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Author Topic: Plagiarism: knowing it for what it is  (Read 976 times)

islander

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Plagiarism: knowing it for what it is
« on: August 21, 2012, 03:04:20 AM »
Pereant qui ante nos nostra dixerent.
Perish those who said our good things before we did.
                                             -Aelius Donatus



Plagiarism is  to steal and pass off the ideas or words of another as one's own. (Merriam-Webster)


From the 2003-4 University Catalog (page 29), Mason University, under the heading ‘Plagiarism’ (http://classweb.gmu.edu/):

1) Presenting as one’s own the words, the work, or the opinions of someone else without proper acknowledgment.

2) Borrowing the sequence of ideas, the arrangement of material, or the pattern of thought of someone else without proper acknowledgment. 
Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment


islander

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Re: Plagiarism: knowing it for what it is
« Reply #1 on: August 21, 2012, 03:13:39 AM »
Types of Plagiarism

Anyone who has written or graded a paper knows that plagiarism is not always a black and white issue.  The boundary between plagiarism and research is often unclear.  Learning to recognize the various forms of plagiarism, especially the more ambiguous ones, is an important step towards effective prevention.  Many people think of plagiarism as copying another's work, or borrowing someone else's original ideas.  But terms like "copying" and "borrowing" can disguise the seriousness of the offense:

http://www.plagiarism.org/
Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment


islander

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Re: Plagiarism: knowing it for what it is
« Reply #2 on: August 21, 2012, 03:22:16 AM »
Sources Not Cited

1. "The Ghost Writer"

    The writer turns in another's work, word-for-word, as his or her own.

2. "The Photocopy"

    The writer copies significant portions of text straight from a single source,
    without alteration.

3. "The Potluck Paper"

    The writer tries to disguise plagiarism by copying from several different
    sources, tweaking the sentences to make them fit together while retaining
    most of the original phrasing.

4. "The Poor Disguise"

    Although the writer has retained the essential content of the source, he or
    she has altered the paper's appearance slightly by changing key words and
    phrases.

5. "The Labor of Laziness"

    The writer takes the time to paraphrase most of the paper from other
    sources and make it all fit together, instead of spending the same effort on
    original work.

6. "The Self-Stealer"

    The writer "borrows" generously from his or her previous work, violating
    policies concerning the expectation of originality adopted by most academic
    institutions.

http://www.plagiarism.org/
Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment


islander

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Re: Plagiarism: knowing it for what it is
« Reply #3 on: August 21, 2012, 03:31:13 AM »
Sources Cited (But Still Plagiarized)

1. "The Forgotten Footnote"

    The writer mentions an author's name for a source, but neglects to include
    specific information on the location of the material referenced. This often
    masks other forms of plagiarism by obscuring source locations.
   
2. "The Misinformer"

    The writer provides inaccurate information regarding the sources, making it
    impossible to find them.

3. "The Too-Perfect Paraphrase"

    The writer properly cites a source, but neglects to put in quotation marks
    text that has been copied word-for-word, or close to it. Although attributing
    the basic ideas to the source, the writer is falsely claiming original
    presentation and interpretation of the information.

4. "The Resourceful Citer"

    The writer properly cites all sources, paraphrasing and using quotations
    appropriately. The catch? The paper contains almost no original work!  It is
    sometimes difficult to spot this form of plagiarism because it looks like any
    other well-researched document.

5. "The Perfect Crime"

    Well, we all know it doesn't exist.  In this case, the writer properly quotes
    and cites sources in some places, but goes on to paraphrase other
    arguments from those sources without citation. This way, the writer tries to
    pass off the paraphrased material as his or her own analysis of the cited
    material.

http://www.plagiarism.org/
Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment


Lorenzo

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Re: Plagiarism: knowing it for what it is
« Reply #4 on: August 21, 2012, 03:45:14 AM »
Good thread, Isles. For those who are pursuing their Bachelor's, Master's , and Doctoral degrees, it is important to make sure to cite any references in their papers. Always protect yourself when regarding academic writing by citing frequently and citing appropriately.

One can use the APA or MLA format for citation. I prefer to use the APA format. :)



islander

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Re: Plagiarism: knowing it for what it is
« Reply #5 on: August 21, 2012, 03:51:45 AM »
that's why there will always be advisers for academic papers.
Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment


islander

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Re: Plagiarism: knowing it for what it is
« Reply #6 on: August 21, 2012, 03:59:42 AM »
Some tips for avoiding accidental plagiarism when you use sources:

1.  Cite every piece of information that is not a) the result of your own research, or b) common knowledge. This includes opinions, arguments, and speculations as well as facts, details, figures, and statistics.

2.  Use quotation marks every time you use the author's words. (For longer quotes, indenting the whole quotation has the same effect as quotation marks.)

3.  At the beginning of the first sentence in which you quote, paraphrase, or summarize, make it clear that what comes next is someone else's idea:

       According to Smith...
        Jones says...
        In his 1987 study, Robinson proved...


4.  At the end of the last sentence containing quoted, paraphrased, or summarized material, insert a parenthetical citation to show where the material came from:

        The St. Martin's Handbook defines plagiarism as "the use of someone else's words or ideas as [the writer's] own without crediting the other person" (Lunsford and Connors 602).

    (Notice the use of brackets to mark a change in the wording of the original.)

more at http://www.writing.northwestern.edu/avoiding_plagiarism.html
Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment


Lorenzo

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Re: Plagiarism: knowing it for what it is
« Reply #7 on: August 21, 2012, 05:49:50 AM »
that's why there will always be advisers for academic papers.

You're absolutely right, Isles. Speaking as a doctoral student, its also a blessing to have friends who can kindly proofread papers. ;)

PS. Thanks isles...!

hubag bohol

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Re: Plagiarism: knowing it for what it is
« Reply #8 on: February 11, 2015, 11:12:59 PM »
...than to speak out and remove all doubt." - Abraham Lincoln

 

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