Author Topic: Knowing China's 9-Dash Line territorial claim  (Read 3376 times)

islander

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China's 9-Dash Line territorial claim

[The 9-dash Line] refers to the demarcation line used by the government of the People's Republic of China for its claim in the South China Sea, an area including the Paracel Islands (occupied by China but claimed by Vietnam and Taiwan) and Spratly Islands disputed by the Philippines, China, Brunei, Malaysia, Taiwan and Vietnam, who each either claim all or part of the Spratlys, which are believed to sit on vast mineral resources, including oil.

According to Chinese sources the line first appeared in February 1948 as an eleven-dotted U-shape line in a map appearing in a private publication in the Republic of China.

/wikipedia
Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment


islander

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Re: Knowing China's 9-Dash Line territorial claim
« Reply #1 on: April 22, 2012, 11:36:27 PM »
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  • the controversial 9-dash line, made in china:

    Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment


    islander

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    Re: Knowing China's 9-Dash Line territorial claim
    « Reply #2 on: April 22, 2012, 11:40:26 PM »
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  • the overlapping claims.  (note the philippine claim that are within the country's EEZ line.):

    Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment

    islander

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    Re: Knowing China's 9-Dash Line territorial claim
    « Reply #3 on: April 22, 2012, 11:43:54 PM »
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  • The Nine-dotted line was originally an "eleven-dotted-line" first indicated by the then Kuomintang government of the Republic of China in 1947 for its claims to the South China Sea.  After the Communist Party of China took over mainland China and formed the People's Republic of China in 1949, the line was adopted and revised to nine as endorsed by Zhou Enlai.  No country, including Southeast Asian countries or their past rulers, protested or challenged the validity of the 9-dash line from 1947 to 1970s.

    /wikipedia
    Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment

    islander

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    Re: Knowing China's 9-Dash Line territorial claim
    « Reply #4 on: April 22, 2012, 11:46:01 PM »
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  • The dotted line has been used by China as the maximum extent of its claim.  However, the dotted lines do not show how the lines would be joined if it was continuous and the extent of area claimed by China.  The 9-dotted-line has been officially protested by the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei and Indonesia. 

    Immediately after China submitted to the UN a map including the 9-dotted lines territorial claim in the South China Sea on May 7, 2009, the Philippines lodged a diplomatic protest against China for claiming the whole of South China Sea illegally. Vietnam and Malaysia filed their joint protest a day after China submitted its 9-dash line map to the UN. Indonesia also registered its protest, even though it did not have a claim on the South China Sea.

    /wikipedia
    Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment

    islander

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    Re: Knowing China's 9-Dash Line territorial claim
    « Reply #5 on: April 22, 2012, 11:49:05 PM »
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  • Ongoing disputes

    According to President Aquino of the Philippines, "China’s 9-dash line territorial claim over the entire South China Sea is against international laws, particularly the United National Convention of the Laws of the Sea (UNCLOS)". 

    Vietnam also rejected the 9-dotted line claim, citing that it is baseless and against the UNCLOS.  In 2010, at a regional conference in Hanoi, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced that "The United States has a national interest in freedom of navigation, open access to Asia's maritime commons, and respect for international law in the South China Sea".

    The United States has also called for unfettered access to the area that China claims as its own, and accused Beijing of adopting an increasingly aggressive stance on the high seas.

    /wikipedia
    Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment

    islander

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    Re: Knowing China's 9-Dash Line territorial claim
    « Reply #6 on: April 22, 2012, 11:52:07 PM »
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  • While China has never used the 9-dotted line as an inviolable border to its sovereignty, this strategy together with the fact that China's authority has never officially explained the meaning of the 9-dotted line have led many researchers to try to derive the exact meanings of the 9-dotted line map in the Chinese strategy in the South China Sea.

    Some scholars believe that this line cannot be considered as a maritime boundary line because it violates international law which states that a national boundary line must be a stable and defined one. The 9-dotted line is not stable because it has been reduced from 11 to 9 dashes in the Gulf of Tonkin as endorsed by Zhou Enlai without any reasons given. It is also not a defined line because it does not have any specific geographic coordinates and does not tell how it can be connected if it was a continuous line.

    /wikipedia
    Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment

    islander

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    Re: Knowing China's 9-Dash Line territorial claim
    « Reply #7 on: April 22, 2012, 11:54:20 PM »
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  • According to the Kyodo News, in March 2010 PRC officials told US officials that they consider the South China Sea a "core interest" on par with Taiwan, Tibet and Xinjiang. 

    In July 2010 the Communist Party-controlled Global Times stated that "China will never waive its right to protect its core interest with military means" and a Ministry of Defense spokesman said that "China has indisputable sovereignty of the South Sea and China has sufficient historical and legal backing" to underpin its claims.

    /wikipedia
    Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment

    islander

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    Re: Knowing China's 9-Dash Line territorial claim
    « Reply #8 on: April 22, 2012, 11:58:42 PM »
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  • At the Conference on Maritime Study organized by the US-based Center for Strategic and International Study (CSIS) in June 2011, Dr. Su Hao from the China Foreign Affairs University in Beijing delivered a speech on China’s sovereignty and policy in the South China Sea using history as the main argument. However, Dr. Termsak Chalermpalanupap, Assistant Director for Program Coordination and External Relations of the ASEAN Secretariat, said: “I don’t think that the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) recognizes history as the basis to make sovereignty claims”.

    /wikipedia
    Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment

    islander

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    Re: Knowing China's 9-Dash Line territorial claim
    « Reply #9 on: April 23, 2012, 12:01:31 AM »
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  • Maritime researcher Carl Thayer, Emeritus Professor of Politics of the University of New South Wales, said that Chinese scholars using historical heritage to explain its claim of sovereignty shows the lack of legal foundation under the international law for the claim.

    Caitlyn Antrim, Executive Director, Rule of Law Committee for the Oceans of the USA, commented that "The U-shaped line has no ground under the international law because [the] historical basis is very weak". She added "I don’t understand what China claims for in that U-shaped line. If they claim sovereignty over islands inside that line, the question is whether they are able to prove their sovereignty over these islands. If China claimed sovereignty over these islands 500 years ago and then they did not perform their sovereignty, their claim of sovereignty becomes very weak. For uninhabited islands, they can only claim territorial seas, not exclusive economic zones (EEZ) from the islands”.

    /wikipedia
    Republic Act 8485 (Animal Welfare Act of 1998, Philippines), as amended and strengthened by House  Bill 6893 of 2013--- violation means a maximum of P250,000 fine with a corresponding three-year jail term and a minimum of P30,000 fine and six months imprisonment

    hubag bohol

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    Re: Knowing China's 9-Dash Line territorial claim
    « Reply #10 on: April 23, 2012, 05:13:06 AM »
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  • Hmm, diversionary tactics to wave the wand over the Chinese populace, anyone? Read Chinese current events, for God's sake...
    ...than to speak out and remove all doubt." - Abraham Lincoln

    Lorenzo

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    Re: Knowing China's 9-Dash Line territorial claim
    « Reply #11 on: April 23, 2012, 12:47:20 PM »
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  • Hmm, diversionary tactics to wave the wand over the Chinese populace, anyone? Read Chinese current events, for God's sake...

    You have a big point, Bai Hubag. China right now is in a political quagmire. This situation going on with Bo Xilai could lead to catastrophic effects to the CCP....

    They are even encouraging their North Korean pawns wage proxy provocational threats towards South Korea in an attempt to focus international and domestic eyes on outward movements.

    Let us wait and see what will happen.

     

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