Author Topic: How the Filipinos Helped South Koreans in Times of War  (Read 1815 times)

TUBAGBOHOL.com

  • FOUNDER
  • GURU
  • *****
  • Posts: 16968
  • support@tubagbohol.com
By Ben Cal

When the Korean War broke out on June 25, 1950, the Philippines was the first Asian country to send combat troops to help the beleaguered South Koreans fight the invading North Koreans and Chinese forces.

That act of benevolence by the Philippines to a call by a friend in need 62 years ago would never be forgotten by South Korea.

The Philippine Veterans Affairs Office (PVAO), currently headed by retired Lt. Gen. Ernesto G. Carolina, said that it was on Aug. 7, 1950 or 43 days after the war erupted when then President Elpidio R. Quirino announced the deployment of 7,420 Filipino combat troops to Korea known as the Philippine Expeditionary Forces to Korea (PEFTOK).

Quirino said the sending of Philippines combat troops to Korea was in fulfillment of the country’s obligation as a co-signer of the United Nations Charter.

“Poor as we are, this country is making a great sacrifice in sending you there (Korea), but every peso invested in you is a sound investment for the perpetuation of our liberty and freedom,” Quirino said.

Quirino and his Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Carlos P. Romulo, also saw the Philippines’ commitment to defend its friend, the Republic of Korea, as part of a larger fight to save world democracy from communism.

PVAO said “the great friendship between the Philippines and the Republic of Korea is extraordinary. It began in 1947 at a time when the Philippines and Korea were rebuilding their countries following the massive devastation inflicted by the Second World War.”

It may be recalled that in 1947, the Philippines played a key role in a United Nations’ initiative that led to the creation of the Republic of Korea on Aug. 15, 1948.

The Philippines was the first Asian country to establish diplomatic relations with the Republic of Korea on March 3, 1949.

The Korean War began 15 months later and when it ended in an Armistice on July 27, 1953, Korea, a nation that had been united for most of its history, became a country divided.

The Philippines was the first Asian country to send combat troops to fight in defense of the Republic of Korea.

The Philippine Expeditionary Force to Korea

The Philippines volunteered to fight in Korea despite having to rebuild an economy shattered by the Second World War while simultaneously subduing its own dangerous communist insurgency.

Despite its own pressing need for soldiers, the Philippines recognized the urgency of assisting South Korea in its fight to survive as an independent state.

On Sept 15, 1950, the officers and men of the 10th Battalion Combat Team (Motorized) boarded a transport ship at Manila Bay for their voyage to the Korean War.

This battle-hardened battalion was typical of all five Battalion Combat Team (BCTs) comprising PEFTOK.

All the PEFTOK soldiers had seen years of fighting the communist Huks.

Retired Lt. Gen. Ernesto G. Carolina, PVAO administrator, said the five PEFTOK battalions that saw action during the Korean War from 1950 to 1955 were:

• 10th Battalion Combat Team (Motorized)

• 20th Battalion Combat Team (Motorized)

• 19th Battalion Combat Team (Motorized)

• 14th Battalion Combat Team

• 2nd Battalion Combat Team

The Filipino BCTs proved their combat capability during numerous battles with the enemy that “not one PEFTOK battalion was defeated or made incapable of combat as a result of enemy action despite many hard fought battles.”

“PEFTOK consistently defeated its main enemy (the “Chinese People’s Volunteer Army”) in actions for hills, cities and towns along the 38th Parallel dividing Korea.

“In successfully defending South Korea, the Philippines cemented a friendship that endures to this day, and that is a source of great pride to both nations,” PVAO said. A Memorial for Heroes

The PEFTOK Korean Memorial Hall was constructed in honor of the 7,420 officers and men of the five BCTs who fought during the Korean War and helped rebuild Korea.

Out of the 7,420-strong PEFTOK members, 112 were killed in action, 229 wounded, 16 missing and presumed dead and 41 held as prisoners of war (POWs).

PVAO said the memorial honors the staunch friendship between the Philippines and the Republic of Korea forged in their shared sacrifice during the war.

“It’s the outstanding symbol of the decades’ old partnership between the Philippines and South Korea,” said Col. Paterno Viloria PhD, president of the PEFTOK Veterans Association, Inc. (PVAI), the only association of Filipino Korean War veterans.

PEFTOK produced a president in the person of retired Gen. Fidel V. Ramos who was elected as the 12th President of the Republic of the Philippines in 1992 and served his six-year term until June 30, 1998.

Ramos was a member of the famed 20th BCT sent to the Korean War.

The Memorial Hall is one of two buildings at the “Philippines-Korea Friendship Center” along Bayani Road in Taguig City. The other is the HRD Training Center. The Memorial Hall houses the Philippines’ first-ever Museum specifically about the Korean War; a multi-purpose hall, an office for PVAI, a library, a roof deck and other facilities.

Inside the museum are panels describing the history of the Philippines’ involvement in the Korean War and memorabilia from our soldiers who served in Korea.

On the ground outside the building and inside the museum are displayed weapons used by Filipino soldiers in the Korean War.

The Republic of Korea also has its own exhibit at the museum. On the other hand, the Philippines-Korea Friendship Center was a proposal by former South Korean Ambassador Choi Joong Kyung that a memorial hall be built to honor the soldiers of the Philippine Expeditionary Force to Korea or PEFTOK.

Ambassador Choi noted that the friendship between the Philippines and his country strengthened by the Korean War had blossomed into a partnership both countries have nurtured over the decades.

That vision led to the signing of a Memorandum of Agreement in May 2009 by Ambassador Choi, former Secretary of Defense Gilberto Teodoro, Jr. and Brig. Gen. Victorino T. Azada, former President of the PEFTOK Veterans Association, Inc.

The Department of National Defense and its Philippine Veterans Affairs Office took charge of the Philippine part of the project. The Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) was responsible for the South Korean contribution. Following necessary pre-construction activities, South Korean firms began work in 2011 at the 5,000-square meter project site donated by the Philippines along Bayani Road in Taguig City.

First to be built at this site was the two-storey PEFTOK Korean War Memorial Hall. As work on this building was proceeding, construction began at the adjacent four-storey HRD Training Center.

The HRD Training Center will train young Filipinos for gainful employment both here and abroad.

The PEFTOK Memorial Hall is inscribed with the names of all the 112 Filipino heroes who were killed in action during the war.
Romans 8:38-39
"For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers,  neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord."

Sitemap Index | Free TubagBohol Subscription


chicogon

  • SUPREME COURT
  • GURU
  • *****
  • Posts: 12292
:)
Wine does not make you FAT... it makes you LEAN.

(LEAN gainst tables, chairs, floors, walls and ugly people.)


Add Me: http://twitter.com/roromusic2009


Lorenzo

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • Posts: 54200
  • Be the change you want to see in the world...

Philippine Army soldier in Korea.

Lorenzo

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • Posts: 54200
  • Be the change you want to see in the world...

Lorenzo

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • Posts: 54200
  • Be the change you want to see in the world...
During this time, the Philippines had the strongest air force, navy, and army in the Asia-Pacific region. During this time, the 1950's, the Philippines had the 2nd strongest economy in Asia, second only to Japan.


Lorenzo

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • Posts: 54200
  • Be the change you want to see in the world...


The Philippine 10th Battalion Combat Team (PEFTOK) marching drill in front of then President Elpidio Quirino and then United Nations General Assembly President Carlos P. Romulo in Rizal Memorial Stadium, September 2, 1950

Lorenzo

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • Posts: 54200
  • Be the change you want to see in the world...
Battle of Yultong Bridge


In April 22-23, 1951, the Philippine 10th Battalion Combat Team fought one of its many battles and perhaps, the greatest battles that the Fighting 10th ever fought in the Korean War.

After the Operation Rugged and six days in the regimental reserves, the Philippine battalion returned to the frontline and relieved the 1st Battalion of the 65th United States Infantry. Colonel Dionisio S. Ojeda divided the battalion into separate units. Deploying the A and B Companies with the Tank Company (tank-less) on the frontline while, the Reconnaissance and C Companies remained in reserve. The Philippine battalion was flanked by the 2nd Battalion of the US 65th Infantry on the left and the 2nd Battalion of the Turkish Brigade on the right.

Here’s the account of the battle from South Korea’s Ministry of Defense (Vol. VI., pp. 313-315):

    Just after the dusk, supported by the heavy bombardment of mortar and artillery, the hordes of Chinese Communist Forces (CCF) unleashed their First Spring Offensive toward Seoul, directing their main effort against the I US Corps along the Chorwon-Seoul corridor. The Turkish were the first to hit and their lines were penetrated as far as the reserve battalion position. This sudden situation caused to expose the right flank of the Philippine BCT’s B Company. The CCF forces shifted their assault toward B Company by a frontal attack 30 minutes after midnight and then another enemy wave hit the gap between B and Tank Company positions. The whole Battalion was soon subjected to intensive small arms and artillery fire. The left platoon (led by Lieutenant Jose Artiaga) of B Company was pushed back from their position at 0300 hours and, after four hours of furious combat, the enemy infiltrated as deeply as C Company in the reserve area. Each company  was dispersed and fought in confusion without contact among and between units. The Battalion command post also became a target of small arms fire. Notwithstanding, battered B Company succeeded in closing the perimeter of C Company at dawnbreak of the 23rd. All of cooks, chaplain, medics and drivers came to pick up guns and committed into the last stand. C Company was ordered to withdraw at 0640 hours when it was counterattacking with the support of Reconnaissance Company.

    Three rifle companies also pulled out from their positions under cover of Reconnaissance Company but Tank Company could not be contacted until the radio communication became operational at noon.

    In the meantime, Tank Company desperately held its positions and made a counterattack to retake the position of Lieutenant Artiaga’s platoon in order to recover the dead and wounded. When the radio communication was restored at 1230 hours, Captain Conrado Yap, Commander of Tank Company, was ordered to withdraw. However, Captain Yap and his men were on their way to counterattack. When a hill was taken, they counted less than one squad was left of this platoon and found still missing Corporal Bengala. Captain Yap called for volunteers to further search. It was two hours before sunset. A burst of fire from concealed nest had caught Captain Yap squarely on the front. For this action, he was posthumously awarded the Philippine Medal of Valor.


    During this action, the CCF losses were more than 500 killed and two captured, while the Philippine BCT suffered with 12 KIA, 38 WIA and 6 MIA.



The Philippine 10th Battalion Combat Team counter-attacking at Yultong on 23 April 1951



http://theunknowngazette.blogspot.com/2010/09/philippines-in-korean-war-60th.html

chicogon

  • SUPREME COURT
  • GURU
  • *****
  • Posts: 12292
One of my grandfathers (igsoon sa akong lolo) from Balilihan was sent to Korea during the war; he used to tell us stories about the Korean War when I was in college in the mid 70's...
Wine does not make you FAT... it makes you LEAN.

(LEAN gainst tables, chairs, floors, walls and ugly people.)


Add Me: http://twitter.com/roromusic2009

Lorenzo

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • Posts: 54200
  • Be the change you want to see in the world...
One of my grandfathers (igsoon sa akong lolo) from Balilihan was sent to Korea during the war; he used to tell us stories about the Korean War when I was in college in the mid 70's...

They were truly warriors. In the Battle of Yultong Bridge, the Philippine 10th battalion killed over 550 Chinese Army soldiers, while suffering only 12 killed in action and some 38 wounded in action.

The Philippine Army was so efficient at killing Chinese soldiers because the Philippine Army, back then, was battle hardened. The Philippines had recently quashed the Hukbalalahap Communist Insurgency in the late1940s to early 1950. The soldiers sent to Korea were battle hardened troops of the Philippine Army.

Estimates say that for every Filipino soldier killed in Korea, 15 Chinese or North Korean were also killed.

Chinese army soldiers and North Korean soldiers also feared the Filipino soldiers because they were renowned to use bolos in hand to hand combat.

Lorenzo

  • SUPREME COURT
  • THE LEGEND
  • *****
  • Posts: 54200
  • Be the change you want to see in the world...
General Douglas MacArthur regarded the Filipino soldier very highly saying, "“Give me ten thousand Filipino soldiers and I will conquer the world.”

He was right. Some 7,500 Filipino soldiers sent to Korea were responsible for neutralizing some 50,000 of the enemy (Chinese & North Korean).

In other words 1 Filipino Division  = 1 Enemy Army

TUBAGBOHOL.com

  • FOUNDER
  • GURU
  • *****
  • Posts: 16968
  • support@tubagbohol.com
Amazing facts about the bravery of the Filipino soldiers.
Romans 8:38-39
"For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers,  neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord."

Sitemap Index | Free TubagBohol Subscription

 

How to Support

Tubag Bohol needs your help. To donate for our server maintenance, please click the Donate button. Thank You!

Like us on Facebook

Latest Posts

Nganung kasagaran sa mga members saTUBAGBOHOL,let's say,mature(edaran)? by hubag bohol
[May 05, 2016, 12:38:00 AM]


Ang kasubo, kasakit ug kamingaw sa nag-inusarang binilanggo by hubag bohol
[May 05, 2016, 12:29:38 AM]


Kisaw-kisaw sa Politika by hubag bohol
[May 05, 2016, 12:22:22 AM]


Duterte-Cayetano’s call for candidates to open bank accounts by hubag bohol
[May 05, 2016, 12:21:13 AM]


Mutya sa Tagbilaran 2015 by hubag bohol
[May 05, 2016, 12:20:00 AM]


Stop and smell the flowers by hubag bohol
[May 04, 2016, 01:07:27 AM]


Sleepy owls by hubag bohol
[May 04, 2016, 01:04:38 AM]


Hypnotic by hubag bohol
[May 04, 2016, 01:02:49 AM]


Star Wars family by hubag bohol
[May 04, 2016, 12:57:35 AM]


"I shot an arrow into the air,..." by hubag bohol
[May 04, 2016, 12:52:35 AM]

Sign-up or Log-in - It's Free

 
 
Welcome, Guest. Please login or register.

Facebook Comments

Create a Successful Online Store at Bigcommerce! Try it Free Now!
SimplePortal 2.3.6 © 2008-2014, SimplePortal