with Fr. Julian Cisnero as the first Parish Priest.

A Unique Occurrence

Anda, Bohol is a town that had a Spanish Priest from 1885 up to 1937. In 1898 the Spanish era ended in the Philippines. Most of the Spanish Priest in Bohol fled, but the Spanish Priest of Anda, Fr. Hilario Lopez did not flee. During the American era, the other towns of Bohol had Filipino priests but Anda, Bohol had a Spanish Priests (Order of Augustinian Recollect) until 1937. The last Spanish priest was Fr. Luis Llorente.

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Establishment of the town of Anda (Part 1)

Started by Ligalig-Mike on Anda - Bohol

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Last post April 25, 2007, 07:59:19 PM
by Ligalig-Mike

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